CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY: CONGO

Created: 2/9/1962

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

Current Intelligence Weekly Summary

COPY NO. 71

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FOR RHUS! DATE lUlilll

central intelligence agency

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTEIUGENCE

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congo

political factions Ln thn Congo appeared to bo marking time during Premier Adoula's visit to the US. Officials ln Leopoldvllle hava stated tbat Gizenga's removal from tbe capitalmall Island off the Congo coastebruary mb at his own request. Central government authorities. *ho sere Instructed by Adoula before bis departure to assure Gizenga's personal safety, appear to be avaitlng guidance as to what legal steps to taks.

Adoula's rivals bothand outside the government are in doubt ss to what degree of support tbey should accord Gizenga. Gizenga's self-imposed isolation ln Stanleyville led many of bis followers to despair of his leadership snd brought about bis eclipseolitical leader, llowevnr, hoegree of prestige ss "Lumumba'snd his detention has been the object of protests and demonstrations throughout tbe Communist bloc, althoughol Adoula has been Indirect. Afro-Asian support for Gizenga bas been lukewarm.

In Katanga. Tshombe has maintained a conciliatoryln bis dealings witb tbe UN. Tshombe has indicated his willingness to permit Joint UN-Katangaa Inspection teams to seek out recalcitrant mercenaries outside Ellsabethvllla. Tbe exodus of Europeans continues.

With respect to the Kltona accords, however, Tohombi'o compliance has been limited largely to entering negotiations with the central government. Bis public statements and recent appeal to the Belgian Council of State protesting UN

military Intervention suggest tbat be still regards the terms for Katanga's reintegration with the Congo as subject to compromise.

Union Hlnlere, whosehave provided the bulk of Katanga's revenue, reportedly lseconciliation with the Adoula government. Leopoldvllle, however, has hitherto insisted that tbe central government be (or nil payments made to Katanga since the Congo's independence. Union Hlnlere reportedly contends that its payments towere made under duress, and tbat the centralshould recover the money from Katanga.

Despite Gizenga's the central government exerts effective control ln few areas outside of Leopoldvllle and Equalour provinces. the UN has mounted an effort in northern Katanga to apprehend Congolese Aray uolts responsible for recenttbe Congo itself baa no reliable security force to prevent the recurrence of such ti

lent oi aivu rrwinci stated ln early February that tbere la still tbe lack of security which enabled Staoleyvllle troops last December to kidnap him and his ministers.

Except for Katanga, tbe Congo continues to stagnate economically, particularly lo those urban areas dependentoney economy. Intheake upof the African work force

Feb 62

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