Current Intelligence Weekly Summary
central intelligence agency
OFflCE OP CUHBENT IN1EUIGENCE
HUM) mum (SI
moves againii Gizenga appear to havetbe premier's domestic and international position and should enable his to intensify his efforts to end Katanga's secession. Gizenga has been dismissed as vice premier and remains under bouse arrest ln Stanleyville.
Long anxious to ridof Gizenga, Adoula had been forced to temporize, sot only because he believed the reduction of Tshombe took precedence but because hoove against Olzonga would cost him the support of the Glzenglsts and Lumumblsts and because he had noforce to support any action he might take against theleader. The abrupt move against Gizenga on ISsucceededumber of factors had changed.
01senga's downfall began when heost ln the Adoula government, ending bis claim to be the legal successor to Lumumba. Gizenga's former African and Soviet blocrecognized the Adoulaand Gizenga, lnwas never able tohis previous lines of financial and material support. By trying to promote himself as the leaderew "umbrella" nationalist party, he challenged rival political leaders and so alienated them they were no longer opposedove against him. Olzenga's final mistake was to attempt an armedonanuary when the bulk of his potentialong way from Stanleyville.
Olsenga, however, may still be able to generate enoughand diplomatic support from thc radical African states and the Soviel bloc to thwart or at least temper Adoula's moves. There are, moreover, reports that some of Gizenga's Stanleyville army supporters--now in northern Katnnga--may try to rescue him.
Stanleyville several days while dossiers ln his case were being prepared, The premier gave no indication of what fate hefor Gizenga, but It seems unlikely be will lot him go free.
Adoula also expressed the hope that the downfall ofwouldeneficial effect on Tshombe. Adoula la acutely aware that his position as premier is insecure andto "nationalist" challenge and harassment as long as tbe Katanga problem remains Ho said one of Tshombe's Conakat party deputise had told him that Katanga now must "see the light" and rejoin tho Congo. Adoula doscrlbed Tshombe'stoonstitutional adviser as more "treachery."
Adoula continues to insist that additional Congolese Army forces be brought Into Katanga. He plans to come to the US (no date is yot set) and apparently intends to press the issue then.
Reports on Adoula'scabinet reshuffle indicate he intends to try to maintain the somewhat uneasy alliancethe "moderates" and the Their only real bondommon desire lo gain control of Katanga. olid political or
base and has alwayscautiously against thelternating pressure and compromise. Gullloo believes Adoula is too astute to force awith them, particularlyTshombe la brought to heel.
Adoula was able to move against Gizenga because he wasrontal attach on tbelots"tbey are ln disarray and fighting amongresult ln their coalescence againsto* cabinet list drawn up as ofecember preserved the balance between the two groups, gave more even geographicalaad dispensed with some lesser "nationalists" and others regarded aa incompetent or as political liabilities.
Adoula Stated pubicly onanuary tbat Gizenga's vice-premiership was "open to aof Tshombe's party,on tbe outcome of thoof tho KatangaBesides tho premiership, Adoula now holds the Ministry of Defease, wblch bas ofton been
The Katanga Assemblyto stall ln Itson the Kltona agreement; Its "foreign affairs" committee has recorded sharp reservations on three basic points, and the "political committee" ls still considering tho accord. In
Leopoldvllle, the constitutional discussions are going sr*evhat better. In Initial meetings tbe three-man Katanga delegation has not strenuously objected to Leopnldvllle's draft, and spokos-mon for both sides have expressed optimismompromise can be worked out.
However, Mahmoud Khiari, UK chief of civil operations, told US officials ln New York recently that he believes the extent of Tshombe's agreement to the Kitoaa accord depends on what Tshnmb6 considers to beand that tho pressure must be maintained on the Katangan leader. He suggested further penetration by Leopoldvllle troops into northern Katanga and UK control of strategic points in southern Katanga,he said fighting was "not necessary or desirable."
ity if and incident's arerisoner exchange between the UN and Katanga was made onanuary. UN officialsare disturbed byreports of Katanganof mercenaries andof military equipment.
intends toerious talk' with Tshomb6 soon regarding mercenary problem.Original document.