Created: 2/26/1962

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MEMORANDUM FOR: The Director of Central Intelligence

THOUGHT: o the Level of Modemy Lieutenant-Qeneral of Aviation P. Dankevioh

erbatim translation of an article vhlch appeared In the TOP SECRET Special Collection of Artlclpa of the Journal "Militaryoyennayaublished by the Ministry of Defense, USSR, and distributed down to the level of Army Ccimmander.

In the interests of protecting our source, this material should be handledeed-to-know basis vithln your office. Requests for extra copies of this report or for utilization of any part of this document in any other form should be addressed to the originating office.

Richard Helms Deputy Director (Flans)



) Of)

country subject

MILITARY TKGUCHT: o the Level of Moderny Lieutenant-General of Aviation P. Dankevich



reliable source

Followingerbatim translation of an article titledo the Level of Modernritten by Lieutenant-Gene ral of Aviation P. Dankevich.

This article appeared in0 Third Issuepecial version of yoyenr.aya Mysl (Military Thought) which is classified TOP SECRET by the Soviets and is issued Irregularly. It is distributed within the Ministry of Defense down to the level of Army Commander. 0 Third Issue was sent for typesettingctoberP^'V-'.

Headquarters Comment: disseminated

cited on page 2RYM system mentioned

onhort-range navigation syatem.

Marshal of tha Soviet Union V. Chuykov's article le

extremely timely and possesses great significanceurther increase in the combat readiness of our troops. The author!'ans, both organizational and technical, are directed at the further improvement of the forces and means of military intelligence, and they deserve thorough study and rapid practical implementation.

The role of intelligence is understood by everyone; it is one of the basic types of combat and operational support of troops: Hovover, the lag in the development of the forces and means of Intelligence, in contrast to the uninterrupted Improvement of combat veapons, gives rise to apprehension and anxiety.

The Imperfection in tbe organizational structure of the organs of military Intelligence, as veil aa the weakness of their technical equipment, is correctly noted in the article.

Let us briefly consider the problems of aerialtouched on ln the article.

Under tha conditions of the high mahouverability of weapons of mass destruction and of troops In operational and tactical depth, and the dynamics of modern combat operations, aerial reconnaissance Is one of the basic types of intelligence. It Ib capable of observing large areas and obtaining the most reliable and docunentarlly supported Intelligence data on important enemy objectiveshort period of time.

1. Special Collection of Articles of the Journal "Militaryirst


In connection with the increased scope of tasks which are performed by aerial reconnaissance, and the difficulty of their fulfilment, we consider that marshal of the Soviet Union V. Chuykov is absolutely correct in suggesting that an air army (VA)ront have one regiment of operational and one regiment of tactical aerial reconnaissance. Furthermore, it is desirable that two squadrons in an operational reconnaissance regiment composed of three squadrons be equipped for night photo-reconnalsaance and Infrared photography, andegiment compoaed of two squadrons, that one of the squadrons be so equipped. Units of such an organization will be able to detect core reliably all onemy operations carried out during the hours of darkness.

For tbe immediate determination of the coordinates of mobile targets detected by aerial reconnaissance crews, the RTH system and direction-finding equipment must be widely used. It ia therefore desirable toircraft equipped with this system in the composition of an ORAP (separate reconnaissance aviation regiment) of operational reconnaissance.

For the support of combat operations of the alesa front, the ohlef of front artillery must havemeans at bia disposal, for example,fire adjusting reconnaissance aviation2uadroon)

There shouldingle photogrammetric center in the compositionegiment for the proceaelng and rectification of aerial photos and the determination from those photos of target coordinates. enter will be able to unite the photo specialists of the separatere-adjusting reconnaissance aviation regiment (otdelnyy korrektlrovochno-razvedyvatelnyy aviataionnyyba artillery photogrammetrlo batterlea, and also the specially trained officers from the topographic aervice of the military district. The photogramaetrlc center ia the final authority for the processing of photo documents and the issuance of target coordinates to the command.

Non-organic (neshtatnyy) reconnaissance aviation squadrons of air army air divisions will,ule, conduct aerial reconnaissance and re-reconnaissance in support of the combat operations of their own large units (soyedlnenlye).

The time Is quite ripe to pose the question of the transfer of the means of aerial radiotechnlcal reconnaissan from the composition of an air armyadiotechnlcal regiment of special designation (osoboyeubordinateront, in order to achieve centralization of control and clarity of purpose in ths organization and conduct of such reconnaissance.

Attention and support are deserving for the author's suggestion for the inclusion ln the compositionombined-arms and tank army of an organic regiment of tactical aerial reconnaissance consistingquadrons. In ouregiment should have one artillery fire-adjusting roconnaissance squadron armed with multi-place aircraft and helicopters for re-reconnaissance and fire adjustment for army missile artillery.

Tho availability to ground troop armies of their own organic means of aerial reconnaissance will increase the initiative of the commander and the staff of an army ln the organization and conduct of combat with the ecnay's nuclear weapons and will reduce the time needed for assignment of tasks and for the receipt of reconnaissance data from the crews of reconnaissance aircraft. In order to ensure the timely receipt of reconnaissance data from airborne aircraft (helicopters) and the control of crews in the air, the large units of ground troops oust have radio stations (receiving and transmitting) vith the necessary anti-Jamming features and range of operation (upm) .

In order to fulfil the entire scope of tasks assigned to reconnaissance aviation, the latter must not only be greater numerically In its composition, but lt must also be correspondingly better equipped technically.

A reduction in the combat strength of tbe aviationront, in our view, must not leadecreaaa in the number of reconnaissance aircraft until they are gradually replaced by pi lot less means of aerial reconnaissance.

Modern technical outfitting of the means of aerial reconnaissance is moat inadequate and obvloualy laga behind the development of combat weapons. The reconnaissance aircraft presently in use will not be able to provide the full scope of reconnaissance data to our missile and aviation units.

For the successful conduct of aerial reconnaissance, special reconnaiasance aircraft are needed, capable of conducting observation from various altitudeseters up toom) andreat range of speeds (up00 km/hour) and sufficient range and duration of flight. It la perfectly obvious tbat such aircraft must have improved flight and ground technical equipment, enabling them to conduct reconnalaaance and photography by day and night from any altitude, to conduct television and radiotechnlcal reconnalaaance, and to rapidly transmit data on the enemy with the use of automatic coding and secure transmission apparatus.

A no-leas-important element of strengthening the organs of military Intelligence is the training and retention at all echelons of intelligence officer cadres and their acquisition of experience In the organization and conduct of reconnaiasance, especially of the weapons of nuclear attack. It la also very Important to take atock in peacetime of targets detected on the territory of ths probable enemies.

Concerning the urgent necessity for the creation in our armed forces of more sophisticated means ofumber of articlea have been published in the military press and many proposals have been put forth at military-scientific conferences; however, the accomplishment of this most Important task is moving very slowly.


urgent execution of measures directed at the improvement of the organizational structure of military intelligencehole, Including aerial reconnaissance, and the marked improvement of technical equipment of tho meana of reconnaissance, undoubtedly will permit the elimination of the lag in the capabilities of intelligence in contrast to the rapid development of combat veapona, and will fully support the combat operations of our troops.

Original document.

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