CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY: CONGO

Created: 7/20/1962

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

Current Intelligence Weekly Summary

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APPROVID FOR RELEASE1

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFKE Of CURRENT INTEUIGENCE

SECRET

(S)

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

CONGO

that Congolese TTemier^Adoula's failure onul* to obtain absolute parliamentaryfor bis reorganisedshowed "an embarraaalng and uneapectedut does not point to bis early fall. Ills opponents marshaledotos against blm In the lower hnuso, and theavorable votes fell nine short of the absolute majority specified In the basic law. in the Senate, no formal vote waa taken because tbewalked out. Adoula contends that no moreimple majority was required ln either house, since he was only reshuffling his government.

The presidents of theand the Senate declared on uly that the new Adoula government was legally ln Tbe opponents,charge that the Adoula government no longeregal basis, and have petitionedKasavubu toew premier. Adoula is expected to move quickly to recess parliament

Adoula's varied opponents are stronger and betterbut are still bound together only by the negative aim of overturning the government. They range from tbe Gizenglsts and Lumrumblsts--led by Chrls-tophe Gbenye, one of two vice premiers removed byTshombe's Conakat party depu-

ports tha^tneoppos^non,by Its show of strength, now is building Its hopes around the other ousted vice premier, Jeaneader in Equateur Province. Both Gbenye and Bollkango have reportedly seat delegations to ask Tshombe for more help, among their complaints against Adoula ls their charge that he has placed the Congo under US tutelage.

The consolidation of forces against Adoula stems mainly from his failure to open Katanga's rich mining coffers to the rest of the Congo. No progress on Katanga's reintegration has been made since the Adoula-Tshombe talks ended onune. Adoula's position appears ln fact to have hardoned. Ho has flatly stated be will not appoint themembers to the Jointagreed to by the two leaders, or resume talks until Tshombe gives positive assurances that be Intends to reintegrate. Adoula seems increasinglythat further negotiations with Tshombe are hopeless and that force is the only feasible answer.

Tension in Ellsabethvllle Is again high, with all thepresenterious clash. Katangan military forces no* Inelude anuropean aercenarlea, an^Wjcrease

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bers of thi Vrcneh Secret Army in Algeria account for much of tbe lnorease. atangan troops into Ellsabethvllle toKatangan "Independence" onuly so Irritated UN officials that theyoadblock oa the only main route remelnlng open into the city. Katangan forces, In turn, erected an opposing barrier.

Scattered firing hasand onuly anorganized mob of Katangan women attacked the Indian-manned UN roadblock with sticks, stones, and brush fires, and denounred the US as well as tho UN. Both sides have strengthened their barricades, and tbe UN ls

einforcements

from Leopoldville.

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