Intelligence Weekly Summary
APPROVED FOR RELEASEATE: III L
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE
current INTELi/gEKCE WEEKLY SIWV.ARY
maneuvering In the Congo Is centering on tbe constitution being drafted by UN experts in Leopoldville. Tshombe ia still demanding that tho UN experts consult with him before completing their draft. Re has repeatedly insisted that his agreement on tbe wbole range of issues Involved in the UN conciliation plan hinges ononstitution that would provide for ameasure of provincial autonomy.
Adoula, still plaguod by fears that any such special consideration of Katangan views would further weaken bis own political position, Isin his refusal to allow the experts to confer with Tshombd. Belgian Foreign Minister Spaak has warned that If Adoula sticks to thisTshombe willlausible excuse to refuse to move ahead on financial and military integration.
Even should Adoula reach agreement with Tshombe on tbe constitution, lt is becoming Increasingly clear that the premierritical tost if and when ha presents the document to parliament. old party has come out against both the UN plan and the concept of aalong federalTshombe's requirement.
The Congo's presentwo-thirds vote toewboth onbola and on each of Its articles. The draft containsrticles,parliament last met in July, the Lunumblsts, Tshombe's
Conakat party, and otherwere able to block Adoula from winningajority of tbe total scats for his reorganised government.
Tshombe, meanwhile, has appointed his representatives to three Jointe-Katanga cornlsslons. and meetings have begun. However, be has already charged that tbe UN experts are not acting aaand several reportsthat Katangan opponents of rocnnclllet Ion are pressuring Tsbow.be to go alow. Katanganminister Kimba has atated that Katanga did not agreeS0 sp'it of Its revenues, and that lt could surrender to the central government only the foreign exchange not needed in Katanga- Be aald also that Katangan representatives on the military commission were balking. Such statements do not suggest an easy solution of the issues involved.
UN officials in New York ars beginning to express possi-mism that Tshowlio willthe UN plan unless he is pressured to dn so. Adoula remains highly skeptical the UN will evar be able to bring Tshombd around.
Military movements and fighting in northern Katanga have been limited, but tbethere may be building uperious outbreak. There is evidence that Tshombe's forces are growing. He la bellovod to havooten aircraft to hie air arm, and the Katangan forces nowtrength0 men. Three additional battalions have been identified, and other units strengthened. jBHCRET VP KonH Hlff
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