CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY: CONGO

Created: 9/7/1962

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

SECRET

Fib HI) FinnSI

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

CONGO

eptember stated that the UN-sponsored plan for Congo unification "constituted ths basis of as acceptable settlement." His language made It clear that he envisages furtherhowever, and suggests that be willransition period for tbe specific steps toward Katanga's reintegration. While acknowledging that Katanga' desireeneralof the Congo required that his government makeshombe indicated tbat bis statement was being made under US and UN pressure, and charged tbat the UN plan constituted ln "exclusively internal Congo problems."

Tshombe specificallyprovisionaharing of Katangan mining revenues with the central government, and forilitary commission toKatangan forces with those of the Congo National Army (ANC). He againhowever, that the "most lmportsnt objective" was tbe establishment ot afederal" constitution, which suggests that he may sot thisrerequisite tothe other steps. Hothat Katangaoice lnonstitution and ln financial arrangements, and called upon the western powers to guarantee that the UN plan would be equitably applied.

ii regards

i Tshombe^^rSsp"JffleTs^Tne nOSt forthcoming yet, but notes that he obviously hopes to draw out new negotiations in order to weaken the position or the UN

[and Congolese Premier Adoula.

The UN Secretariat in New York ls proceeding on tbe basis that Tshombe has In factthe UN plan and is planning to move ahead on Chief UN Gardiner insaid he was going to "grasp the little that is good" and act as if Tshombd meant business. Tshombe's qualified response has been received with suspicion in Leopoldville and, ln the light of his pastin dealing with Tshombe, Adoula can be expected to be extremely cautious,

Otber difficulties may slow implementation or the UN plan. Anli-Tshorabc sentiment and increasing indiscipline are reported widespread in tbe Katangan forcesesult of their proposed Integration with the ANC. Thc Katangan government

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMKARV

furious over tha incorporation of an ANC battalion into tho UN forcen in Katanga. Katangan FJnance Minister Ubwo told ^kWf

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lap]ostentation of the UN plan until some action were taken to withdraw the battalion. During the past week. Katangan forces and officials vere harassing UM civilians and troops ln and around Ellsabethvllle. Katangan authorities continued to hold up UN supplies coming in through the nhodeslas.

Meanwhile sporadicbetween Congolese and Katangan forces continues in northern Katanga. There are indications that Tshombe plans toajor issue of Leopoldville's attempts toeparate province

there.

i'shombe" was not reconciledeparate northern Katanga province and was consideringeferendum.

In Leopoldville, pressure is still mounting for theof the imprisoned leftist Stanleyville leader, Antoine Glzenga. mssammmmmmsBj^aaaaamaaaal Adoula is wobbling and that, if the UK plan falls, Glzenga

will re-emergeajorfigure. Glr.enga's release ls being pushed by powerful Interior Minister Kamltatu and by Gulnean Ambassador Dlsllo. There appears to be some plan afoot under which Gixenga would be released on condition that he livetbe Congohile and that he not engage in

7 Sept 62

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