CIWR: THE BRAZILIAN ELECTIONS

Created: 10/5/1962

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5 October'opy N

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Intelligence vVeekly Review

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CURBED INTELLIGENCE WEEKLYQnlnbar iifi?

THF BRAZILIAN 21

At atake in tha national suctionsctober areovernorships. two thirds of the Senatend allaaata ln the Cbaeber of Deputies, as sell aa anumber of leaeer state offlcea. The gubernatorial conteste are probably the aost Important. Governors la Brasll have much Independent authority. Including that of negotiating vith bloc governments for economic aid. Indications are that aa many as seven governorships could be won byS candidates.

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CXRRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW

THE BRAZILIAN ELECTIONS

stake in the national elections scheduled for 7ln Brazilwo thirds of the Senate seats, andteats in the Chamber of Deputies, as wellonsiderable number of lesser state offices.

The gubernatorial contests are probably the most important. Governors ln Brazil haveindependent authority. Including that of negotiating with bloc governments foraid. preliminary indications are that as many as sevencould be won by anti-US candidates.

largely because of effective opposition from local business and Catholic Church lesdere, who have emphasized hisconnect ions. Inrevelations ofand inefficiency ln Arraes' administration as mayor have impaired his appeal aa an administrator. Tbis race is nevertheless expected to be close.

In Sao Paulo, formerJanio Quadros lahree-way contest

The three most significant of the gubernatorial contests are probably those ia Pernambuco, tbe moat important state ia Brazil's impoverished northeast; in Sao Paulo, the industrial heart of Brazil; and In Bio Grande do bill, which is the borne eteto of leftist President Goulart and ofntl-US brother-lnJias, leuneT Brizols, Lhc incumbent govornor.

Tee governor, who ad himself under Brazilian law, has campaigned wholeheartedly for his protege, but Quadros and the machine politician, Adheaar de Barros, apparently have an edge. The Communists are not supporting any of the three candidates, although Quadros has veered to the loft in tbe past year and evidenced hostility to the OS during his period as

Pernambuco,Miguel Arraes, wbo is welt liked and la just finishing bis term aa mayor of the statels running againstJao Cloophas. Early straw polls Indicated tbatercent of the voters favored Arraesovor Cleophas, wbo is closolyassociated with unpopular sugar interests long dominant ln tbe state's economy. Arraes* campaign has since run into difficulties

In Rio Grande do Sul, there arc three important candidates all of whom are morethan Incumbent Governor Brlzola. ictory for Egldlo Hlchaelson, candidate of Goulart's Labor Party, would strengthen Goulart and enhance the reputation of Brlzola. It now aeemn likely that Mlchael-soa may be defeated eitherolorless conservative namedor by Goulart's

CURRENT IhTELLIGENCS WEEKLY REVIEW

onemy, leftistFernando Perrari.

Candidates of the extreme left appear to have ait even chance in Rio do Janeiro State and Sergipe. Their prospects seem poorer in Dahai and Ceara. In the remaining fourcontests, all thecandidates appear friendly to the

Leftists are expected toe> gains ln elections for tbe Senate. Inftates, all leading candidates arer connervativ<'n, Only piaui--poorest of allRio de Janeiro are likely to electoillionaire industrialist associated with pro-Communist Arraesair chance of success, while crypto-Communist Djalaa Haranhao. mayor of Metal, could win an upset victory.

In tho Chamber ofoxtreme leftist* are expected to Increase their strength froaercent ln the prenent bodyercent In the now Chamber. Two of the contests have particular interest. Leonel Brizola, who is seeking of the leftist ultrnnational-lsts. la running for federal

deputy from Guanabara, and la seemingly certain to win heavily Peasant League lander Francisco Juliao Is running for federal deputy from Pernambuco. He la not considered an effective political figure and, should be win, bis victory could be attributed to the volume of publicity which has surrounded tho northeast's Peasant Leagues in recent years, efeat for Juliao wouldonsiderable bloc to Coewmnist hopes oftheir influence in the rural area-. <il tho northeasti

Oct 62

REVIEW

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