CIWR: THE BRAZILIAN ELECTIONS

Created: 10/19/1962

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. jtelligence Weekly Review

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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELUGENCE

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW

THE BRAZILIAN ELECTIONS

rteturns from the election*ctoberthat extreae leftists lave made slight gains while tbe majority of positions in congress and In tha states re-aaln In tbe hands of moderates and conservatives. Returns are almost complete for the gubernatorial races in southern Brazil, but are stillfor other contests.

In 8ao Paulo machineAdbemar dewhose campaign emphasized bis anti-Communlat position, eonizable margin over erratic former President Janlo Quadros. Moderate Bonifacio Noguelra, protegA of the capable trailed badly. Thetends to strengthenformer President Kubltachek.openly supported Adbemar. Leftist President Goulart tended to support Koguelra but warn primarily Interested In thoof Quadros, whose rivalry ho foared.

In Goulart's home state of Rio Grande do Sul.lido Meneghettl wonmall margin over Goulart's candidate. The electionopposition to Goulart's ultranatlonalist brother-in-law, outgoing Governor Leonel Brizola.

Ooulart's major victory thus far in the elections la le Guanabara. There, supporters of Goulart outvoted those of his bitter enemy. Incumbent Governor Carlos Lacerda, in tbe races for the vice governorship andenate seat which most Brazilian observers had coo-ceded to moderate outgoing Bahla Governor Magalhaoe. In Brazil candidates are not bound by state residence requirements. Inthe number of pro-Goulart federal deputies Increased from one third to one half ofdelegation. Leonel Brizola, woo seeks national leadership of leftist nationalist forces,eputy's seat by an unusually large margin of votes. Communist Party central committee member Marco Antonio Coelbo will alsoember of the delegation. _

Fellow-traveler Badger Silvelra, who won thoof neighboring Rio de Janeiro State,ember of Goulart's Labor Party and would support leftist moves by tbe federal administration.

In the key northeastern state of Pernambuco, conserva-

tive Cleopbas is leading pro-Communist Arraes but voting trends Indicate that either candidate could winmall margin. In tbe event of athe victor wouldnot be known for months.

In the Senate elections, the winners off theeats at stake now are known. Or these,re centrists or conservatives, two aretwo are Communist fellow-travelers, and two are leftist ultranatlonallets. Othersbe readily classified, including, for example,industrialist Ermlrlo de Moraes, who helped finance the pro-Communist gubernatorial candidate In Pernambuco. The outgoing senators Included only one leftist ultranatlonalist and no Communists or fellow-travelers.

Returns in federal deputy races are not yet available forstates.

Oct 62

REVIEW

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