Intelligence Weekly Review
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At stake In the national electionsctober are It governorships, two thirds of the Senate seats, andeats In the Chamber of Deputies, as well as aitusber of lesser state offices. The gubernatorial contests arc probably the most important. Governors in Brazil have much Independent authority, including that of
CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW
THE BRAZILIAN ELECTIONS
stake in the national elections scheduled for 7in Brazilblrds of tbe Senate seats, andeats in the Chamber of Deputies, as wellonsiderable nunber of lesser state offices.
Tbe gubernatorial contests are probably the most Important. Governors In Brazil haveIndependent authority. Including that of negotiating with bloc governments foraid. Preliminary indications are that as many as sevencould be won by antl-OS candidates.
largely because of effective opposition from local business and Catholic Church leaders, who have emphasized hisconnections. Inrevelations ofand Inefficiency In Arraes1 administration as mayor have impaired his appeal as an administrator. This race Is nevertheless expected to be closo,
three most significant of the gubernatorial contests are probably those In Pernanbuco, the most Important state in Brazil's Impoverished northeast; in Sao Paulo, tbe Industrial heart of Brazil; and in Bio Grande do 3ul, which is the home state of lef tistjresideot Goulart and ofntl-OSBrlzola. the Incumbent governor.
Brazilian law, has campaigned wholeheartedly for his protege, but Quadros and the machine politician, Adbemar de Barros, apparently have an edge. The Communists are not supporting any of the three candidates, although Quadros has veered to the left in the past year and evidenced hostility to the US during his period as.
Pernambuco,Miguel Arraes, who Is well liked and is just finishing his term as mayor of the stateis running againstJao Cleophas. Early straw polls Indicated thatercent of the voters favored Arraesover Cleophas, who is closelyassociated with unpopular sugar interests long dominant in the state's economy. Arraes' campaign has since run Into difficulties
in Rio Orando do Sul, there are three important candidates all of whom are morethan incumbent Governor Brlzola. ictory for Egidio Michaelson, candidate of Goulart's Labor Party, would strengthen Ooulaxt and enhance the reputation of Brlzola. It now seems likely thate- defeated either| conservative namedor by Goulart's
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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW
enemy, leftistFernando Ferrari.
Candidates of the extreme left appear to have an even chance In Rio de Janeiro State and Sergipe. Their prospects seem poorer in Dahal and Ceara. In the remaining fourcontests, all thecandidates appear friendly to the US.
Leftists are expected toew gains in elections for the Senate. Inftates, all leading candidates are centrists or conservatives. Onlyof allRio de Janeiro are likely to elect extremists. Inillionaire industrialist associated with pro-Comeninlst Arraesair chance of success, while crypto-Conmunlsl Djalma Maranhno, mayor of Natal, could win an upmot
In the Chamber or Deputios, extreme leftists are expected to Increase their strength fromercent In the present bodyercent in tbe new Chamber. Two of the conteate have particular Interest. Loonel Brizola. wno is seeking of the leftist ultranatlonal-lute, le running for federal
deputy from Guanabara, and Is seemingly certain to win heavily. Peasant League leader Francisco Juliao Is running for federal deputy from Pernambuco. Re isconsidered an effective political figure and, should he win, bla victory could be attributed to the volume of publicity which ham surrounded tbe northeast's Peasant Leagues Id recent years. efeat for Juliao wouldonsiderable bloc to Communist hopes oftheir Influence in the rural area* of the northeast.