CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY: CONGOLESE GOVERNMENT MOVES TO REINTEGRATE

Created: 2/8/1963

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^Current Intelligence Weekly Summary

NO. 81

OCI NO.3

A^PBOVIO FOB RflEASE

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

CONGOLESE GOVERNMENT MOVES TO REINTEGRATE KATANGA

Congolese centralauthority in Katangalowly but ateadlly increasing. Prenlerinister realdent, Joseph Ileo, has establishedgovernment control over the Katangan police, custoaa and im-nlgratlon, and the Katangan banks. UN and Leopoldville authorities havearge portion of the money takon from the former Katangan National Bank, the Katanga franc Is being replaced with tho Congo franc, and Union Mlnlere baa begun making foreign exchangeto the Monetary Council In Leopoldville.

Steps are also being taken to demobilise and Integrate tbearmed forces. Tbe Katangan cost-mander, Ginir.il Muke, and f his officers have gone to Leopoldville and taken an oath of allegiance to th* central government. Joint UN-Congolese teams have beenthroughout Katanga to register Katangan soldiers who want to join the Congo National Army (ANC). Registrations have been coning in slowly, however, and Leopoldville does not Intend to take morearefully screened soldiers In any event. Katangan gendarmes who do not register and are later found with arms mill be prosecuted.

To assist in tbls program, and toirmer grip on the province, Leopoldville continues to push hard to get more ANC troops into South Katanga. Adoula, Ileo, and General Mobutu are increasingly irritated over UN realstance to bringing sore ANC troops to Katanga outside the UN command framework. Adoula and Mobutu want to bring in three battalions and Insist that ANC forces remain under ANC coaaaand. If tbls problem is not resolved soon, Ileo says he will go to Leopoldville "to straighten it out."

ebruary Molas Tshombe announced publicly thatof Katanga bad been completed, at least from his side, and left Elisabethvllle forhodesia for eye treatment. Re may continue on to Europe. Valla be may have decided, in view of

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8 Febis uncertain future, to go into voluntary exile, lt is doubtful that be has yet given up tbe idea ofolitical role la the Congo. Re has left former foreign minister Kimba in charge.

Tho future role of Tshombe and bis government continues toively issue. Baluba tribal leaders, who were first seeking Tshombe's overthrow, now appear to be willing for him toas provincial presidentoalition governmentBslubas. They continue to presseunited Katanga, eliminating the North and South Katanga provinces created by Leopoldville last July, Voices are still being raised inhowever,eunified province and against Tshombe's remaining lo power.

Interior Minister Kamltatu ia particular In suspicious of the Baluba maneuvers;eunified Katanga would dominate the rest of the Congo and sow the seedsuture secession. Opposition leaders are criticizing Adoula for retaining Tshombe in office. Former Congolese Vice Premier Crlstopheeader of the Lumumblst party, complained to US officials recently that the UN was maintaining Tshombe in power. If tbe Lumunbists had liberated Katanga, Gbenye said, Tshombe and bis gang would be In Jail now. Both Gbenye and Joseph Kaaongo, another Lumumblst leader, charged that Ileocollaborator" of

Tshombe's.

In the area of Leopoldville' domestic politics, Adoula la reported to have "definitely" decided to reconvene Parliamentarcoonstituent and Is again tbinklngsweeping" reshuffle of bis govornment. Either move would give new opportunities for his opponents to attack him. Tbe Lunuablsts have aald that they intend to do so unless they are Included In the government.lllll

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