CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY: DEVELOPMENTS IN THE CONGO

Created: 2/1/1963

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Current Intelligence Weekly Summary

APPROVED IOR RELEASE DATE Jill 7IIC

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF CURRENT INTEUIGENCE

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

DEVELOPMENTS IN THE CONGO

lino, tho Congolese Government's recently appointed minister-resident In Katanga, has begun what may prove toong and difficult period of reintegrating the province. He has privately described hie mission as ono of an executor of integration. While he haa begun talks with Tshombd, Ileo bas made it clear tbat be does not intend to get bogged down in Involved negotiations with the Katangan leador. He said soon after hla arrival ho would not tolerate Katangan obstruc-tioalet tactica, ande ordered the arrest of directors of the former Katangan National Bank who had beennot to divulgeon the bank's operations.

Ileo does not intend to adhere to the letterhant's reintegration plan, according to several sources. He is said to feel it has been "overtaken by events."

Leopoldvllle appears at least temporarily to have dropped the Idea ofpecial session of the combined North-South Katanga Assemblyeans of ousting Tshombe, or reshuffling hie government. Ileo baa said thatove would be illegal, since North Katanga has been eatablished by the Congolese Parliament an aprovince and thla situation could be changed only by new parliamentary action. Adoula may be waiting to establish a

firmer grip on tho province before moving against Tshonhd.

Anti-Tsboabd Baluba tribal pressuresombined session remain strong, however. Bert in Nwamba, president of theChamber of Deputies,that North Katanga is too poor to get along on its own. He apparently is willing to let Tshombe* remain, but wanta to oust some of his ministers. On the other hand Isaac Kalonjl.of the Congolese Senate, opposes reunification of Katanga, even though he wants to oust Tshombd.

The behavior of central government officials inhas alarmed both UN and Belgian officiate. UN officials are trying to rein ia Leopold-villa's politicians and to limit the number of the carpetbagger hordo until tho detailed work of reintegration la completed. Foreign Minister Spaak says be fears that replacing Tshombd would provoke tribal outbreaks and violence, although he says Brussels is not seeking to retain Tshombd "in perpetuity."

Leopoldvllle is continuing to press for tbs introduction of more Congo National Army (ANC) troops Into South Katanga. Ileo and General Mobutu have succeeded in persuading UNto permit ANC soldiers to patrol with UN troops In Elisa-bethvllle, and they now arefor the extension of nixed

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CURRENT INTBLUGBNCE WEEKLY SUMMARY

to tbe key mining town of JadotvlUe, Kolwezl.and Ki-pusbl. Mobutu wants to send another ANC battalion to Klisa-bethvlllo. and one each to Jadotvllle and Kolwexl. tJIf offl-olals, although fearful of the European reaction, navoagreed to the gradual introduction of three or fourANC battalions.

Tshonbd has moved quickly to reassumo bis auntie ofprovincial president. He haseries of cabinet meetings, has toured the African communes of Ellsabethvlllethat he is the sole authority In Katanga,sually reliable source, called In selected men-bers of the Katanga Assembly to remind them be is the legally elected president and to warn them to remain loyal. etter to Adoula onanuary be asked what the exact functions of Ileo were. Tshombe* aald tbat neither he nor his government

wanted any "conflicts ofto arise.

The central thread running through Tshombd's set ions since his return le strict application of the TJ Thant plan. He has now offered to send his officers to Leopoldvllle to take an oath of allegiance as provided in tbe plan. He protested to the US consul onanuary tbat the takeover of Ihe Katangan banks wan not consonant with the UN plan, and several times repeated that either the plan abould be applied as written orshould declare it null and void.

Tbe Katangan leader now is seeking to involve the UN In resolving hla differences with Leopoldrille. Ooanuary he asked Thant topecial UN representative to settle "certain problems" which had arisen "in application of youro rnrtNinii iiiggriij

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