CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW: CONGOLESE GOVERNMENT MOVES TO REINTEGRATE K

Created: 2/8/1963

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Intelligence Weekly Review

AfPIOVIl fOlllLLUE DBI1IUUIB8

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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OFFICE OF CURRENT INTEllrGENCE

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEt

CONGOLESE GOVERNMENT MOVES TO REINTEGRATE KATANGA

Congolese central govern-ment's authority In Katanga Ik slowly but steadily increasing. Premier Adoula's minister resident, Joseph Ileo, haa establishedgovernment control over the Katangan police, customs andand the Katangan banks, UN and Leopoldville authorities havearge portion of the money taken from the former Katangan National Bank, the Katanga franc is being replaced with the Congo franc, and Union Miniere has begun making foreign exchangeto the Monetary Council In Leopoldville.

Steps are also being taken to demobilize and integrate thearmed forces. The KatanganGeneral Uuke, andf his officers have gone to Leopoldville and taken an oath of allegiance to the central government, Joint UN-Congolese teams have boonthroughout Katanga to register Katangan soldiers who want to join the Congo National Army <AHC). Registrations have been coming in slowly, however, and Leopoldville does not Intend to take morearefully screened soldiers in any event. Katangan gendarmes who do not register and aro later found with arms will be prosecuted.

To assist In tbls program, and toirmer grip on the province, Leopoldville continues to push hard to get more ANC troops into South Katanga. Adoula, Ileo, and General Mobutu are increasingly irritated over UN resistance to bringing more ANC troops to Katanga outside the UN command framework. Adoula and Mobutu want to bring in three battalions and insist that ANC forces remain under ANC command. If this problem is not resolved soon, Ileo says he will go to Leopoldville "to straighten it out."

ebruary Moiso Tshombe announced publicly thatof Katanga had been completed, at least from his side, and left Elisabethvllle for Northern Rhodesia for eye treatment. He may continue on to Europe. While he may have decided, in view of

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his uncertain future, to go Into voluntary exile, lt Is doubtful that he has yet given up tho Idea ofolitical role In the Congo. Re has left former foreign minister Klmba In charge.

The future role of Tshombe and his government continues tolvoly issue. Baluba tribal leaders, who were first seeking Tshombe'a overthrow, now appear to be willing tor him toaa provincial presidentoalition governmentBa lubes. They continue to presseunited Katanga, eliminating the North and South Katanga provinces created by Leopoldvills last July, Voices are still being raised In Loo-poldvilln, however,eunified province and against Tshombe's remaining in power.

Interior Minister Kamltatu In particular is suspicious of the Baluba maneuvers;eunified Katanga would dominate the rest of the Congo and sow the seedsuture aecosslon. Opposition leaders are criticizing Adoula for retaining Tshombe In office. Former Congolese Vice Premier Cristopheeader of tbe Lumunbist party, complained to US officials recently that the UN was maintaining Tshombe in power, if the Lumumblsts had llbornted Katanga, Gbooye said, Tahombe and bis gang would be in jail now. Both Gbonyo and Joseph Xasongo, another Lumumblst leader, charged that ileocollaborator" of Tshombe'a.

In the area of Leopoldville' domestic polities, Adoula is reported to have "deflnltoly" decided to reconvene Parliamentarchonstituent and is again thinkingsweeping" reshuffle of his government. Either move would give new opportunities for bis opponents to attack him. The Lumumblsts have said that they intend to do so unless they are included in the government,

(BOB i 'v niiirif"?

IT DINAR

Feb 63

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