CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY: CONGOLESE GOVERNMENT MOVES TO REINTEGRATE

Created: 2/8/1963

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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Intelligence Weekly Summary

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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE MEEKLY SUMMARY

GOVERNMENT MOVES

The Congolese central govern-ment's authority In Katanga ia slowly but steadily Increasing. Premier Adoula's minister resident, Joseph Ileo, has establishedgovernment control over the Kstangan police, customs andand the Katangan banks. UK and Leopoldville authorities havearge portion ot the money taken from the former Kstangan National Bank, the Katanga franc is being replaced with tbe Congo franc, and Union Miniere has begun making foreign exchangeto the Monetary Council ln Laopoldvills.

Steps are also being taken to demobilize and Integrate tbearmed forces. Tbe KatanganGeneral Kuke, andf his officers have gone to Loopoldville sad taken an oath of allegiance to the central government. joint UN-Congolese teams have beenthroughout Katanga to register Katangan soldiers who want to Join the Congo National Aray (AKC). Registrations have been coming in slowly, however, and Leopoldville does not Intend to take morearefully screened soldiers ln sny event. Katangan gendarmes who do not register and are later found with arms will be prosecuted.

To assist in this program, and toirmer grip on the province, Leopoldville continues to push hard to get more ANC troops into South Katanga. Adoula, Ileo, and General Mobutu are Increasingly Irritated over UN resistance to bringing more ANC troops to Katanga outside the UN command framowork. Adoula and Mobutu want to bring la three battalions and insist that AKC forces remain under AKC command. If this problem ls not resolved soon, Ileo says he will go to Leopoldville "to straighten it out.'

ebruary Mo lee Tshombe

announced publicly thatof Katanga bad been completed, at least from his side, and left Ellsabethvllle forhodesia for eye treatment . Re aay continue on to Europe. Whilee aay have decided, in view of I

SEC

8 Feb 63

TO REINTEGRATE KATANGA

bis uncertain future, to go Into voluntary exile, lt ls doubtful that he has yet given up the Idea Ofolitical role In the Congo. He has left former foreign minister Ximbs ln charge.

The future role of Tshombe and his government continues toively issue. Baluba tribal leaders, who wore first seeking Tshombe's overthrow, now appear to be willing for him toas provincial presidentoalition governmentBalubas. They continue to presseunited Katanga, eliminating tho North and South Katanga provinces created by Leopoldville last July. Voices are still being raised inhowever,eunified province and against Tshombe's remaining ln power.

Interior Minister Kamltatu in particular Is suspicious of the Baluba maneuvers; he eunified Katanga would dominate the rest of the Congo and sow the seedsuture secession, opposition leaders are criticizing Adoula for retaining Tshombe ln office. Pormer Congolese Vice Premier Crlstopheeader of the Lumumblst party, coaplalned to US officials recently that the UK was maintaining Tshombe ln power. If the Luaumbists had liberated Katanga, Gbenye said, Tshombe and his gang would be in Jail now. Both Gbenye and Joseph Kasongo, another Lumumblst leader, charged that Ileo ls aof

Tshombe's.

In the area of Leopoldville' domestic politics, Adoula ls reported to have "definitely" decided to reconvene Parliamentarchonstituent and Is again thinkingsweeping" reshuffle of bis government. Blther move would give new opportunities for his opponents to attack bin. Tbe Lumumblsts have said that they intend to do so unless they are Included ln the government.

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