HORACIO JULIO ORNES COISCOU

Created: 1/2/1963

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INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Office of Current3

CURRENT INTELLIGENCE MEMORANDUM SUBJECT: Horacio Julio Ornes Coiscou

Nowears old, Ornes was8 serving as Chancellor in the Dominican Legation at San Jose, Costa Rica, when he was convicted in absentia by the Trujillo regime for crimes against tbe state. Ornes subsequently helped organize the Caribbean Legion, and reportedly was one of its best leaders. Hein8 revolution that brought Jose Figueres and the National Liberation party to power in Costa Rica.

9 he was captured after leading an abortive invasion of the Dominican Republic against the Trujillo dictatorship. He was released under Trujillo's amnesty0 after confessing his Dominicans who knew Ornes in exile generally regard him as an anti-Communist, but they do not trust him because of bis excessive political ambition, and because they think be renounced bis ideals aftercaptured by Trujillo.

During this period, however, Ornes was associatedime with Tulio Arvelohigh official, if not the actual leader of thePopular Socialist (Communist) party (PSPD)

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his enemies. 7 Ornes reportedly said he planned torip to Moscow "for his health." Ornes castigated the US when it appeared to support Trujillo and has praised the US when it appeared to be critical ol* the dictatorship.

Until the (all of the Trujillo regime, Ornes travelled extensively in the Caribbean area seeking support for his oppositionist activity. 6 be helped found tbe Dominican Revolutionary Vanguardn exile group with headquarters in Puerto Rico and with branches in other areas of tbe Caribbean. The VRD, commonly referred to as Vanguardla, has been described as anti-Communist, moderate, and national-istlc. Sine* becoming an official partyith Ornes as Its head, the Vanguardla has notonsistent political line. As the Vanguardia's nominee, Ornes last summer reportedly consideredoalitionandidate considered unsavory by many Dominicans because of his ties with the former dictatorship. Also during the summer, Ornes favored postponing elections until February or

In the last days of the recent election campaign, tbe Vanguardla threw Its support behind the winning presidential candidate, Juan Bosch, and bis Dominican Revolutionary party (PRD). Outotalallots reportedly cast, tbe Vanguardla receivedotal exceeded by four other losing parties.

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