THE UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC MISSILE PROGRAM

Created: 2/26/1963

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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Scientific Intelligence Memorandum

THE UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC MISSILE PROGRAM

NOTICE

The brief estimate contained herein on the salient features of this developing situation represents the immediate views of the Office of Scientific Intelligence.

63

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE

PREFACE

The existencenited Arab Republic (UAR) program for the development of surface-to-surface ballistic missiles utilizing Western European tech-nicians has been suspected for some

The UAR held demon-

strmtioo firing* io2 of two different types of rockets for the foreign press and displayed ten of each type in the streets of Cairo. In this intelligence memo randum, the details of these developments have been summarized.

This Scientific Intelligence Memorandum is oased on available information on the status of these various programs as Throughout this paper the terms United Arab Republic and Egypt are used interchangeably.

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CONTENTS

Page

PREFACE

Preliminary Rocketry

Development Under German

2

Purchase of U. S. Sounding

5

Surface-to-Surface 5

The Conqueror (Al 6

The Victor (Al 8

Surface-to-Air

Air-to-Surface

Air-to-Air

Missile Testt.

FIGURES

Foliowing Page

Arab Republic

Missile 2

French Veronique

4

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(Continued)

Following Page

Photograph

Photograph

Drawing

Graph

9. Drawing

Photograph

Map

U.S. ROCMIZ IV

Sounding Rocket (Javelin/

6

KOMAR-ClassPatrol

UAR Missile Transport Equipment carrying Conqueror Missilei

10

Soviet GUIDELINE Missilend Transporters. .

Possible Missile

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THE UNITED ARAB REPU3LIC MISSILE PROGRAM

PROBLEM

To assess the missile program of the United Arab Republic.

CONCLUSIONS

he two types of rockets demonstrated to the press by the UAR on2 were sounding rockets developed in Egypt by West German

SE

he UAR is believed to be attempting to convert the larger sounding rocket, the Conqueror,urface-to-surface missile. 1

3. maller rocket, the Victor,acsimile of Che French sounding racket Veroaique. Both were designed by the same German scientist. /

DISCUSSION

Preliminary Rocketry Program

The United Arab Republic has shown an intense interest in acquiring guided missiles since World War II and has approached most of the missile-producing nations of the world on this matter at one time or another. The UAR approach has included outright purchase, licensed manufacture in Egypt, and the recruitment of Western European technicians to develop rockets of relatively unique design. ummarizes the major milestones leadingnited Arab Republic missile capability.

In connection with the week-long celebrations ofh anniversary of the Egyptian revolution onhe UAR displayed missiles of two different sizes as evidence of the country's scientific and technological achievement. The larger missile is called Al Kaherand the smaller is called Al Zafer (Victor). Ten each of these missiles were paraded through the streets of

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Cairo. Two days before the parade, the press witnessedistance the firing of four missilesite in the desert someiles northwest of Cairo. The UAR stated that two each of the parade missiles had been fired.

Development Ur.der Germanhe two UAR missiles displayed in the parade are the resultevelopment program which had its beginnings in0 when the Egyptians approached the internationally known Dr. Eugen Saenger. Director of the Institute for the Physics of Jet Propulsion in Stuttgart. West Germany. According to Saenger. the Egyptians obtained advicethe developmenteteorological rocket for prestige purposes in view of Israeli work in the tame field. Saenger and some of his associates undertook to assist the UAR in the developmentounding rocket based on the French Veronique. Prominent among thesewere Dip. Eng. Wolfgang Pilz and Prof. Dip, ting. Paul Gocrcke. Both Pilz and Goercke had worked At Peenemucde during World War II. Following the War, Pile went to France and was employed by the Aerodynamics and Ballistics Research Institute at Vernon where hethe Veronique, firsturface-to-air unguided rocket and latereteorological sounding rocket Pilz and Goercke had been recruited by Saenger8 for work al the Institute in Stuttgart. aenger had been approached by the Egyptians concerning development of missiles in Egypt but had refused because

of his dislike of another German, Rolf Engel, who was

technical director of the project.

Surface-io-Surface Missiles

"The USSR is supplying tactical naval missiles to the UAR. Three KOMAR-class patrol boats armed with cruise missiles arrived The cruise missile involvedhort5 NM) vehicle, two of which are provided as KOMAR missile armament"

The missilesthe parade were transportedpodge of standard commerical vehicles of both Soviet am West German orgin

The Conqueror (Al Kahcr)he Conqueroringle-stage liquid-fueledeet long,ankage diameter of4 feet andlight Care at the rear of tbe engine compartment. The rocket motor utilizes nitric acid as its oxidizer and turpentine as the fuel, ll is reported by Saenger toton thrust (sea level)ingle combustion chamber. No pumps or turbines are required aa the system is pressure fed. Weight at launch isons of which seven are fuel and oxidizer. At least the tankage was fabricated in West Germany

The original concept waswo-stagecapable ofpound payload toiles. The Conqueror represents the first stagesystem.

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CONFiUel^lSL

Nasser and other Zgyptian officials have alluded to the use of the Conquerorilitary weapons system.

Photographs of the firings of the conqueror onjuiy show it to have rather large fins, such as would beto stabilize an unguided rocket. However, the version of the Conqueror displayed in the parade oauly has comparatively small fins and exhibits four jet vanes directly to the rear of the rocket motor similar to those utilized with theehicle. |

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The Victor The Victoringle-stage liquid-fueled sounding rocket whose critical external dimensions correspond quite closely with those of the French Veronique sounding rocket The Veronique was conceived in thes as an unguided surface-to-air rocket at the Aerodynamics and Ballistics Research Laboratory at Vernon, France, by an ex-member of the Peenemunde staff. Dip. Eng. Wolfgang Pilz. Because of its inability to engage supersonic targets, it was adapted by Pilzounding rocket, which is wire-guided during the first few seconds of its flight.

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Both the Kharga and the Bahariya oases are part of the New Valley Project, which has been publicized with programs to develop these desert areas into economically useful land. Vast areas have been surveyed in connection with this effort, and new unspecified industries introduced to the area. Publicity associated with this program hasto the establishmentharga workshop equipped with up-to-date machinery capable of undertakingand repair work, as well as the production of spare parts.

El-Kharga, the main center of the Kharga oasis, is connected with the Nile Valley (north of Naga-Hammadi)aililes long. The Kharga oasis is bordered on the south by huge sand dunes.

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