WEEKLY SUMMARY: PUBLIC ORER PROBLEMS STILL PLAGUE CONGO

Created: 9/20/1963

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opy No. 75

summary

OF CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

agency

SI

ORDKR PROBLEMS STILL PLAGUE CONGO

quorum of deputies aad senators has finally shown up in Leopoldvllle to enable the fall session of the Congolese Parliament to open. Premlor Adoula's opponents again elected their candidate for president of the lower bouse but did notlean sweep of all the lower house offices as they did in the spring session. Adoula's plan to restrict Parliament to constitution making has failed, and it seems certain that the legislators will also insist on "normalthe government.

Tshombr} meanwhile seems about to reappear ln the Congo limelight. At the moment he is still in Barcelona, butpersist that he will soon return to the Congo. The former Katangan leader has twiceto Adoula for abut to date the pre-mierhasnot replied. Adoula may actually favor Tshombe's return, but would probably prefer that he remain in exile at leastafter parliamentarynext spring.

Recent activities offormer Katangan gendnrmes and reportsew gathering of white mercenaries should give Adoula further reasons for Remnants of Tshombe'sonce numberedbeen reportedemiorganlzed state inozen places in Katanga,

as camped south of Ellsabethvllle near the Northern Rhodeslan border. Officials of the East Katanga provincial government say thereteady trickle of formor gendarmes from thoir jobs in Elisabethville back into the bush. UN officials are convlncod that fighting between the gendarmes and the Congo National Army ls likely when UN forces depart. The UN is not, however, planning any military operations against the gendarmerie groups.

The question of theprosence of UN forcos after December remains hant, anxious to disengage, insists that aUN force would haveen and would costillion annually. He feels such an operationbe supported and is beyond his terms of reference. US observersighlyforce half that size would suffice. There is considerable African support for theof retention of UN forces untilut Thant ls doubtful the necessary money can be voted. He has suggested that the solution might be for Leopoldvllle to obtain troops through bilateral arrangements, outside the UN framework, with Interested Western countries 'ins the bills.

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INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY SUMMARY Page 14

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