A CURRENT APPRAISAL OF THE ZANZIBAR SITUATION

Created: 3/30/1964

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LBJ LIBRARY

COUNTRY ZANZIBAR

Date OF JANUARYARCH4 QocumeDt-fP^ D ARCH4

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. THERE WERE TWO PARALLEL" AND SEPARATE REVOLTS _ THE JANUARY ZANZIBAR COUP. IN ONE GROUP, HANGA. BABU,ABDUL AZIZ ALI KHAMIS TV ALA, DKIDA, EW OTHER UMHA PARTY MEN WERE^ ORGANIZING ONE COUP. AT THE SAME TIME, EX-FIELD MARSHAL JOHN OKELLO HADEPARATE COUP WITHOUT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE HANGA/BABU GROUP.

2. PRESIDENT ABEID AM AN I KARUME OF THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF ZANZIBAR (PRZ) AND MINISTER OF HEALTH ABOUDWINYI WERE PROBABLY NOT AWARE OF EITHER COUP PLAN UNTIL THE LAST MINUTE. OTHMAS SHARIFF MUSA WAS ALSO NOT INVOLVED IN EITHER COUP. SHARIFF, EX-MINISTER OF EDUCATION, SUSPECTED THAT THE HANGA/BABU GROUP WERE UP TO SOMETHING FOR WHEN SHARIFF URGED FORMATIONOALITION GOVERNMENT COMPOSED OF THE ZANZIBAR

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PARTY (ZNP) AND. THE AFRO-SHIRAZI PARTY (ASP). SALEH SAADALLA AKIDA, WITH WHOM SHARIFP WORKED IN OPPOSING KARUME'S ASP LEADERSHIP, OPPOSED THIS ACTION AND PROMISED SHARIFF HE WOULDINISTER WITHIN ONE MONTH.

3. IF OKELLP HAD NOT STAGED HIS COUP, KARUME WOULD NOT BE PRESIDENT. FOR THE HANGA/BABU GROUP WERE OPPOSED TO KARUME. ALSO, THE GOVERNMENT OF TANGANYIKA (GOT) WAS "FED UP" WITH KARUME PRIOR TO THE COUP. TANGANYIKA MINISTER OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS AND DEFENSE.

OSCAR KAMBONA,WAS WORKING WITH THE HANGA/BABU GROUP. KENYA MINISTER

OF HOME AFFAIRS OGINGA OPINGA, TANGANYIKAN MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS

JOB LUSINDE, ANDWERE ALSO AWARE OF THE

COUP PLANS . KAMBONA SOUNDED OUT OTHilAN SHARIFF ABOUTAYS BEFORE THE COUP ON WHAT SHARIFF THOUGHT SHOULD BE DONE. AT THIS TIME SHARIFFOALITION GOVERNMENT FOR ZANZIBAR. LATER KAMBONA TOLD AN UNIDENTIFIED PERSON THAT SHARIFFOOL AND COULD NOT BE TOLD OF THE COUP.

4. ARMS FOR THE HANGA/BABU COUP GROUP WERE SHIPPEDANGANYIKA FROM ALGERIA. IN THE MEANTIME, HOWEVER, JOHN OKELLO

LED HIS COUP GROUP INTO ACTION', MAKING IT NECESSARY FOR THE HANGA/BABU GROUP TO JOIN OKELLO AND HIS FORCES.

5. MEMBERS OF THE HANGA/BABU GROUP WERE AT THE ISHAELI_EMBDAR ES SALAAM JUST PRIOR TO THE ZANZIBAR

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THABIT KOMBOJ GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE ASP, N'.GEJST,'zibar- his INFLUENCE AMONG THEHIS INFLUENCE OVER KARUME COULD EVEN RESULT IN HAVING BABUCOMMUNISTS ELEMENT OVERTHROWN.

THE NEW FIELD MARSHAL WHO REPLACED JOHN OKELLO^ YL'SUF HIMIDI . WHO IS NOT POLITICALLY BRIGHT, IS AN AVIDBL^ AND COULD BE COUNTED ON TO DEFEND KARUME'S INTERESTS. HIMIDI EN AT HIS DISPOSAL, "ANY OF WHOM ARE NOW DISARMED, BUT THE ARMS ARE HELD EPOT WHICH IS GUARDED BY MEN FROM HIS COMMAND. THESE GUARDS WERE SELECTED FOR THE JOB BY KARUME.

WHEREAS HIMIDI IS LOYAL TO KARUME , CHIEFR SECURITY POLICE ALI MAHFUDH MOHAMED IS JUST AS LOYAL TO BABU. MAHFVDH CONTROLS ILITARY POLICE. HIMIDIS FORCEEN.

HOWEVER, ORMIDABLE COUNTERBALANCE TO MAHFUDH'S MEN.

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