Created: 6/1/1993

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os 31


International Narcotics Review


Inproiiitg Con CutUialton

Enhancements in coca farming will also ladreater supply of cocaine. As law enforcement and eradication pressures mosint in traditional grow-ing areas ia Peru, Bolivia, and Cotombla and as older Adds there become svorn out and lest productive, grower* are moving to new areas, both within the traditional growingin Peru's Huallaga Valley have been moving in recent year, to the Aguaytsa Valley, for exarnpte-aad elsewhere, especially to Braail. Venezuda. and Ecuador.

Substituting bagher-yieldrng varieties of coca for low.yidding strains abo offers coca farmers room for growth. For cample, the cocained from the primary variety of coca grown in Colombia is much lower than that of coca varieties found in Peru and Bolivia. Bolivia has only aboutercent more area under cultivation than Colombia but produces four to seven limes mare cocaine. Cocaine growers could someday follow the decades-old lead of marijuana growers by embarkingrogram of sdective breeding to increase yieldg of cabling vanetics of ccca.p'


More effective ta* enforcement operatiom may serveatalyst for revolutionuins 'he cocaine industry as ttarfickers move to improve their production techniques lo compensate for cocaine lostaw enforcement successes. Trafickeo and growers probably have not yei fully exploited these opportunities because they have had few economic incentives to invest ia them-despite growing cocaine seizures, there is little evidence ihat trafficker) are having difficulty meeting US demand. I I


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