MISC RE READY TO RECONVENE PEACE NEGOTIATIONS

Created: 7/1/1993

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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REVOLUTIONARYIN ARMS (ORPA) memberARRIVEDON3 FOR the purpose OF passing theTO various popular ORGANIZATIONS AND PEACEhonsicnorTORUNO THAT ITTO reconvene PEACE negotiations WITH THE government

principal goals OF HOLINA'S VISIT. the first AND MOST IMPORTANT OBJECTIVE WAS TO SPEAK TO QUE2ADA AND RELAY the URNG HIGH command'S desire TO re-ENGAGE IN ihe PEACE negotiations WITH the GUATEMALAN GOVERNMENT as SOON AS POSSIBLE. MOLINA TOLD quezada THE URNG'S initiationnilateral cease-FIREIGN OF THE ORGANIZATION'S WILLINGNESS AND COMMITMENT TOEACE accord WITH THE new guatemalan government. molinaEETING WITH GUATEMALAN president rahiro

molina DID NOT SPEAK with MILITARY representatives. during the COURSE OF his STAY IN guatehala, MOLINA TOLD COLLEAGUES THE UKJIC LEADERSHIP WAS OF THE OPINION that IT would BE ABLE TO accelerate the SIGNINGuman RIGHTS ACCORD with de leon's GOVERNMENT.

^fc molina's SECOND GOAL while IN guatemala was TO generate SUPPORT FROM LEFTIST ORGANIZATIONS AND LABOR UNIONS TO PUT pressure ON_XHE guatemalan governmeht. aj'd the-hiliTARY-TO

((oBAMACAOlS

leadership'does tot'BELIEVE that:i

. third IN COMMAND OF orpa. his CAPTURE,

seriously: wuttwarrHE operations'asit"was j

forced TO "change SAFEHbUSES.'rTACTICS, 'AND XOHMUNICATIOjisIjteaderskit^BEI^

TftjTTLTrflfilXAk military, amd thus believe hetill alive?)

lastly, molina met with members of labor and civil organizations in which the urngecree of influence in an attempt to present the urng's position as less radical ano hore flexible than in the past. _molina described the urng as moving

tm^LM^ THE UP'IC LEADERSHIP BELIEVES NOBEL PEACE PRIZE RECIPIENTTUH RECEIVED NEGATIVE PRESS TREATMENT BECAUSE OF HER RADICAL AND SEEMINGLY OBSTRUCTIONIST STANCE DURING THE3 "AUTOCOLPE" AND ITS AFTERHATH.ESULT, THE URNG LEADERSHIP VIEWS HER POSITION WITHIN THE GUATEMALAN POPULAR MOVEMENT AS DIMINISHING.

JPJMfl| THE URNG DOES NOT WANT TO BE PERCEIVEDND VIEWS MENCHU'S DIMINISHING POPULARITY AS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE NATIONAL COORDINATOR OF WIDOWS OF GUATEMALAHE HUMAN RIGHTS MUTUAL SUPPORT CROUPHE LABOR UNION OF WORKERS OF GUATEMALAND THE LABOR AND POPULAR ACTION UNITY (UASP) TO CAIN IMPORTANCE IN THE CIVIL ARENA.

GUATEMALAN HILITARY HOLDS MEMBERS OF THE URNGYSTEM OF CLANDESTINE JAILS AND COERCES THEM TO WORK AGAINST GUATEMALAN GUERRILLAS.

TWO FORMER URNG MEMBERS, ALIASESA PEp^ROM^TliE^' WERERELATING SfftfiI

HELD IN

TWO

JP> IIM 1 IIIH illl Tl III IIIHIIIH II EFRATN "bAHITCT'WIVCSNDEST INTTp RX50N. THE ESCAPED URNG MEMBERSUMAN RIGHTS CONFERENCE IN GENEVA TO CONDEMN THE CLANDESTINE PRISONS.)

WEREORMER URNG MEMBERS CONTROLLEDSMALL PORTION OF THESE WERE

LEGITIMATE DEFECTORSTBUTlJB^ THE MAJORITY WERE URNG MEMBERS WHO WERE CAPTURED BY THE MILITARY, HELD IN CELLS ON HILITARY COMPOUNDS EXTRAJUDICIALLY, AND CONVINCED TOH THE HILITARY. BI THE MILITARY USED PHYSICAL COERCION AS PART OF THE PERSUASION PROCESS.

THE CAPTURED URNG MEHBERS WERE FORCED TO JOIN THE MILITARY AND WORK AGAINST THE URNC, UTILIZING ALL THE INFORMATION THEY POSSESSED ON THE ORGANIZATION AND ITS HEMBERS, FOR WHICH THEY WERE GIVEN "AMNESTY" FOR THEIR PREVIOUS ACTIVITIES WITH THE URNG.PJfgBgP^PJP^HHgHHpJPJT?IMMEDIATELY UPON CAPTURE, THE URNC MEMBERS ARE OFFICIALLY DOCUMENTED IN THE MILITARY AS ARHY VOLUNTEERS, THUS ENABLING THE ARMY TO HAVE "LEGAL AUTHORITY" FOR KEEPING THEM.

FORMER URNG MEMBERS HAVE BEEN "COOPERATING" WITH THE MILITARY FOR TEN TO FOURTEEN TEARS, WHILE OTHERS WERE ONLY CAPTURED IN THE LAST FEW YEARS.

OF MESSAGE

'THE CLANDESTINE DETENTION AND INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM HASAJOR PROJECT OF THE GUATEMALAN MILITARY COUNTER INSURCENCY EFFORT FOR MANY YEARS. WW

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