RE RELATIONS BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND GUATEMALA

Created: 11/1/1992

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

DENIED IN FULL

PAGES

DOCUMENT DATED2

4

Approved lor tteteasa

A MAJOR SOURCE OF THE CROWIHG DISCONTENT WITHIN THE ARMED

FORCES, ESPECIALLY IN THE HIGH COMMAND, IS WHAT MILITARY OFFICERS REGARD AS THE DETERIORATION IN RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATESND GUATEHALA. MOST SENIOR OFFICERS BELIEVE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES ARE AT THEIR LOWEST POINT INEARS FOLLOWING. GOVERNMENT'S ISSUANCEUGUSTOURIST VISA TO CRADE SCHOOL TEACHER'S ASSISTANT AND COMMON LAW WIFEIDLEVEL GUATEMALAN INSURCENT LEADERARCIA. (FIELD COMMENT: URRUTIA WAS KIDNAPPED ONUL! IN GUATEHALA CITY AND RELEASED SHORTLY THEREAFTER BY AN UNIDENTIFIED CROUP OF ARMED INDIVIDUALS. THE GUATEMALAN GOVERNMENT IDENTIFIES URRUTIAUERRILLA SYMPATHIZER AND ACTIVIST AND DISAVOWS ANY KNOWLEDGE OR RESPONSIBILITY FOR HER KIDNAPPING. URRUTIA, HOWEVER, CLAIMS SHE WAS ABDUCTED BY MEMBERS OF GOVERNMENT SECURITY FORCES.)

THE GUATEMALANS ALSO VIEW. EMBASSY IN MEXICO CITY'S ISSUANCEISA TOOLITICAL LEADER FOR THE GUERRILLA UMBRELLA ORGANIZATION GUATEMALAN NATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY UNION (UHNG) TO TRAVEL TO.ONFERENCE AS COMPARABLE TO. GOVERNMENT'S HARBORINGERRORIST. MOREOVER, SOKE SENIORMT OFFICERS BELIEVE. GOVERNMENT IS SUPPORTING EFFORTS TO IMPLICATE OR IDENTIFY GUATEMALAN ARMY OFFICERS AS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE0 MURDER Of GUATEMALAN ANTHROPOLOGIST MYtCHANG.

AT "nil: SAME TIHE THAT THE GUATEMALAN MILITARY PERCEIVES. AS HAVING TAKEN ACTIONS SYMPATHETIC TO THE GUATEMALAN GUERRILLAS, THEREERCEPTION. CRITICISM OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR ALLEGED HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IS UNJUST. THIS CRITICISM IS VIEWED AS COMINGIKE WHEN THE HUMAN RIGHTS PROBLEM IN GUATEMALA HAS IMPROVED MODERATELY; YET THE ARMY CONSIDERS ITSELF UNDER GREATER ATTACK THAN BEFORE. SENIOR GUATEMALAN ARMY OFFICERS FREQUENTLY ARE ANGERED BY THE PERCEIVED ATTITUDE. OFFICIALS THAT GOVERNMENT FORCES ARE ALWAYS GUILTY OF HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES EVEN BEFORE INVESTIGATIONS HAVE BEGUN. THE GUATEMALAN OFFIICIALS VIEW MOST OF THE ACCUSATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES AS LEFT 1ST-1HSPI RED PROPAGANDA WHICH COMES FROM PERSONS AFFILIATED WITH POLITICAL FRONT GROUPS FOR GUERRILLA ORGANIZATIONS. MILITARY OFFICERS ARE ANGRY THATOVERNMENT CONTINUES TO DENY KILITARY ASSISTANCE TO THEARMED FORCES BECAUSE OF ALLEGED HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS. THEYENERAL TREND THAT. ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE IS ERODING AND FORESEE LITTLE INCENTIVE TO ACCEPT ANY. GOVERNMENT PRESSURE TO INVESTIGATE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE ALLEGATIONS.

GUATEMALAN ARMY VIEWS ITSELF AS UNDER ATTACK NOT ONLY BY. GOVERNMENT AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RICHTS CROUPS BUT BY GUATEMALAN OFFICIALS AND POLITICIANS, AS HELL. JUNIOR OFFICERS, IN PARTICULAR, RESENT THE LOU SALARIES THEY EARN EVEN THOUGH THEY SACRIFICE THEIR LIVESEGULAR BASIS WHILE MEMBERS OF THE GUATEMALAN CONGRESS ARE PERCEIVED TO BE CORRUPT AND CONCERNED ONLY WITH PERSONAL FINANCIAL CAIN. (FIELD COMMENT: OFFICERS' MEDIAN SALARY IS0 PER MONTH, EQUIVALENT TO0 AT THE CURRENT EXCHANGE RATE. |f. IN COMPARISON, CONGRESSMENER MONTH, EQUIVALENT TO.0. SYMPATHY FO? THE GUERRILLAS, WHAT THE MILITARY SEES AS UNJUST CRITICISM BY. AND INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES, LOW SALARIES, AND UNCERTAINTIES OVER THE FUTURE ALL ARE CONTRIBUTING TO CROWING DISCONTENT WITHIN THE MILITARY OFFICER CORPS. MOREOVER, THE DEMOCRATIC PROCESS IS PERCEIVED AS NOT HAVING YIELDED ANY TANGIBLE BENEFITS TO THE MILITARY. FINALLY, THE ARMY PERCEIVES THAT VARIOUS SECTORS OF GUATEMALAN SOCIETY AND INTERNATIONAL CROUPS ARE TRYING TO DESTROY THE MILITARY AS AN INSTITUTION. WHILE THE MILITARY'S DISCONTENT HAS NOT YET RISENEVELOVE AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT BY THE MILITARY IS LIKELY, IF THE CAUSES OF THIS DISCONTENT ARE NOT ADDRESSED THE LIKELIHOODOUP ATTEMPT WILL INCREASE.

Original document.

Comment about this article or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA