SECURITY THREAT IN THE UPPER HUALLAGA VALLEY, PERU

Created: 5/14/1993

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

3

MEMORANDUM FOR: See Distribution

Threat in tha Upper Huallaga

valley, Peru (U)

The attached Intelligence Community assessment on tha aecurity threat in the Upper Huallaga Valley, Peru vaa prepared in raaponserug Enforcement Administration request.

The assessment was drafted by State/INR and coordinated by the DCI Countemarcotics Centar with representatives from the National Intelligence Council, CIA, DIA, NSA, DEA, and the DCI Counterterrorism Center.

Special Assistant to the DCI for Countemarcotics

Attachaenr

Downgrade to UNCLASSIFIED Upon Removal of Attachment

SEClOT/NOFORN/JfDCONTRACT/ORCON

NOFORN

NOCONTRACT WNINTEL

"PJfffJJ The Tupac AmaruMovement [Movimiento Revolucionario Tupacis an anti-imperialist, pro-Castro. Marxist-Leninist group that denounces US imperialism. Its objectives are to replace thoPeruvian Governmentuban model and to eliminate US commercial and governmental influences within Peru. The organization began operations4 and consists ofrmed combatants. In an attempt toitself from the random violence of Sendero Luminoso, the MRTA has limited its attacks to Peruvian Government and US targets, and avoids innocent Peruvians. Popular MRTA targets include US diplomatic and commercial facilities, police stations, and upper-class Peruvian businessesuxury hotels, casinos, boutiques,he organizationobin Hood image by fro-quenUy redistributing stolen food to Lima slum dwellers.

' (b) HUUH Unlike the SL. the MRTA has had relations with several foreign lerrorist/in-surgent groups, including the Movement of the Revolutionary Lett (known asde la Izquierda Itevolucionano) in Chile, the former

d.

19th of April Movement (known as theMovimientoe Abrift in Colombia, and tbe FSLN in Nicaragua. Additionally, both Libya and Cuba have provided training and support in the past

Threats to US Interests

lthough US presence isPeru is neverthelessigh threat area due to insurgent activities. Both the SL and tbe MRTA have targeted US personnel,L bombing of the US ambassador'sin Lima being the most recent. Therefore, diplomatic personnel and private US citizens, most of whom reside in Lima, could be targeted, direcdy or indirectly, by Peru's insurgent groups.

Outlook

SECRET

secret NOFORN NOCONTRACT WNINTEL

19th of April Movement (known as9

Movimientoo Abril) in Colombia, and the FSLN in Nicaragua. Additionally, both Libya and Cuba have provided training and support in the past

i ho Tupac AmaruMovement (Movimiento Revolucionario Tupacis an anti-imperialist,tro. Marxist-Leninist group that denounces US imperialism. Its objectives are to replace thePeruvian Governmentuban model and to eliminate US commercial and governmental influences within Peru. Tho organization began operations4 and consists ofrmed combatants. Id an attempt toitself from tlte random violence of Sendero Luminoso, the MRTA has limited its attacks to Peruvian Government and US targets, and avoids innocent Peruvians Popular MRTA targets include US diplomatic and commercial facilities, police stations, and upper-class Peruvian businessesuxury hotels, casinos, boutiques,he organizationobin Hood image byredistributing stolen Ibod to Lima slum dwellers.

jajfj Unlike the SL. the MRTA

lias bad relations with several foreigngroups, including the Movement of the Revolutionary Left (knownzqmerdo Revolucionario) in Chile, the former

lthough US presence isPeru is neverthelessigh threat area due lo insurgent activities. Both tho SL and tho MRTA hare targeted US personnel,L bombing of the US ambassador'sin Lima being the most recent. Therefore, diplomatic personnel and private US citizens, moat of whom reside in Lima, could be targeted, directly or indirectly, by Peru's insurgent groups.

outlook

secret

Original document.

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