WEEKLY REVIEW: CONGO GOVERNMENT GAINS IN KATANGA

Created: 9/4/1964

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WEEKLY REVIEW

office of current intelligence

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

OOCUMBNT CONTAINS CODE WOHO I

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GOVERNMENT GAINS IN KATANGA

The over-all Congo military situation has brightenedvith government gains in the south. The rebels ln the north, however, continue to move unopposed down the Congo River from Stanleyville,the government has noreinforcements.

The northern rebels now control Lisa la on the Congo River, and face littlefrom there through Coqull-hatville to Leopoldvl1le. The Insurgents' rapid advance may stimulate disorders Id theappears to be no opposition to the rebelof both Klbali-Iturl and Uele provinces. The Insurgents have expanded their control to the Sudan border at Aba in Kl-bali-Ituri, and are reportedly at Bondo on the western border of Uele Province. The fall of Bunia ln eastern Kiball-Ituri may be imminent.

Government forces retain the initiative in tbe south. The capture of Albertvllle, the rebel capital, onugust by somermy troops moving from Kabalo was the mostvictory. Manono, the last rebel stronghold in Katanga, has also been recaptured. Bukavu, the capital of Kivu Centrale Province, remains in government control and the morale andcondition of the armythere improves dally.

Mercenaries continue to arrive, mainly from South Af-

In Leopoldvllle, Antoine Gizenga, silent since hisrelease from prison, now openly opposes TsbombS. The leftist former Stanleyville

4 Sept 64

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CURRENT INTELLIGENCE WEEKLY REVIEW

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has denounced Tshombe, the US, and Belgium, and has announced the formationew "united" Lumumblstparty. There arc reports that Gizenga may try to flee Leopoldville to Join up with the rebels. The rebel leaders are apparently gathering in Stanleyville and mayissident regime prior to the upcoming emergency meeting of the Organization of African Unity (OAU).

The rebel regime inhas been beset with problems Involving the localand parts of the rebel army. Control may now befor the city's rulers have recently indicated that they will permit renewedaircraft flights to

Some of Tshombe's original political supporters are now complaining that he is making major decisions withoutthem. They also say that bis prestige is dropping sharply ln the provinces. Thisseems to fluctuate with the defeats and successes of government forces, but it may become a problom for Tshombe.

The OAU ministerialis still scheduled to meeteptember In Addis Ababa

despite an eleventh-hourattempt by Leopoldville. The radical African states will seek ways to enhance the status of the "nationalist" rebels and to Involve the OAU directly in the searcholitical Nkrumah. for example, intends to pressround-table" conference of allfactionsease-fire enforced by "OAU peacekeeping forces." Some of the moderates, notably the Tunisians and Tan-ganyikans, also strongly favor "negotiations" among contending Congolese but most of them will be wary of setting precedents for OAU intervention in ainternal affairs.

Some type of OAUor "good offices"at Leopoldville'smay be the chief outcome of the meeting. The Ethiopians evidently plan to press forody,of representatives of seven moderate and threeAfrican states, toan OAU "presence" Id the Congo. The OAU is unlikely to recommend military support of the Leopoldville government, at least not while Tshombe is around. Continuing publicity about his recruitment of whiteSouthfurtherhis position even with the moderates.

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4 SeptINTELLIGENCE WEEKLY IS

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