PROPONENTS OF THE DOCTRINE OF TOTAL ESPIONAGE

Created: 12/1/1964

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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pROpowrKTS or tkf doc^iux of to^al

/Outflowingranslation of an article by T.n tho Huaslan-lang-ir.g* Journal Zrorva (Thewcov,agea nO-WO

Kobody gets pleasure froa dlsectlng the souls of traitor*. But every lnatabce of treason, no mttar how seldom such cases occur, Is always Inatructlv*. They rake It Possible to Judge vhat sort of reraone ara recruited byo my and to leern ourn selecting Individuals for membership in unite which are oft to enemy Intelligence* W* are nov Breaking of an officer vho served vith Soviet troc-a Ue will only use the first lettar of this traitor's last nam- becauselly, which tadt in hla fouJ actions, still lives ,rcng ua.

The forner officer of tha Soviet Army, Lieut* re-nt Colonel p. ma ahot

Vila, during the tiis* when ha began to collaborate with Ami-lean Intelligent'

Hoittle -ach day free, his fear of disco- ry,ti'on.

froa eelf-ell-nation. Each day, he would rut on the overccnt of his unl fera and renort for work, greeting his comrades. But he was their enemy.

orrmt.lon which he collected and rcssed to American InUtf li^enre worked rigelnst the very country which he served. During monthly mrntinge with his chiefs from American Intelligence, he received ina?ruction* tog-ther with enveWa containing thea .asin rn'.urn for hla notes. But things didn't reach 'he stage of passing notes at once.

.ee.. otove affair withjtajktanek without the knowledge ofily ard. Sta waa Just ri^Kt She ande no claims onaskedbliging, andf OOOrae, didn't notice thie) she was The Ltaotemnt Colonel didn't hide froa her hiefr the bright" life of Vienna, for the show windows ofshore. Tor th* enlent'our of lunri^ig restaur* nta. When he was transferred fronity in Fast Germany, Enl lie began to writa him. Sh* didn't miss the opportunity toirthday card rrminlng him of th* harry

sad" hit'.n >ft;LtTtherher lett- re werJ

aad but all sounded sincere* She did not conceal her desire sorrow to feet Again to remanlce about old tiros, "to relive theIf thla vas agreeable to p. All thiao convjncirg thatn fitting p. to^ "greeeeting. It was arranged trrit Emilia vould travel to West Berlin and that p. would arrange for Wry duty cerdere to the Post German capital.

aeer-tll FlT*nto civilian clothesr-aiy left hie station for the Western Sector In order tola loved fcne, Emilia Kohanek failed tot the prearranged place. But there were others therei Tw0 hefty American Military Police. When they were dona with him, it was not p. who returned to the East Gerran capital, but the American agnnt "Mix", "rfcx" told the follow! ne, story during subsequent Interrogations*-^

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Approved fo, BJaJeeS

"On the day we hadrrived on tea^orary dutyst Berlin, froment to West Berlin without tho authorisation of my cortrandlng offleere, Hovever, rather than Kohanek, two unknownla eiviUni clothes arrroached na at tha ^rearranged arot and rraaented credentials of the criminal -. Aftar telling me that aa In the urea of son* sort ofnatalletlnn, they invited ne to go with them ast my head, got into their car, ini,Inut*a, waa at the headquarters of the American Military rollee. During tha interrogations, which lasted elx hours, th* Africansad bran caught red-handedoviet ary and that,efuse to cooperate withould be sent to the Veat. Moreover, they told mn that,ad crossed tha zonal borders froa ey co-'mnder, they had every reason for either telling tha rress of my eicap* from the USSR or for returning aa to the Soviet authoritieserson who had asked theeans for political avium. Eitheranlly would havo Having no cayccented tho rrorosal to become tf*Ir agent."

From his fitness rerorta, thla traitor aeorwd to baiving angel. Hut, aa sorvtinve happens, tho roorla who wrote tha rerorta were aware of hla true character, They failed to give Mnely attention to hisqiialltlea, which could be dangerous under certain conditions. It was known that P. woa egocentric and secretive, that he lacked core-on, everyday ccrege in relations with Ma comrades, that hebviously weak Individual. All these qualities, taken within th* context of the corw-llcatCdi aituation in which he worked, attracted the attention ofand madearget of Anerican Intelligence, And he una weak, aurrendered, anda traitor.

An-rican Intelligence officer who recruited "Mix",told hie) that lt would he hie

Job to collect Information on our armed forces and, more precisely, to betray our state secrete. Hie chiefs gave him secret writing materials, code books concealedolloued-out ar-inning bobbin, and coreunlcatlona Instructions. And h* worked for thou until heth* attention of the ergae* of S'at* Security. And thla ia hew it haprened i

Rusiell August lenahelli worked at th- US Embassy in Foscov, As athe father of three children, and an attentive husband, he led what seamed to be adecorous life to those around hira. Every rornlng he would set out por work at the Fmbaasyj in tlie evenings ky? would fimll larlzn hin-nolf with the city ard, on nicehe would take excursions with hie farally, Nothing, it seennd, would indicate that, besides his administrative and imrvgerialfor which tenhelll vaa accredited to the Embassy, ha hod other concerns, f Lenihelli'e actions convinced State Security tliat his official position weovr for other functions.

Once, during the suwner,apeclal miniature container holdingandeant for an unknown American intelligencefound to have bean left by Lenxhelli under the handrailtairvay leading fron Lenin. Jlijla to the Moscow Silver. Lenzhelll covered thla "operation" by an Innocent stroll with his wife and children.

And thus th* innocent family ran cerce um'er even cIost scrutiny by th* Cheklete. He continued to stroll about the city during office houre, when he ahould have been at the Estbassy, Frequently, hla wifeat. Claarjy thereurrose behind thisthe wife served as afor the Intelligence officer. The behavior of the Arvrlcan Ucmn showed this. or-ring hla car, Lonxhelli boarded th*with his wife and rode back and forthather conrllcated route without any clear

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purpose. Such behavior alght aeem odd to the uninitiatedafterar on tho Metro, tenahelll vould audde*ly Jump off, pullingthe already closingnr! run to another platform. But the profeaslonala had no dcnibtai Len2helll had detected surveillance. After finally getting off th* Metro, heus atoo and stood nextieutenant Colonel. For an InaMnt, their th and riartfs touched. V*;ge suddenly arresredertthellJ '$ arm. Thie Lleuterviftt Colonel vae th* same "Mix", On to thlaothing vaa known of hie relations with Emilia Kotonek, about hla trlr to Vest Berlin, or aboutlth African Intelligence offlcere. P. via now placed under obaervntlon tog'theriihelll.

A docurvnta.ry film has been made entitled Snova pp ch*rnovMore Along the Black Path). Some scenes In thla film areLeiuhelH^Vox" affair, thc-gh tbe episode concerns anothermeetingsn the entrance of the "Astoriye" restaurantthen the corner of Gor'kly endstreete in

The camerarowd of Hoscovltes strolling along Gor'kly Street. oung ran haa hla arairl; ao old nan laackage of cigarettes) two men or* conversing naar the windowook store* finally, we see the hurryingand ahoulder boardsieutenant Colonel andull flaw of Ms face. Sonethlng is bothering the officer. Th* canerer.ly infreeuently to th* other reor-lath* Lleuterrrit Colonel la the center of attention. Ke approaches th* door of th* restaurant end fiancee lnald*. It la clear from his exrr-asicn that sonabody la late far an ar^ol ntment. He nervouslyth* sld*welV.

An autorooblle of foreign rnke slowly rocvea along an ally. Stopping th* far, the nan behind the wheel gets out end offers his handdy geltlnc out th*ide. The car*ra takes In the entire scene. Then it leroosifn on th* hand of the mn; hethe wotvin tenderly around thend, with quickkesrrill racket, from the -ooketr jacket. The ralr enters the vestibule of tba reRt.iu.nnt andith whom w* ar* already acquainted, rapidly follfws them,

A long-range shot (for obviousaken through the large plass door oft^iu-ant,ublic telephone, Arr*.rently,Liaut*ntat Colonel and thewho hits juat driven up want to us* th* phone at th* sane time. What's thla? The sore -ack-t, which we -aw In the hands of the, la now held by the Lieutenant Colonel. But they don't seem to know on* another. Tn any case, 'he ciare, which Ma had them in view the whole time, didn't notice that they greeted each other or gave any other sign of recognition. And theylike ecrw-lete etrangere, we alre-idy know, aa theythatave ret before "behind the "Ihx" told all about thla during the investlgntloni "Inharnhorst Introduced na to an American Intelligence officer, who uaed the pseudonymMn, Thla was done Inere to be sent back to Moscow. "Daniel" gaverivate lelerhone nuwber in Moscow and two set rhreses to b* uaed to call him

The reorla filming this documentary had no doubte that this P.raitor end thatson to who* P. UM passing eariomge inforratlon.

Put this '- not enough. It wn*tothe criminals red-handed. The "sincere lndlgnrtion endon"3 by certain Aneriean dlr-lomte, whon they aresed of unlawful activity, la well Irrefutable rrnofn:-y. And it waa gotten quickly, Aa muni,'clock in thearj;hnlll left for the bus atop on Kutuzovskiy rroarect on hla way to the Vmbasay. "rhx" waa waiting for bin atbua atop. Standing In different plncei In Una,ot on the sane bus. heklstn the bus after the*. At thet when Lenzh^lli moved toward the exit, passing theColonel, the two eRChangedunseen by the other rasseng'ra. The Chekistrearranged slgnel to hla comrades, vho were uniting at one of the stora. On leaving th* bua, lenzhelli, togetSer with the rackige which he had received from the spy, wash*red into their car. Two storea alao nrrested red-harv**d. Thus ended the short-lived collaboration ofith Arerlcan Intelligence.

In th^ir book The Irwjsjhle Gnvernjynj, the Ar.-rlcan Jo'irivllste D, Ueias and T, Posa write that "ISsles around thi worldsecret loors or departmentsissions are located. Each mission is headed bye Chief "nd Inclu'es wet*llleence officers, CII employees are included airong Stateor di'loi>itic personnel. This Is their "cover". Ia further proof necessary of the indlsrutablathat, following tha example of tfcil Gen-any,ruling circles of thetates hiveftelrar-nretua abroadool of In crude violation of gen-rally accepted standards of International relatione, the Central Intelligence Ar;*ncy is increasingly subordinating American dlrlomtlc renreaentatione to ita own interests.

If this isof the IS dirlomntic service In other countries, It la pnrticulirly so withto the Awrlcan PTtnssy In

And. solitary attaches ln the Soviet Tnion. Vhat are tl* facta? There are as irony aa you went. What relation to the conduct of dlrloimtlc

functiona can th* following lines from the diaryiplomat possibly

hive?

dwyi nrove to the southern wife or the city in search of antiaircraft batteries, but found nothing In tha nowrl^avi all ssorn'ng with Tornal and Ahbel through the southeastern tart ofcityreas. Didn'tingle anti-nircrnftbut collected son* good ln'ormtion "bout the locality.aiynrv. Saturday! Pushrove fornow storm in the eastern andrts of the city; shotted three antiaircraft batt-rl*s. anuary, Sato^'flyi Pecause of poor visibility we didn't carry out any rsconntlsrote two letterse-ort on the lofition of the antiaircraft tvitterina in order to have thanfor th" dielorwitie -ouch. 'Jl Cot unodt,ook the Ms'rong B, strolled for an hour ln theof Frunze Aca-'erryj didn't seer anything new if you don't count the old calveryh-re aevcral horses arekept. ebruary, Thnradayi Tornalarried out discreet observation in tbe lnduntrlal repione in thar*rt of the city, buttoingle antiaircraft batt*ry. erch, Saturday! Tornalhecked-re-sence ofvo of which have been removed. An Industrial enterprisee la under construction at thair old location".

Th-sn llnee ara taken from the reraonal diaryormer US military attache Inr_Cerj?ral Pober^Orcv. Tha diary, which waa loat by th- unfortunate general and eventually waa msde rublic, can ba called aortbible" for American Intelligence offic*ra. In it, Crow had written "our intelllP-noe wans mat constantly seek to discover and re-ort toth th* Strong and weak -ointa of the enemy. Our attack must beo th- enemy'st. Although the ellltary aervicealanrUy ro^cerivd with the fixation of weapons and methods of waging battle, we must understand that this lar an) it aafeftt be fought using all reans. We can win this ganr if we or?inJi* an attack of a' political, roycholo^fcal, econooic, end subversive chnract.*r. Ke must

of BilitAryl located militaryntj when vis'ting Pnstov-on-Don, he determined that "thn fcrl.'je serosa the Donhe bestn th" south ofnd 'he li<*. Crow operated rather crudelyiaught several tinea with the'goods and,ult, tacaw the center of anel. On* would think that Crow's incident would serve as a arnlnr to tha people at the OS Eintaasy in Moscow. But noi aa they My,r*rd can't Ohenfl hla spots. Here areew of th* factai

t^nt_Cnloj>eT, Hfwfird PVlchln, th* assistant military attache, and Major Walter frkkinTn. the iaTlStant sir attache, wereroa the USSR for eolWCinr military InforMtlonrira within the country. gotrouble by losing tSelr notes and even the originalf theirrce vrignnent,

Assistant military attaches Jolm Benson, Certaintraud, and Cap-tain Wai tar Mule, who were actively angsged In ccTIecnTg ndlltary IntelTlgonce lnforration, were "

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Assistant airt_Te_naey and Captain Char lea Stokkel, who re^at-dly ettewtadte ar-as where"military unite ore looted, airrorte, and other jllltary targets, as well as the border aone in the area of Preat, were expelledthe USSR.

Assistant military attaches foul Uffelmwnila, who were arrested in Leningrad whileefense enterprises, were declareda non qrita*

Military attache,de MicBrid* and seveh otiwir employees of the offices of th* Military, Air,'end Nival attaches were found guilty of theactivity.

h-say attache Russell tanlrleniTvho waslan -stine weting with an American apy, was asked to leave the Soviet Union.

Air Attache, Colonel. Edwjnd feriao, and his assistant, Msjor Irylnfl jjheDenald were axraTtad fron tha USSR for rereated attests toTene-Crate nr-ae occupied by rilitary and military-industrial targets. When they wereilm containing rhotograrha of military aircraft and defencees found on then.

And this is what took place In3 in Leningrad. Wcrkere V. A imtln and H. A, WVolayev, the chiefife-saving atation, AI Val'tar,iver, L, M.usplclnua person In the vicinityilitary tar*.t. Ha wis acting strangelytalking to himself end then eiaMenly beginning to play with the lapela of hla jacK*t. The workers omrjioned the Militia. They told their prisoner

to unbutton hla raincoat and Jacket, where thaywill blacktruor-nt and white cloth pouches skillfully concealed oa hie cheat. The farther they went the more they discovered. The nouchea turned out te contain diagrams, charts, onna. Hits of notes) the pocket of the coat held blnoculara snd *om* sort of arell ear phones were attached by tana to tha cloth eouchroai which fine vires ren to the black instrument.

Theturned out to bas latent IE Naval Attache, Paymond Smith. He carried plane of the rorte of Leningrad end Tnllin, "onwiTch" marks had beoniving the precise locntinno of moorings, pa soli na tanks, repair ehooa, and enterprises related to port activities. The intelligence officer's rortable recordingtusith almost two hours of recording on ItSinltli had dictated the results of hla obaervntlonstroll In the aren of theg*ts. In addition, SMth was found to I*inl*ture> ^nex amera, containing an exToietiof anmtui'e, ao/'binocul*re, which permitted him to observeting installationsrent distance.

rollcving Raymond Smith, his nnmesakn ^dgwr Smith, the Assistant Airs caught in the beginning Together with two enrloyees of the IS and British air attache offices, Edjwind Evetlng. and Corrander Anth^ony__reyls, he was trying to carry out recor.misanee of military targets In the

The unscrupulous use of the dirlon.tlc aervice ty An rlean Intelligence waa shown by the ncandolous ce.ss of Richard Jacob and hla collegu.es, who misused 'heir official positions. ecretiry-archiviat at the IS Embassy in Moscow, Richard Karlau-ht red-hnnded when he wis taking espionage reports, hidden by the traitor Pen_'k^vaHvr fromt the jam time, Soviet State Securityfound thatf th" Anrrlonn Fmbnasyart in this Hxtjaordin'ry f'icts wei-ein anticipationall fron th* sry, Second Secretary of th* US Embtssy, Palph^ Jgnes, >ind Attache Hught^ry stood >fort thet the first srgnnT7 the Embassy doctor, asajstant Air Attach* Alexis Davison rushedight role with therk| assistantttache Po'ney Karlsonersnnal contact with th* soy andstolen fntertal Trotfi Mm. hat alrost ell thef the Fntassy building on Chay-kov.sViy Str*et vera en-agedingle endevorervicing tfe> any Ten'kovskly. In league, with their husfcends, the wives of the rH*lomtS also activelyrted secret contacts with the traitor, Using children's playgroundsthe boulevards of Voscow and esb^ssy clubs, dlrlomtlc receptions, srartments, nnd -ven vashroome for this purpose. And although, in accordance with thef dlrlrwtie immunity none ofeople arpe-.red oo the docket in court, where Pen'kovsldy and his Fnrllsh -artnar Orenrlll Wynn ended up, the world learned hcv ?any unusualtheto dlreoi the aneriean Emb*ssj in

We live in an enormous and very beautiful country,anyourist route to satisfy tha most diverse taste. We hive rtuch of intereet to offer admirers of antieuitee. rip through the USSR can afford great pleasure to the art co"nalnneur and to -eopl* who ira lnt rested in nature, hunting, fishing, nnd touring by car. Of courae, thi*not exhaust the interests ef travellersincreasing numbers of peoplever the world want to eeo with their ownh* first Soviet socialist state In history.

move" andbjective modern world.

True realisation of th* Leoiniet policy of peacefuls resulted in tho aproflranc* of rnjiy new phenomena, unknown to us during the personality cult, end among these is foreignn the Soviet Union, Foreign tourism ie growingrj core and more countries are participating and tha number of gueste who visit ua issing, TBS etate is showing themattention on the theory thatmore reoele who see th* Soviet Union with their own eyns and get to know its reoele, the core di'f'cult it will he for bourgeois prore^anda to srr'-ad all aorta of cock-and-bull stories about thefR and about its desire toew World 'Jar, Motels and canning aitea, hotels and snnatoriums, pensions and museums, theaters and concertve our 'orelgn guests. Tourists nre received with traditional Soviet hosritallty and we hor* their tin* in the USSP will be well-anent, that they will see and learn much. Moat tourists, on their returnorrectly and kindly tell about tha Soviet Union nnd its people, about theirend hopes. And this heirs to strengthen rautual understanding andong peoples, to convince -ec-l* that peaceful co*vlst*nce Isve" andCommunist promt-andaatural recess in the development of intermtioraln the

la this not vhy tourismarget of attack for those who are opposed to peaceful coexistence? Imperialist intalli *enc*wo-sided position with regard to foreign tourism In th- UPSSi on one hand, they try to use itoop-hole to carry out Intelligence activity and, on the other, they try to discredit the idea of tourism itaelf. Exploiting cases vhen their agents and intelligence officers

n caught in our country, they here to frighten honest -eople out oflre to visit the Soviet Union and to get to knew the life of ita peonle. Placing agents among the tourists, American intelligence would like to provoke Soviet authorities into changing their position with regard to foreign gu-ats, into the establl trwmnt of tnrriers apainst this huwn influx whichcountriith different

Put, no matter how ln/*rd-v$ tfcf art-reaches taken bycannot force us to corecs, Ve have, or.eefor all,from th* suspicion *hlch misowd our lives inotho ever, th:>t, vhen doing aniy with thepersonality cult and the situation of manifold distrust whichwitharrow-m'ndadency and ,firing about hew pine*, he contrary, the ?Oth and ^nd Congresses of theth* new Party Pro-Tan have tought us to tell our rralenemies. ole world knows that the treat strength ofstnte, Ite scientific anddvances, ite nroHcsa lnoccorrplishments, say, as SPttOf research, give our lRip*rlalfst In th* political, economic, and at ateglc fields,are extremely interested ln penetrating our many recall that Allan Dullea was thlrudr? specifically about tcnx'iaaaninner ofoiYiuticol Institute

anld as early ea0 that "at the rresen' tine, the outside world can obtain more ln'orration inside the Soviet Union thin in the pist. Thla is mrticulnrly true of lnTorfaition concerning *he development of the Soviet economy.Hov this is actually accomplished cm be easily seen in cisea when State Security organs have uncovered American soles visiting th' USSR with tourist visas and trying to lose thamsclves in the miss of reopl* who sincerely wantoma acquainted with our country, with its expanses, ite beauties, and Its peoples.

In thW Influx, hovever, therehabby Renaultdrivenyear old aMr'e 'nchinletster'am,Reydon, andoar oldrflrine navigator, i's^arftasenper, Tourists ar* tourlata and their itinerary was generally tyrlcal of all automobile tourleteiaporoihihgorod. If you take thla route, youe the beauty of Kiev rising fron the ashes, ^reen KHer'kcv, th* gigantic Dne-rog*e, th* unforgetafcle mture of th* Crimea with itsrt citlea, and ancient L'vov, Sittingane fir*amping alt* in the evening, you can snerd many hour* innt and Interesting conversation. And thera'a much to photographn th* cities, the steroee, forests, tin> consul regions.

All thia ia. But Reydon and de Takher ver*of alln antiquities and lan'scar**. Theynot attracted by hearty get-togeth*rs arountland liy the opportunitytlng to know tha "Russianbout, which. tli*r* are now ao rony rumor* not only in thalr native AJwrerdem, lut ir. rort*and fnr vbich they hnve visited. Too often, Reydono deviate from their itinerary, too evidenttheir desire to get intow'wreitisen* do not wish to ellow indiscreet, foreign eyes. The revengers of the shabby Renaulteason for such behavior. Their return wasy the relatives and friends who usually flignggreedily oneturning 'ron distant lands. Areriean Intallignnc* residents, vho had outfitted them for their asniorwilted for the seir*n. Long before their trip toon and d* Takher cocnleted so-called "training'* trine. Here is vhat Zbert Reydon hod to say about them during th* investigation following his arresti

"V* also drove to th* rort of Potterdom. Th* rurroae vns to rroctlc* rhoto'ranhyoving car and also toetailed description of an Awrlcan destroyer at anchor in the port. De TukherPeydon, "studied albums of photograph*arious military targetsi rocket and rader installations, various tyres of tanks. Jet planes, apeclalfor hauling rocket equipment, Theyocket base, anank sto-age field should look Ilk*. Ithat most of the photograrhs carv *rora military ard air roradea in

yoscov.11

The American intelligence officer* outfitted the.Rtourists"sual care and, it must be -aid, with considerable foresight* four caneras, dozens of color and black-and-white-upply of telescopic lenses for long-range rhoto/raphy, coara'sea, powerful binoculars, portable transistor radio receivers, and runy other thing* which night be useful in orryinn out their esriomge mission. And their id.ision war% wry rrocifio

"Va were toaid .'e Yakher after hi* arrest, "toar.

airnort and autoooMl* plant in th* region of Dnerro-'trovskrorozh'y* and, for thla purpose, they showed us imps drown onner, of thelocatlone of these targeta. Ve ver* givenslgnrvnta with regard to Craard and Belayan t'.ia region of one village, tha rame ofan't recall without checking oy .lotea, weivere to fird and photograph an enterrrlae which whs aunnosed to produce rocketn the area of tlzhgorcd-L'vov, thay ordered us to locnto, deicribo, and photograph railroadrains wiaslng through and being forned there, bridpea, rAt*ar installations, higu-voltagesr-ission linea, and also branch automobile r'ada leaving the mainnd so on ard aoe* familiarized therselvas with photocopies of th*n coast,hart of the port of Odessa,aadvised to go to icture gallery, from which they could moat safely secretly rhotog.-aT r. th* Installations at thl* rort.

In actuality, NAfilljarBt ofrlaalon va not ao sii-ple ai were tha "training trips'1. In one Instance llltlairan returned Paydonnd de Takher to the road when they tried to turn offoint, shall ve say, "not Hated In the tourist guide". Another tine, employees of "Tnfrurist" explained that ther* ia no easy access rood to the village with th*"which is dlflcult to rererber". On th* third, fourth, and fifth tries, they sifply told them that "foreign tourists are notlivertheless, the uninvited ru*sts vere ahl* tohichfar from unlnrort%nt to our eecurity, ustoms check at Uzhgorod turned undiAry in the possession of."de uvkhor. Ite had Jotted down colorful notes such as- radar (over to th* left,iaduct,

irrort on th*onvoy of military vehicles, -

turn to th* rightorbidden xone".

The search of these two touristsatherasntour custcssfen. It doesn't enterdsrchonest and well-meaning foreigners who rnah dally through controlth* Soviet torder. But Teydon and d* Tikler were aothouse, behaved so suspiciously, that they attractedno point in tayinghere's no sroke without fire

We'll skip the details of the eariomg* epopee of Reydon unrt de Takh*r, which *'re, perhaps, not without interesthow they fell in the laps of American Intelligence, how,rtLcul.ir, theenrted vankees" came to chose carefree seaman, how they convincedhtit an espionnge voyag* to the Soviet "nion would be little more thantrip, siallT to on* that llevdoi) hid taken previously in Shanghai. In this ertlcle, we are Interested in sorethiigvrican intelligence persistently tries to use every possibility for espionage agaia-tt the USSR,

In the western countries, there aresa!onutelyour country. One of these iapr. who one*n th* store of the Schneider firm in rarl^rtihl. I*h* *ht-ionul Socialist Pnfty as early0rrv;nod in itntil the moment when the Anerlcara captured hlcu Up to this tire, V' rner servedairly long reriod of timeDeuth'e iie^d' infantry brigHd* of th* SS,lrwt our co'mtiy, received firstegree Iron Crosios, and, vhen the Soviet Arty emshed hitler's military wchlne, barely had time to esc.p" to the Wat. During theyesrs, h* truned to Jourmliao and,lr* toublished travel notes inat Gerimn press aboutn virions countries) mostly, in the capitalist

The Americans didn't loao sight of Voriar. Convinced that his >ei*iwas sufficiently forgotten and hiaa Jour-wllst firmly established, th*"that h*ourist trio (with th* Americana raying tha bill, of course) to the USSR for the purroao of writing "travel notes". This la how it was at first only, however. later, as Vernerduring the investigation, the repr-jentative oft*lli-ta^nce, Johnson (realljr^Bauer) didn't hide the fact that he expected Werner to rrovlde informationllltary-intell'^enca nature. In particular, Johnson-rauer insisted that Werner "trtivel slowly through the USSR, be obsorvnnt nnd attempt to locate anil dencrlbn military targets, alr.'Oi'te, elllMry units, radio statlona, radar Installations, movement of troops, and also bridges aw' other structurea". Hownver, according to Johtoton and otSer African intelligence officers, who rreparfd V'erner for this trip, this "can be done easily and would Involve no danger". hey rrovi.lod the spypecial ball-pointise. explained how It is used. pIngnid Wernerrote aaveral secret writing notes for rmctice. And when theythem foraw th*id written". To ensure that Werner's 'rip would go without serious incidents, the. Americana cave Mr.pecial addn-eaiSanatorium Agra, Titsina, Elk* Xhannelorao which he was to write every week and deni hypothetical poet cards froa "Adl*.

In his ownerner end. Heroine, set out across Austria, Hungary, and Runanla to the Soviet Union. Soon, in the region of the highway froa Kiev to Kharkhv, Werner was arrested while taking photographs of military equlpoont. An exa-ilnatlon of their baggagen espionage diary. Between the llr.es of ordinary text were hidden notes written with the pen deacribed above. part of the city

a radio tower" radar installation". av soldiers of

the air force". "At kllceeternother radarnumberstroops with black am, patches".

Nothing eould help Werner and his wife: not their intelligence instructions, nor their ball-point pen for secret writing, nor the address ln Sweden, Having been found ln the act of espionage, thoy were eent to court and tried.

Life shows that American intelligence officers experienced in hoatila actions against the Soviet Union "have forgotten nothing, but have learned nothing.

u

Cpeoklng about th* CIA bulldlnc Id Leogley, a* abould mention ona Item which la of ereot importance for tho entire syatun of Anerlcea spionage. The luthora of the book The Invisible Cqverruiont writ* about thla aa followoi "AnonC the *pecial structuresclen'.lflo laboratory the construction end equipping of "bleboll ere, Here the CIA is porfectliv* some of Ita miniaturized tyj>ea of wesson* end le developing invisible lriVa, syoclol exploelvoa, and other doTicsa. One of the really ssto-.lehE nr Instrument* et Lencley la tho electronic brnln, which atoree and issues mountain! of lnfor.ietlen Oitch arrive* at This brainalled 'Walnut' enddovolopod ejpeclally for the CIA by IBi. oco* ary doounent I* planned before the observer *ith the help of the photo-tepo oporotlon of thahed thenlike nan, Operote without error."

Thoa* no-called allont sir*Ices constitute teebnfcol noonn of Intelligence. The development of euch means loona on the unilre technical ml/'ht ofs *oll a* on tlio principle of -parlne no dolls ml

first oiongnnaechnicalndoubtedly, is airlal into'Ilejnco. dioteLy after iiorld Yfar II, epucial aerial unltue OlAystonitlc flights alone the Soviet border, and they later tried to ponotra'.j Soviet sir spice. oy IvGQ, tiieectronlca toie3tln* data lu thla record: Since tlio US had attempted 'Uto ueootreto tho airnd territorial *etor3 of the Soviet Uaton. The magazineh unconcealed rJfrot thnt ln ell cases the vlolotorn noro met hy tho dofonders of thi Soviet bordere ead thatf tho alrcreft-vlolotura did not return toaes.

pecial exton:'ivof 'jorlal photography of Soviet territory boron whichof high-altitude drifting bollooa* ond spy plones. Tho rir.it nttonpta te penutrute for Intel; lc-uicehe air Sjoce of thend Vo countries of ths ooclollot renp >'ltb tuo uoo ofUo)>ne eore. Dut deuplteaxjiindlturo ol vejt funds, the calculation oa Lie' not justltlod. The sir defence covored the iiov.ei sky *ell. Toon the *tresa snitched tof etrotoplc aircraft: Jet eircraft whichmodi flections of7 bo:nber, as irell tm rocinnalaaonce voriotlone of, 20 bonbors. The Aiiorlcnua created tno tyrofi of hlgh-oltltude aircraft, nd, specially forlights.

Tlie Soviot people know fron the laaterlola of ths triale pllot-epy Csry> was ohot down over Sverdlovsk, howthe "sky eeplonsne" waa. The Intelligence aervices apore1 no effort* to obtain photogmpha of fovlet military objectlvas. Tb* CTA heode were supported In this itottor by tho heads of Aaerlcna

dlplomicy. Christian Darter.nt*ry of Slaat tlieteported to tha Cenoto not utth-ut roaeon ti.ot "tbo boaefit derUedorlal reoonnalaaance Juattfiee tha1 dto 1 It ehould ba conildered that tha tachn'ool oquip-tantha -aky spies" partita than to obtain photographshigh altitvtis. yj^ escribed thaof h',l The parking plica of motor vehicles la euj.ty -ban tha caiier* Bhuttor clicks. However, thanegatlva clearlyh* track* of th* notor toblcloa* th*ra bafor*on. e.-eonla garJon la not Tinlble to th* pilot flying at an altltuJ*0 foit. Dllt thoIn th* aircraft lctur* Inona cas ro,<I loedtlf tb* noaapa;In tha paraoa'a hand*."

Tha CIA, la nuth thlantinuee to par fact tb* tnoano of "sky At Kdaarda Has* (inest?ld4 th*f "hicb,od rted, raa to "teV* high-quality spyinri m- flightreodllaa por Lour."

tti* alrcroftn* ccsnlcan* bofuo In recant year*. Th* CIA, ntli th* help ofareconnnI;senc* oatellttos2 tholaunched nor*atellites oftypos,iliary significance). Th* plea* for aucbore gnnmoe; Dig Brother, Gantry, ate. h*nInto two program): satollltea Tor th*IQSU; enlspy tatullito* forof ground ton-na (aircraft ICBi! brrss. eno so* fleet,aciul sarint photo apparatusorajtsiid iim mo groundgroundoo orbit -'soIntoo ol.Jocta on* neterength.

r protean))$ it ,eaoichn0, andaorb).

Another typ* poa tby tho CIA le radi) Irtelllrance, or tbe ay..tea of "loiy.-mngo oors.- It coaalat* ofet-orK or ro.llo-nonl toiinpaloiv. ib* border of tha Soviet Union,m-,ny, Czechoslovakia. Hungary, enl other aoclallat countrloa.re moaned In redlo lntircept, puying ipiclel attention o-jiur.Icetlone awog .ita of tbo Soviet Amy In order to* location end chiefnd tacUnlcal dota of .Soviet radar atut.ona, Culdod-nUsile dl Motion oyatena, rnuio-naTlntlon syater.:a, antlaiivruft djrona* focllltiaa, etc. Radio Intelligenceuoductad both fism the ground end fron .lrcroft of,nd ro-ho typ*sr*ke regjlar fltgbta alorg tha SorUt bordera.

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The control point of iuportnnt technical focilltleoth* h'SA, th* moatntelligence *orvlc*. Dut, as laa uSOret a. onor or later boc^nw* tuv-tn. a'l Ulag Marnd Vo_raqn_ fcjl tchallj, anployaaa of thlocy who recentlytheir Arierloun oltlzenshlp and eokod tt aInioa for polltlcrtl oaylun, aold thata otudylng top aecrata ofttntotla cipher* end codasontunlCstlon. 0 snployoo* of th* agencyuilding thof whichly then the .entucon. -quipped with inodnrn rmchlnerynetruienta, ir-iudlog large electronic computers, andVntercopt poita, thay rocord all th* codrt3 hqA reports sent In openof ebnost ell the couatrles of the worl'l, loclullni; Turkey, France, Indon**i* tb* United Arob republic, Uru^iay,o*ln, ather*.

ifl," rtin and .Jltehill reportedoscow proa* ooafereace, "onoviet border fron Vurkoyreapeesed Into Jovletre raft did not re tar*) overaesat, au us :ul In such eonea,tory that tb* eircraf hedorrudly boon fpeienti.ied had violated theborder by sccMoat. The IT! inut ntat :tod thstod been shot do..nth* territory of the Soviet Unloa for no rood reason. In the Jecond half of tn*en Johne director of NSA, in spooking on the internal radio broiidceoUiu; network ofincy, Jed that thoroln from, dlucuslon ofdinr.lir.ht ofo," ighly-piecedf the opency told lortin thatoerdere electronic* epeclellsta andforce; ting the signal* of Sovieto Hon*.

Tliolnt*lll^-nc* services ere ll'.orelly doing srsrytblnga Soviet nlll Ury-technlcecret*. Uero la one auch SKenplSa

fcuaalen coi-norciel liner Aeroflot lad Just landedaor'tjra of the Viauve airport hoa riled the plane to clean'ore tho returoays C.nJk. "I'.blU the alrcrji"!beingonuitaoched the nan vho collected the eweepings endt 1 After this, ollector Cathorod tho anjepingols: aire "ift, put ;hiaand cart,tded It to Ids room. y thisppsorod there nnd dol.acid the box containing tho3 fron ;h* ftorlet airciaft. lie put the boi in the backf the eartout hom. losed door he corefullybenl torn rvjgo-.lnoe, pnper nupklna, oupty bottles, broodrokso plotos,oat clolhoj hat.ger. Several nay*

'hanger waa delivered to one uf tho large offlcoa atngton. oon tho niTcd the receipt for obtaining the hangerhted. ?or nonythoyerlcsa Intelligence- orked to gather lafonmtionew SoTlet long-

rang* bcr**r. Thoy bod gothored nuch informetlvni* elreroft but wore unable to loamoKoutr^nc* ond be* load, llotrovor,now that tha atovlnga which roruelned eftar mec'tmlcnl processing oT the wing were renaltedsed toclel type of clothes henf.er. 'lnolly thay hadunger, id til the help ofond cherucel enolyi>lo, theoere able to loorn whet type of netel elloy Has used to manufacture the hanger, tilth tbl* formula at thalr dloposoli the CIA. dotowilned from v'.ot tho bomber nlntfnode, end little res noef"ed after thla to calculate the rar.c* and benb load of the aircraft."

Th* Amerlcon lntellif.once sorvlcee could flatter tho^uelves with the success of tbls experience. Heaver, to tho chagrin of its ar/'nte, tho hen car had not been ned* fr'o tho shavings obtained in ;irocosoi ng tho bomber wUg. Nevertheleao, lt la Important to note tha ecrjpuloj-Tiieso with rvhich tho American Intelligence servlcee gather lufor.iation which Interests thorn, as .ell as tho muny ho joe ahich they entrust nlth their "nllenthich tho vest Anoncen monopolies give to the CIA.

In the CIA archivesy

r.iien is not noedad now by anybody. similar photopa ia go trie:t In thaf Drltlehsance. Doth photographs wor. taken on tha anna day end hour, at thelace, by thehotographer, odd, evidently, on tho aeilm. The dlffaro.-ic* con^inta only in the fact thit la one frano the spy ess photographed in tho nnl font of en American enynd In the other, In the uniformrltleh colonel. One can imeglott oticocrulirwnt: ull-dress uniforms nore lold out ho fore the spy oe if .'rot-lelng hin dual protection, Losing boforo tho lens, theressed In the uniform of one, then tho other, otete, calculating on wiich horse lt ia more profitable to mount. Of course, each aide in this uhusmqI spectacle, which occurred in London at a secret abode of British lntalligattce,t thit the neln catch would fall to tham. Dut the reoraltlng agents were pursuing a. ao to apeak, Mghor political goal: This iieequorode, in tba conception ot Itsra, symbolically ipersonlow stag* In th* development of antl ah Intelligence allianc*.

llen Dulloo wroteaoiioraudunior of the future Anerican Intelligencehet ly created liitelllgnoce orgonl?.athn, the CIA, mustuniversally raco^nlrod organ which maintains ties nlth tho central Intelligencef other countries." Sixteen yeoia later;ere Dulloo, who haa alriojy been dlsnlssed fron leadership of tlio Intetllconce sorvlces, noted In ournUng up the resulte ofhec boon dona that "one of the nost gratifying foaturos of our intelligence actl'lllos roc nitly le the lnororsiruj cooparetlon between th* African Intelligence services end their

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c errding org*nli*tione ln nil countries of the free world which ere

Of course, ths ex-chief cf Aoerlcan intelligence bes lnnion under the flag,d other bloc* of force* whichre operetlng against the aoclellat cimp. The Atlantic unloo of lnt*lllgjnce services exlet* Juat ea doaa th* Atlantictiry-politlcal bloeataff*. Andjuatthe US i* th* leader lo ths bloe of Go*"niii9iit* *nd ateff*, the CIA, whichxpendingy effort aot to lot the relttl out of It* Lends, play* tho neln role ln tbe latalHconc*

Sincey beginning of it* tils testae, tho CIA ha* tried to ia**

In liond the Intelligenceof llnglend, lert-eny, Fr-nce, relcium. Holland, and Cenade In order to ueo tholrho interests of laplenentlngtret*{ue plan*. Tie* with tbe CIA are quite *xtonslv*. In tho *teff of tlio highOorce* in peciol Intelligence Adnlnlslintlon.be central organ of thelentlc *tmviry tr.orent Croup of the Military Cormitiee ofnd in wUklagton tr..ireuuropoan Coordinating Coraiit'en" for oxchenoJrig lrtellli;or.ce. Donlnetlnr. the ccordlnettnr; odmBlotretlon tihich dlractaactivitiese countries ofr:.aw Poet are the CIAid tbe Intelligence Deport sent of the Ui Do.ertiuooi of Iiofoiite. ce eervlcea also exist In thed *teff* at "theatre* of mil.tnry activities* of Horth Surope, (Norway,est Ceneny, Preoce, "Jeli'lum, Ho11bl>1, Lurenibi.rg,Couth Surer* (Italy, Creeee,id ttet*rio-ieeit coaiand (ire iiodlterranosn Too enil the straits).

luteinoervicei required therre:-re:rentetlves to LntuMl .ce cj-pwisTO countrtea. IS hoe bilateral lntollligro.^enti rith the rovorarwn tn ofber of eta KM. o-riv. ft idlcna of rsproand Britisha.ica Jorvlces, *Mcb had existed duringwere restored. oint lntolllgonce cinter it operating lnco-called "Jointbureau* ofcountrloa England, and Canada. Thore laAr.ericoa Ceciltera." en there la no eproe^mt on cooporotlo:i, theen "excr.once of e varied forumof the CIA over tbo Intelligence esivlcea o" the countriesto the moln inperlallet blocataXO, SiwVftl, 'O,iu**d fre rorlcu* typo* of

International eubverjlve organizations *uppjrtad byisi.ig-oce eervlcea, sucb a*ea of Freete "Antl-Cocriunist League of Asiantheicaa Conference for tbe Protection of thetc.

A epoclel place la thla total offooslvo of Anarlcon lnt*lllf*oe* services has boon occupiedtlnuoe to bo occupied by tha complex, and highly contradictory relt.tlono *lth tbe Intelligence services of ieat Germany. It la well known thot in Uoet Garoooy lmnedlotly efter the war, the Americans aecured for tboneelvoa th*eo organization of general lt*lnhsrdt_Cotl*n. ly on th* Fac*9th*preej In connoctlon with tli* "eaoeotlooeln tha leadership of th* Corneargnnn. Ino Judgela beingehind thla ffcse, wo ulll look Into aonn faeta.

a on* of th*u= procucte ef th*erson tho alwaysndioi*bl)ontod, alo of mystery. In thoe ere efter thu war, in- _os';arndid *Te:'ythloe tu create ntcreaze arounduOmilitj nirjlm, ond at the ism* timeat-Gerr.on lntollltenc) aa: vices restored by bltt,dork aodhlch , edelratlm, andIn th* rvm In the strtol ao.'neos for aeusetlon. Utilized here orelcotUne of hla biography ami tre dissemination of atunninr/about noble origin, ahout tte for-or "geoisrolboutt life of the "nan behind theho"n.l od fcr.owo that elae.

astora little fron tho past of meny lured under Cermon militarism, "h* dizzy career of th*fn*aaaa preceded by on ordinarylocrophy. 2 In tb* faraly of onscant In th* Kalaei'* amy, h* aaa too youoi. to ap;*arH .for I, be trained in the Feicbeeehr, d he bocene on officer ard an adjutant, lie eerved for one year a* edju.nnt o. tba flret deputy chief of th* gn-.erjl staff ofe aid forcesontlnuod his serTlce in oporetlons heedquortere under Coneraloctoln. aptain Gehlan aas coim'inlca'-lons offlcor betmeon Amy Coiuanlor-ln-Chlef tun Urauchitach and Suah, eo-tiooder of tho ith Army,bo tonk croups of von Goth and Gudorion. Adjutunt ond staff -lutylon no military glory, but instead ithie ties In th* lilC'Or circles of tho rehrmcht ond determined hla futuro careor. Judging by everything, Captatn, then .'ajor, then, duing thelT* jgelnit tli* .lovlflt Union, Lieutenant Colonol, Cehlen toe that intermodiet* fl^ur* who organized both the nllltory cnate and th* Nazi -Gas tapo enviroiuiont. rie netoclelt end notelcer fron th* .3 which ntuck to tbe military unlfom,oculery heredity, baon good lermo nit'i bothha Pe!ch3fuehrer clique. From Breuchitocb heo adjutant to Gonarel balder, and from lleldor, to tbo oponttiona hoodquarlors of tha gonaral staff, wheroppoln'.ed htm loader of tb* "Best" group.

In th* spring Colonel (kl Uo hold tb* post of chief of tb*

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department of "foreign Ax-ties of tbo Zsat" in the general eteff offorcoe. Tha new leader or front line intalllijonc* n- deto undemlna Adulrel Generis, chief of tha Abaehr, elt'ioughposition he could be considered hla colleague ond not Mieonior and Junior colleagues shared spheres of Influenceuced in every *ey possible the experience, ties, end adviceet tha advico of 'areria, he enfnced not only Id the

tredltlonel collection of lnforvttlonof th* lnterosta of

the ori-ilea to ehlch h* aas attoc ad, but eUo In tlioroujji secret-service ectlvitiee In the Seat, th* organization of febotar/i .nd uiidergroindorjaln-it th* Soviet Union, ana eleo lntre-sny counterintelligence aid poUc* tracking of the personnel of the Genaan etuffes, tbe ordinary er.iy lotolll,;once depert-nont umlnr Cohloo's leadershipoworful, eaoantlally IndapeO'Iofit intoll icoiiM-oofcotoca nnti-Coviet orgOnlzntlon supportod by Its am police oorvico. Cohlan una flexlbl*. -lth all hie onbitlon, ho did not ignore or ovoid eny of hla superiors. Ii*adth both Canerie end Hinrler, and thereby operated hla ntroncthenlng secretll the truublao of internal dleaoutlon*. Hitler andnlalued the activities of hla secretiilehfro) ofnorol somas and ahich ruled in occupied territories elthcut leerey sven foru'.orc* offlc*rs, lessilltoryend civil: vi population. s escorted inirrraphy ofaho *a* ce'.led by Hin tbe "Creyt *jj hio apy eervioe ahich carriedr.tlrowith th* traitor Vlesov ond his poople. It Is not surprising that Gehlea, resourceful end giftednly In eaploaego but etaoouv*nng on tho hirfter level, aaa eblo vn tha conplete defeat ofiny to rataln In hi* cntrol th* nueloui of the cocrot police, Ita connections, end, ofporontly, the rt*ln do'-i'-rnts. lieprisoner" notar crlmlno! "ho deaervedo but aso enjoya luck ond the raitlnt* raercy of vho vliitora, in the roleotential collaborator nhose services th* victors undoubtedly needed. Gehlon hod considered beforehand the trend of th* post-war policy ofean lnjiorlollon In roletinn to iio nllltnry al.Uo;. All the aocrot edvancea of the Amerlcon Intelligence novvlcea toward Catiarla, hltiiilor, ond tho "gonerolre tailin, but be didt uixad up in nuch dangerous contacts boforo ittine. .hen the tin* coie, he broucht toeady-node organizationdepoid on him completely and *ae li.if'octlve isi thout hin. This permit tod Iiln to escape th* noose. After gathering tho archives of hie department, Gehlon surrendered to the American autborltio* end eaked to be put lo touch el tb tb* hoada of theone* torvlceb.

fully etetea that "Inthe government ui'leratood "ell thet an extremely Important allltary prisoner bed fellon into the hands of tha Anerlcons. Coblen aos Irtnedlately put to *ork. orked foronth* to eyeta^atlz* bla noa on the Soviet Unloo ond to compll* lndexoa sad

boater indoxee Incli-h r their use by American intelligouce. Ho naa thou riven tho task ofnell oniiy ofmenta. raa allocatod several million dollars snd waa eeked to head espionage In thoae for the benefit of the US."

Axtensive apy organization sprung up under Gehlen'e leedorahlp. Ita ataff dob Igeoted In .fojlechi. nor I'lUnlcly and for aavoral yeara tha apy cotrork aorved aa tho chlof woapoo of Ajnerlcan Intelligence in eubverslve activities ocoinetviot occupotion troopa ln Romany ond enolnst the young Co man Derocratlc Republic.

In the history of the secret war ther* have boon previous luutacces of cooporotion of intelligence oorvlces of tuo or savo'ol countr.oa [for sKO.-iple tho US-Snc'.and and Cornony-Itely-Jepen). But not oi.ce did It roach the point where the intelllronce organization of one etnte {in thla case the hitlorite stote) on tho shole, with all its livs and dend inventory, transfer to tie services of another country (thehe creation of thia unprecedenteda, * eo no eon It, foj not unnatural. To soy nothing of tho :yiapethy of lonf. Juration oftsl'. lrjonca hesda for the experience of the>Cer:ion Intelligence9f Halnhordt CoMen and Allen Dulioa after iVorld iVar IIe ui'i^iit lnter>st3 of the mat reactionary iionoju'iot circles of the USet Go many. In all this they hadn, inperlollat Logic:ho Anorlcan lnperloUata hidour.io toward the "ontieoviiuniathey amply neoded thef tho fomer services of Hltloritoa, thoir black experience, thnir practices, Vid rwthode. Such figureszi intalllgor.co ao Cehlea understood purfectly tlat it woa the Anorlcan nlll tori eta who restored ond retained theirow hu-Ulietlon, aorvlce, toadying nork under any colonela ond (pmorals frono ocaan, but top for It there ln the corjpocti.ro of changing ln the future fron aorvo-ita to "Jnlorthen to theof oquel portnora, ond lator,depoDdc-itIn the noar future. In briof, the and Justified :ie mans, Coblenarge gomeool. g tutdid, coing first :'ro'i Lackeyunior partner" of Alton jultoo. rjpoeteU lo nlnioture the faro of Adenauer, lie also for a short timeervant of to US but lator git* ho alrjngtli acd becorio en Indofornlont flf jro ln military and political relations.

Cehlen operotod nlth the cunning and lnaldloua modcoty choracteristlo of hi.a. Fron5 toi3 organization existed on funds of the US military intolllconce, ond than themi to oubjidize it. The oxoct eruunts if iVuricon funds opont by Cohlen iro not knonn, bu: competent people hove evaluated than etillion rasrlcaallllcn dollars par year). The correctnoaa of thla evaluation can bo judged by comparing It with6 budget, when Cohlen's aervice noa troriaferodortoony end1 Million narks per year,ittle less than

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6 million dollar-. Ut ua rtttionbar thet the intolligonc* service of Canorla arealillion norka7 wllllono, Cehlon'a budget bogon to ero* Tost, md3 it1 nlllion marka (more thanlllion dollars). The Donn intelligence nachirary non receives more funds than Hitler opoot for tho Intelligence aarvloea of Canerls at tha helcht of World .Var II,

Thua, Cahlen ond his rovonchlst inaplrore deftly twisted their over-eaa patrons around tliolr llttlo flngera, uaing their patronage ond nlllions of doUora to retain ond restoro the Hitlerite nllltory lntolllconcaalready noro pon>rful lUidow, modern mask. Vho .'ost-Oonvio governnont did not need eny Additional forcoa nlien It decided to logolize Cohlen'o org<inl*atioa ond chorea it officially todorpl Intelligence Service" (Di.'i)). This ia also unprocodontoJ. Thooo who nuraod Fascism, evidently, forreaaoa ore celebrating the victory inong cam with AvwrtCBn intolllgonce, the notura of relations with which la now ^aterolnod not by noohiigton lut by Donn. Thoof tte cmak m* th which tlohlon oecipod ni th the help of tho Amerlease con ho retained oternolly by lilm -ind hit descendants. Dut Vie coure 1g'-nd foronoat. o Junior partner. There ia an lntelllfonce ayatori nhoae activities :niit be aeon with apprehension by Allen Dulloa ond his euccessor,rCooe.

Of couree, both Intelligence services renaln portnere In antl-Coviet mottors. But tho "Fedornl Intelligence Service'*uccessor of the AbBOhr Just aa is the Bonn otatoontlnuor of tho exionelonlet ochones of tho Third liolch. Today tho point la turnoddst, tor sorrow It enn be turned to-ard the -Vest. Thla has hoppontid In tha pest. Thaty contradictions ors evidently rending tho headr. of inerlcon lntelll"sr.co, o Isew heedoat-Cemon lntellltence or tho old chief, who lo crafty but who or.ee hla life to bia protectors? The l'- non supports tho old chlof. on voices *oro raisedte rtocar-'ity of "roraovlngho Americans inflated thet he nnioln in his poet.

i-ucli are thon within tho In Lai licence ollloiico in the Atlantic eauoclotlon. Tho low of the jtoiglo it now operating hore mora otronr.ly then In eny other flo:.d of political Ufa ofeAtorn world. Yoora pa as and uonklnd willhe :ruth al>aut the "inter-fnadly life" ofono would think ere very oolld imperialist alliances. How monolithic tbe Serlin-Koro-Tokyo Axle 'ippoorttd, hou nt.ny Joint bloody (jettons were undertakon by thin Axle agaioet tho cqu^is of pence aod against all mankind, how onthuiloa-.icoKy end ur.anirjoualy Adniral CBnorislttor coorel'etod in organizing the rutrch uf Franco agoinat tho republican government in Upeinl Hutchoalovakla, from the tice of ths now foinoua Block Lokea, auporaecret archivea of tbe Hitlorite Intelligence services wore recovered ttnd the entire world learned that the so-called Axle vaa not ao (olid. It turns out thot

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Canorianler conducted intelllijonce operetlono not oplyntilterylee but elanheir loyol eeconplleee. lea mad thot the Coatepo hed to follow not only the portlclpente Ofand the pertleona, but even Countaloterrelof 7eaclat Italy, end leter Cueaollnl hliuelf*. le thereto suggest tbat theseItva of the Jungle do notln the present alliance of the Imparl ell at world? Of couraeend ne do not have to wait Lorfi for exposure of tbo oad con Tbey eroeverted ooch day, eoddo nood to sick to the botton of netfir the fteta which

characterize tno nutual diacordaof the lurtnere. The TJeatom proaa fron tine to lino sonorously presents then, ae-jtlnea lnf sensation end aocetlnos for other secret rooiona the. enelyala of which tnora la no aense In spending tl>o.

bovo spoken above about the disclosures nade by the twoA. iiltchell end Hart In. They ravoa'.-td :c< the worldocreta of the ir<iel'l^oncef tha US cofc-cont. thoao secret*aplorere egolnat their own nlUoe. Here are certain oxeorplst&tononta by mtchell end .'ertln: on our wjr'- experience, ce icnon thet tho <JJ Is jucceasful ly reading tbe rocret correspor-de-ice Of laare thenountriea Including itfl AHe'.lo"bleb studies the codescipher! r* system ofllies and neutral The Anor.can govenmanto far that it hoa begun to recruit egontaongo serve ita The US govornrtfnt cove mneyiplur clerk working ininbeasy of one of the silled countriea for lafoir-istloi which helped to decipher oodad teloTo-'u of thla ally."

Thli waa confirmedtotOWit by fonwr ICa ouployeeamilton, who '.ji that workad In the "Hello" department end that "this depertr,arit la engoced In deciphering corres^ondance of countrloa of the^aat, including Iron, Turkey, ^ftypt, Libya, iioro'co, Ethiopia,den, und Greoae. All their corrjeponduice le InterceptedTvaeh of UZa in Cypru3. Intsrcopt ototleftfl ara elso located in Beirut and on Crete. All tho intercepted telOfrais oro cent by ledlo through Tangier to the UJ,eciphereden." Hamiltont "ell conversetiena botweon nllltsry units ef Jordan, Jreq, and Turkey wore intercepted by HOA regardless of the textcleor or coded," Uarelltonlrtotnod thot NOA la working to reveal the code* of other allies of ths US.

1 on ihe pegea of four newspapersthe "ranch Cfrjbqt. Snellen Dally Herald. Turkleb Cunkurl^ot, end Italian Clujtt talathere eppeared let'.era which ware slatlor la contont by oi.oyso of Araerlcaa InteUlgnnce oervlcea. The author of the letters also roported lnetancee of espionage by the US agolnatllies.

In particular, ha sent to tha1 to rial toerde photographic copiaaull*tin of Amorlcm Intelligence of9 vhlch contained Intelligence data on Drltiab troopa in tho ;iii!dlo Soot. Hind lev Infor-otlon on tho antedf Rost Correny aaa reportadOounont Of

*Tbe Ito,stated the respectable Dutuh jowapaper po Telenreflalonnge not only ogolnot tbo coiiuniat and ene.ay countries. It Is aliolo:,ege againstATO allies."' Tbe nec-apeper quotedock by Snncho de Crainon entitled The Secret -Jar ond puMlebod. The euthorxemplaa of US intelligence activitieslond.

If tbeae aro the facts ahich characterise the attitude of American Intelligence toward atatea ublch ere allle* of the UC,la its attitude to*ard capitalist counties ihleb do not belong to Uaiv? Uuch it knom about CIA aetlfltlOO efainat the logol govern-oni of India, Ceylon, Cyprus, Pump, tPir.Il, Coabod.a, end other atatoa. An other woidn, thellies boon odopted by AnerieiaB Intelligence officials .'ru-. . mo hie accomplices with ell ita ottributaa. Ao Allen .tavjfi iioay.ticeo In dononfllne tbat hie eubordlnetee gather infonaation 'about allife Is sucb that it is necetaary to coaduct "eapionug* all igainat all." Old nlatory is being repeetedow woy.

oncord of Jeetorn intellic*nce aervlcot, of oouree, but the contradiction* *nong then, Juut at snong thalr govenronta, areng. In tho presont si tun tl on ofy of Anoricn Imperialism, th*la line o:ntrartictlona peases bet/.oon tb* CIA and all thoourgeois in tal' IgMicn aervicos,aaea the ClA end the aUi).

Quit* recently, onh*ch journalist Coo.y* Andereoa published In Co->ot an ai tide undor the exereeelYO tl'.lo "Vhocrot Service nrnc /wuy From Aaahlngton.-' Anderson wrote thot -the rlvnlry'oris a^hlicton in thotholitical, dlplottitle, and strat-igic axia boaee phuoe and throatono to .prood to ono dlftlcvlt sector which cane final victory. re not apsoUnc about Adenauer's ni>te oi Me telephone talko or about the Munlob plot against BrU.rd-Cchroodar, Wit

oro end tew leaderehip of the Co*noa eapionoge or, an

Uttl* by little tn* HIO organization Uedorel Intelligenceoodod by Gehlon, basth* Uu) organization (counter katell^vnee) which is reapoo-lbl* for militaryd for pro tooting tho Bun-ieaee ond lt haa severely limllod tn* rights of the I'oderrl Organization "or Protocting tne Constitution. Untilaso tlie ehenoellor through tholahicli was Clobk*. tly, without any of ;h* publicity characteristic for sucb

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operations, wblch ar* connect*'! with thetelli("ncei, Council of illniatora nsdohange*.ot be subordinate to tbe off'ce of the fodomlnil', be under Helnrlch Krone, "nborospon*lbl* la thecnnjtlax plannlnc end for the coordination Of notlonolknonsrono le ore -'feloieetbe sould prefer to liave oa hla Svon ofterCcverrrient took this orj-nlzatjon under It* control, tbeknohnerycl<;ntn the field of(-round end gotberjog mformtion lnluropo,

valuableo Ita colleague* ln Londonshl ngton. r thot honceforth the invisible ormy or CiAirfll Cehlen will turn ita -ae* to then ond engage io ootivltie. deirliw:.lul to thenrvorkiig for tho cau^e :Rd oxl* deer to Mo beort of Adenouur, ^treuee, end their frieads."

s nothiiig aurprlaliw, e'ueutoC courae. eo no noother Gohlen orl.end-jplor.cgo. ie CuL.-ot even b*lderodt sirna oor-nrture From subordination of tho revonehist ori un! io tloi ir<rtui-odou musthat you hov* aum. Th* dlucord" nitlieat-ilitariststutoery vivid mohIfectatioa at tuof the effect of oil thoso wolfulntr-y.liot nMeh res statod ln the IV-ty i'vogrorab atrict regularity; "Tte ueinf theontradiction botaoennd capltallEr.does not relievo theontradiction* which ore toirlng epert the ceplteilat porld."

theefeit ofohoos .hat th*.ericas vutor fovors peaceful oooxl jteitce end(/or, wo cannot but consider tJe fact thatteri en rewritesnd that itn Intensification of "eaclet tendencies in rtcht-fflnc circles of tbe US. Th* process of becorningconservative, of course, ca. not but involve tbe noat reactionary for.iotlsn of ueeppunt'-a

Ai<orlcun intoll ii;onco cervicesnd tho ln'.'illlGeuce aorvicoa ebovo ell ore close to voryanti-Couwnlsu. This is tholr food, tholr fuel, triir motive powor.

ove ooverod the brief history ofnd end'.esa reorg nidations off Aiiorlcan tj'.ol espionage. In ell tho fus3 und *h<ilch ears I', this eyalar, -ould hoee only ettotiiita to lnprov* orgjai it tlotiol l'orra und oae shock* are nocoasery,* dictated* feet* of lire, indepondoat of Oui lea or .'ioCono. Tho jorios of foiluroa, mlacalcjlntlone,scandalous ecposuros aro the ro.ult or tha facty total expansion, Including total oapiocotfo,oslated by tbe nightyor tb* 9ocl*llot ca.-ip which oiiduron eecli *ndault. Itnvmoiblo, no natter how .nuob dirt,r bll* ia thrown ony

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numaroue "theoretlclene" and apologieta of Aeerican imperialism. Hundreds of books ara sent oversees which attecpt to clarify orarticular failure ln the activities of the CIA and other organs of American intelligence. But all the authors of these 'Vorke" agree on one thing: The soclallat caap by its nature lo euch that no means and methods of eabotage and espionage ln the struggle aga'.nst the bourgeois statesreat and lasting effect on It. One cannot argue with thla. Hitler and hla spies canead end as will their successors.

There is no force ln the world capable of changing the tide of history. Hany who sought to turn back the wheel of history have been dumped. imilar fate le in store for the successors of the Hess doctrine of "total espionage" froa Langloy, Against then stand the logic of history and the tireless revolutionary vigilance of the Soviet people androgresaive oankind.

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