CHINESE COMMUNIST MILITARY PRESENCE IN NORTH VIETNAM

Created: 10/20/1965

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

lent contains classified information affecting the national securityHfthe United Stoics within the meaning of the espionage US CoSaT^U* ia,.he law prohibits its transmissiorhor the revelation of its contents in any manner to an unauthorisedas well as IU use In any manner prejudicial to the safety or InlercsNjf the United States or for the benefit of any foreign government to UieNj-triment of the United Stales.

It Is to be seen only by US personnel especially Indoctrinated and authorised to receive COMMUNICA*NpNS INTELLIGENCEIts security must be msJntaineQsn accordance withINTELLIGENCE REGULffl

No action is to be taken on any COMMUNICATIONSwhich may be contained herein,theto be gained, unless such action ts first approreXjrf the Director of Central Intelligence.

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Office or Current Intelligence5

INTELLIGENCE MEMORANDUM

SUBJECT: Ciiincse Communist Military Presence in North Vietnam'

SUMMARY

The Chinese Communists in5 beganimited number of military support units into North Vietnam (DRV). This marked the first time that Chinese troop units had been stationed outside Chinahen Peking withdrew the lasts troops from North Korea. Unlike the Chinese troops in Korea however, the units detected in North Vietnam thus far have been restrictedewsupport units and probably some local security forces, including antiaircraft artillery.

These Chinese forces for the most part havo been moved from adjacent areas of south China into the northeast regione

On the basis of tentative information,

however, we estimate tbat there may00 Chinese military personnel now in North Vietnam;

aerial photography has revealedin the northeast DRV that is probablyto tbe presence of Chinese support units.sector of the Hanoi-Pinghsiang rail lineimproved and several new truck parks haveup in the border area, probably to facilitate

This memorandum has the concurrence of the Director, DIA.

the increased flow of supplies into North Vietnam.

TO

4. Although there is no firm evidence that any additional Chinese military units have deployed into North Vietnam since August, there are signs that several units, probably railway engineer and/ or conventional engineer units, may be preparing to do so in tho near future. These unite, which began to appear near the Vietnam border in mid-September, are either newly formed or taken from areas of China other than the immediate border area. At least one railway engineer unit has movedosition where it can deploy rapidly into theDRV, where the Hanoi-Kunming rail line has been subjected to frequent bombing since mid-July.

Thore is no evidence that the deployment of logistic support units to the DRV hasuildup of Chinese combat forces in the Sino-DRV border area. uildup would probably precede any major deployment of Chinese combat units into North Vietnam. There are however, tentative

tlngcncy plans.

Inave been cade lor I! introduction o:

orce of considerable size into the border area. Thus available intelligence suggests that the Chinese are taking some of the necessary steps to irove pore units rapidly into Vietnam should the

military

North Vietnam is significantly ex-

war escalate. On the basis of tholr practice to lOIMSIMIbKlMSYri

rs

date, we expect to receive some earlyI hinese

involvomont in pandod.

tHSlTIVE

TOP SECKEZITRINE

The first Chinese unit detected in North Vietnam appeared in the northeast coastal area Tlon Yon in mid-Juni

12. Chinese railway engineer units are highly specialized unitsroven capability for rapid construction and repair of rail lines. Byugust, photography revealed some newwork on the northern part of the Hanoi-Ping-hsiang railroad.

construction appears to involve efforts tothe capacity and efficiency of this important narrow gauge line, by eliminating sharp curves and steep gradionts. Those improvements are apparently being accomplished inanner as to minimize the disruption of rail traffic between China and the DRV.

Yrs

photographyshowed a rs

high level" of truck activT^^uncTgseTerai apparently

newly established vehicle storage areas stretching

from Pinghsiang, China, to Langson in North Vietnam.

f!

-4-

^^SSJSITIVE

TOP SECRET TRINE

iii>j

reported aitor the iriJTo that they nan encounterod unusually heavy flak; two US aircraft were downed by ground fire.

TOPSEGRET

IS. To sun up, at least live, and possibly one or two rore, Chinese nilitary units have -iow Scon detected roving into North Vietnam. Thest units appear toossible AAAuspect border/coastal security dofense division, elementsailway enginoorotor transport regiment, and another possible security unit of at least regimental size. At normal organizational strengths, this would nmount to0 troops ln all. There ore prohably also sone headquarters and service personnel.

New Chinese Construction Units Sear DRV Bon ir

1). Although no Chinese nilitary units rave "jecn detected Moving into North Vietnam since tuere are indications that several new Chinese construction units cay so assembling near the DRV border lor possible deployment into the country.

Original document.

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