DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE
ORIENTATION OF THE NEW GREEK GOVERNMENT
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CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Directorate of Intelligence7
Orientation of the New Greek Government
Preliminary analysis of the new Greekindicates that the nation's new rulerstrong moralistic motivation and are probablyto the right of the standard brand of Greek conservative.
From their public and private statements it is evident that the coup leaders aim at more than merelyommunist take-over. Their emphasis on social justice, social welfare, amission, order, and unity may be merely rhetoric and designed for broad appeal, but their equation of order and internal security with justice and their stress on the obligation of the press to respond to the national mission appear to go beyond what was necessary for this purpose. In theiron King Constantine to go along with theiror leave Greece, and in their disdain for civilian politicans of all stripes, they show their distrust for even the old, establishedforces.
There are hints that the coup leadersa more nationalistic foreign policy, especially in their insistence that Greece, while supporting NATO, intends to demand its rights as an equalof the alliance. Although they have solicited support and understanding from the US, they havean underlying suspicion that US support will
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It was prepared by "the Office of Currentand coordinated with the Office of National Estimates and the Clandestine Services.
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generally favor the monarchy rather than their oew regime The new government's Cyprus policy appears to be what any Greek governmeot must have, anaim of enosis.
The new government's stated economic policiesust distribution of nationalastening of economic development, and an extension of social welfare programs. Here, too, there is some animus against the traditionalthe "economic oligarchy."
The initial policy statements, in their various parts, seem to be the work of different drafters trying to meet different needs, but there is an underlying flavor of ideal isdeg_lggical jcJtd) dedication. ala^HHHBHHW X6)
rutlook of key members
of the nilitary conspiracy, tbe origin of which goes back to2 or The colonelsroup of their own at that time because thc senior rightist officers who made up the old, ultraright IDEA (Sacred Bond of Greek Officers) seemed to them to be "self-seekers." Even the King was too bland for the colonels. Although he bad been made aware of their plans earlier, byhe King was not being informed because the colonels felt he was getting bad advice from his immediate entourage. The new government's policy statements indicate that theof whom come from families who are not part of the Greektheir day has come. They have notoup merely to turn the government over to the King'snd if politicians eventually are permitted to these will beew, re-educated breed.
6. Row much of this kind of forthrightreform will be possible, given Greek political traditions, remains to be seen. The coup leaders themselves may already be concerned by the problems of implementation, since one of then at least has indicated that US assistance would be welcome.