VIET CONG POLICY TOWARD AND EXPLOITATION OF U.S. PRISONERS OF WAR

Created: 3/14/1967

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CONTROLLED MERICAN SOURCE,

" - MARCH fiS^ ^

*

SURJECT

SOUTH

JUNE TO AUGUST

VlET,CONO POLICY TOKAFU3 AND EXPLOITATIONPRISONERS OP'

SOURCE

VIETNAM,ANUARY

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VIET CONG (VC) POLICY TOWARD PRISONERS(POW'tt) WHICH DATES BACK TO THE RESISTANCE AGAINSTIS STILL APPLICABLE. POW'S. BASICALLY, OP THE MAXIMUM NUMBER. FORCES IS ENCOURAGED,

IN ORDER THAT CHEY CAN BE EXPLOITED POR INTELLIGENCE, PROPAGANDA

AND POLITICAL PURPOSES. THIS POLICY HAS NOT ALWAYS BEEN

CARRIED OUT, HOWEVER, BECAUSE VC TROOPS WERE NOT AWARE OP IT, BECAUSE

THEY SOUG;iT TO AVENGE THEIR COMRADES BY KILLING THE ENEMY,

BECAUSE OF DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED IN TRANSFERRING" PRI3pNERg.__

TO THE COMMAND POST, AND BECAUSE IT WAS EASIER TO XILL POW'S

WHEN THE JNIT HAD TO WITHDRAW UNDER DIPPICULT. CIRCUMSTANCES.

EGION (MR) FIVE UNITS HAD TAKEN. PRISONERS

BE LAST TWO YEARS. HREE-PHASE CAMPAION

INAUGURATED IN6 TO INDOCTRINATE ALL CADRES AND

TROOPS IN THE VC POW POLICY, TO DISSEMINATE SLOGANS AND OPERATIONAL

PLAMS POR. TROOPS AND TO RECAPITULATE THE

SUCCESSES OF THE VARIOUS UNITS IN. FORCES.)

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS DOCUMENTS _WHICH_pJEALT. POW'S MADE THE FOLLOWINGNT3_IN

A3SSSSIN0 THE POSITION. TROOPS IN SOUTH

. ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL ADVISORI AID TO SVN FAILED TO

SUITS,. WAS FORCED TO SHOW ITS TRUE COLONIALIST INTENTIONS BY SENDING TROOPS TO SVN AND BOMBING NORTH VIETNAM (NVM), AN ACTION WHICH PROVES THAT THEY ARE AGGRESSORS AND WHICH -

WILL EARNHE CONDEMNATION OF ALL PROGRESSIVE PEOPLEWORLD. . TROOP STRENGTH PROVIDESPOH CAPTURINO AND KIDNAPPING AMERICANOR CARRYING OUT PROPAGANDA BPFORTS AIMED AT

U.S. FORCES TO DEFT ORDERS AND TO SUPPORT THE VC REVOLUTIONARY

CAUSE, BECAUSE.ARTICULARLY OPPICERS,

WELL TRAINED, ARE AFRAID OF THE HARDSHIPS OF WAR. OST

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u.fl. SEHV3CEHEN are drafteeshe_ workingho have bees DSL>JI.ED. government into thinking that they are fighting to DSJ'END the free world. the task op the vc is to TAKE adv.wtags of the fact that. forces .are far from home AND lngagkdLA war, by winning themV5I thouoh they are not captives, by making them aware ofS nature of their mission in Vietnherebjp_o

Disci' tyj;;ir ranks.

3. hreefold purpose in. prisoners:AN de exploited for intelligence purposes; they can be exfiotteo for propaganda and counter-phopao/nda purposes throuch radio broadcasts and interviews published in the neutralist andST PRE3S; they can be used politically to purther

THE CAUSE OP COMMUNISM BEYOND THE LIMITED CONTEXT OF VIETNAM BYHEM, BRAIN WASHING THEM, AND CONVERTING THEK INTC COMMUNIST OR PRO-COMMUNIST CADRES WHO VILL WORK ACTIVELY FOXi THEIR OWN COUNTRY AFTERE_afiEH RELEASED.

HE 'C ALSO WAN" toARGE NUMBERO BE ABLE TO CALL FOR AN EXCHANGE OF POW'S. PAST TWO YKARS, HOWEVER, MR FIVE HAS CAFTUREO NO

FFICER SENIOR COLONEL trinh CALLED ON ALL

units to make horouohf part! and nvn government to

potior on pow> and_^xecute it correctly, failure to po so

ESULT in SEVERE PUNISHMEfcT. COLONEL THINK THEN INAUGURATED

ACAMPAIGN BTYPICAL VC UNITS-niBOUC" ROPK FOR TYING UP PRISONERS.

5. THE FIRST PHASE OF THE CAMPAIGN CONSISTED OF AN INTENSIVE INDOCTRINATION OF ALL CADRES AND TROOPS ON THE POW

0-"

fol:CCT WHaCH had BEEN in efpect since THE TIME of THE resistance against the french, BUT which had NOT always been carried out EFFECTIVELY. THIS phase, which lasted THREE months, FROM march THROPUH KiT, WAS FIIIST OKOANIZEi. BY THE PARTY COMMITTEES AT

UXVXSMON, REGIMENT,TALION LEVELS AND THEN NON-PARTY

JOBE .subjected to indoctrination.he advantaoes OF taking lp's prisonersnd

THE pollovinq reasons WERE given for vc cadres__and soldiers

failure to do SO in THE past: THE vc WERE NOT AWARE pF the

DtPOff^HCE of "aking PpW'f^ THEY wanted to avenge their cakrades

laugh:?ering the enemy, there were dipficulties_ahp.harp^htj-s

in/olved xn transferring prisoners from the UNITJTO THE nit was surrounded or had sufferedPRISONERS WERE killed to make

fi. THE second phase OP TfcB campaign, which started in . nt was.

kas entitled "emulation POR capturing SLOGANS such ASive pon is EQUAL tc SiiW deao americanERE disi nMINA'"ed and operational plans BASED on THESE slogans WERE FOlW'LATEll. ail soldiers and cadres HAD to obtain ropes, and prtc'i:ps-hation the orders checked to MAKE JURE theUP them. those who did NOT HAVE ROPES WERE SEVERELY puji'shed. the vc-WERE ordered to ENGAGECOMBAT jn ?1

tj$pj TOj&ws^^

i howl well, to give them flo ugh to fat, to. behave politely^ and to A'PltMPI to propagandize then. POW's WERE to be transferred TC Ttitppi'mmd post A3 soon as fossxble despite vhe. difficulties

s^^vrrz'tavd, even ip tkead to be carried. upon withdrawing surrounded by the enemy, pow's, wounded, and dead shouldbe fvlouacbd first, then weapons and finally i'rejjnit. . '

mijrd phase,vkxch was scheduled to be_held in early,

ecapitulation of successes and celebrations

npirt toeld tod reward outstanding

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