PROGRAM PROGRESS REPORT (W/ATTACHMENTS)

Created: 7/31/1967

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MKMOiiANDUK FOK: Diroctor, OA Itocoi)iuiiss;uicoprogress Report

Forwarded herewith aro program Progresscopies each) for OXCART and IDEALIST for0 June

. 3ACALIS Brigadier General, L'SAF Director of Special Activities

s Noted

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OXCAHT

DEVELOPMENT SUMMARY AND PHOCHESS

0

I. AIRFRAME

as released from majorflown twico during ibis reporting period. Nowero noted.

Systems, OSA,Division, OSA, the estimated cruise performance ofat Michn support of the SCOPE

II. PROPULSION

OXCART reliability records for engine and inlet systems were updated to include calendar7 accumulated oxporience. Resultsetachment flights for thoanuary to7 are summarized below;

of all flights wore completedsatisfactory engine rating.

of all flights were notbecause of engine malTunctions.

System

of all flights were completedsatisfactory inlet system rating.

of all flights were notbecause of inlet system malfunctions.

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PAYLOAD

)

During7esult of NPIC's evaluation of Type IV SN-l's validation flights, it was noted resolution had dropped markedly during Hycon was asked to take this configuration back to their plant and determine tho cause and remedy the deficiency. This was done andas returned to

S7

late in7 and is ready

for validation flight

D. Twenty-eight ) photo configuration sorties were flown during this period,

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of Flighti

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I: Sixteen missions were successful of which four were oporatlonal missions. Three non-operational missions experienced single malfunctions which were corrected to preclude future reoccurrences.

Type IX: Missions flownwere successful. Theype II cameras are located at kadena and are operationally ready.

Type IV: Four flights were successful. Postflight inspection in one instance, however, disclosod that the

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outer pane of the right oblique window was cracked. Evidence indicates the window was damaged by some object alter aircraft touchdown. One flight was only partially'/side) because failurene-ohm resistor caused the oblique head to lock inposition. Thisandom failure but couldC problem.

IV. AJRCRAFT FLIGHT TEST SUMMARY (APRIL, MAY,

Acft. No. Flights

121

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LIFE SUPPORT

A. The followingummary of Life Support Equipment Improvement Program activity:

1.. The new easier boarding life raft developed by David Clark Company has been tostod and approved for Incorporation into tho OXCART life support systom. Tho raft will bo used in parasall training at Lnko Mead during

2. New improved shoulder harnesses were received and incorporated into tho ejection system during

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to the parachute pack,reduce headrest/parachute interference andreliability, have been evaluated and Minimum testing is required

before incorporation. Installation of tl^ rooooo

beaconas been developed, however, testing is being held in abeyance because of reported beacon deficiencies.

The David Clark Company has redesigned the primary, undersuit, flotation garment to provide higher flotationore vertical orientation in the water. It is anticipated the prototype willvaluated during

Both Lockheed Aircraft Corporation (LAC) and Firewel have developed and tested batfery packs for visor emergency heat. Both will be tested and evaluated further during7inal selection isin

The Firewel Company's heat/altitude chamber has been completely overhauled for studies of man's tolerance to heat under complete loss of an aircraft's cooling system. The final plans of the details of the study will be established during

A summary report on the problem of reflectance and the use of the PPG visor is being prepared.

Because of long load time, required tests, and costs involved, the developmenteat Kit Automatic Development System was cancellod in

B. BLACK SHIELD gave rise, to the following activity:

1. anual on-off selector for the parachute installedescue beacon and an improved mounting

bracket were developed by Fourtests were proposed ly rsu/ksufor use in BLACK SHIELD operationalwill be performed

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2. Six standard USAF personnel lowering devices were obtainodriority basis fron tho dopot Rocketjet Engineering Corporation is fabricating new seat cushions which will incorporate the device which is intended toroo'd pilot to lower ype evaluation will bo in7 and delivery of operational items will follow soonost.

VI. OTHER COMMENTS

a Tno.BLACK SHIELD SCfcDM record performance was ovalu-ated as satisfactory.

.nreview oi the air-conditioning system in the OXCART aircraft was conducted toetter under, standing of potential problem areas which might bo associated with operation in the warm, high-humidity environment at Kadena AB, Okinawa.

D. The semi-annual2 Aircraft Experience Data and Systems Reliability publicaTToli has been updated threshIt Is now being printed and will be available for distribution during the wook of

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OXCART

OPERATIONAL SUMMARY AND PROGRESS0

I - DEPLOYMENT SUMMARY (SPINDLE)

approval to deploy to Kadona AB,conduct operational missions against targets inwas received on Quick Reactionactions were completed according to schedule andof2 aircraft was targotod to deploy on

ummary2 aircraftKadcna AB,

No.

OX5T2 NOX513

Date of Arrival

777

Aircraft No.

Time Enroute

s departure was delayedours due to weather.

Missionrecautionary landing at Wake Island on7 after elapsod flight tineoursinutes. Tho remaining flight leg was flown on7 utilizing subsonic/buddy tactics with time enrouteoursinutes.

II. COMMAND POST EXERCISE

A Command Post Exerciso (CPX) was initiated7 for tho purpose of exercising command, control, and coordination procedures required toLACK SHIELD operational mission from Kadena AB, Okinawa. The exercise was terminated on7 to prepare for the first operational mission.

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III. OVERFLIGHT SUMMARY (PI.VWHEEL)

Followingummary of operational missions flown during tho periodhrough2 aircraft; all missions were launched from and recovered at Kadena AB, Okinawa:

No.

TIME

ietnam

7777

Hrs.40

Hrs.28

rs.52

Good Mins. Good

Comment

as the first "double loop" or double penetration mission performed.

Missionreliminary results indicated another highly successful Mission. This was the first OXCART mission

IV. FORWARD BASE EXERCISE (JULIET)

A Forward Baso Exercise was conducted at Incirlik AB, Turkey by the OXCART Division during the period Representatives from Project Headquarters, SAC/Boale andarticipated as observers. Tho exorcise was highly successful and no problem areas were encountered, which would proclude operational missions being flown from this base.

V. CONTROL AND SEPARATION OF AIRCRAFT ABOVE

A meeting was held at FAA onof Project Headquarters, 9th SRW, BualeSAC, Headquarters USAF and FAAof the meeting was to discuss methods forin flight paths and high speed All participants agreed that thoof altitude reporting abovey use of thedesignator system was adequate and necessary

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recommended that pilots report their altitude, using the coded system, when passing from one control center to another. The above recommendation will be incorporated in FAAIA and CASFfter coordination with other users of the altitude reporting system has been effected.

VI. CONTINGENCY PLANNING

change.

EAST (SCOPE PEG)

Tho OXCART Division initiated and is continuing with "in-house" contingency planning for use of the OXCART vehicle against Middle East targets. Planning hasreliminary survey of Pease AFB, Now Hampshire,ossible launch/recovery base.

VII. PILOTS 2 AIRCRAFT LOCATION7

Pilots

ircraft

OKINAWA KADENA AB

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ay rotation schodule to/from Kadona AB, Okinawa has boon implemented for Project pilots.

Thore were two pilots in training during the previous reporting period. One wafi declared operationally roady onhe other resigned and his contract was terminated effective

Four of the sixassigned to

the Detachment and two to the riignt Test Center. 5 equippod dual seat trainer; all other aircraft8 equipped.

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VIII. PERFORMANCE DATA AND STATISTICS

- Tho OXCART effective operationalMMuel reserve over This range increase was realized by adoption ofthousand foot,s the primary air refuelingand from the demonstrated/proven performanceLockheed in Technical Data. At thea performance data mooting held att was agreed to incorporato thisdata into operational mission planning as well

as flight planning for everyday Zl training missions.

- Performance statistics-as statedeportemain unchangedith the following exception:

ime operationally ready Dotachmentours.

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IV. LIFE SUPPORT

A. The followingummary of Life Support Equipment Improvement Program activity:

A prototype sleeping bag packed seat cushion has been developed that can bo used with the prosont seat kit forodifiod seat kit for all project pilots. Final evaluation found the item completely satisfactory. ost proposal and delivery schedules wcro submitted in7 and funding has been requested.

The attaching2 cal. survival weapon to

the parachute harness was disapproved, with the concurrence of Intelligence Division, .OSA, due to potential danger of interference with parachute function and ejection clearances.

Initial evaluation indicated that the additional survival weapontoo large for safe and comfortable attachment to toe flying boot, coverall, or pressure suit of these pilots. It has been recommendedmaller weapon be utilized.

A prototypo improvod scat kit was under development during. Initial evaluation is scheduled for

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The followingummaryR Life Support System activity:

Recommendations regarding facilities and personnel requirements foro supportR life support equipment were made and agreed toeadquarters meeting, Operations, and Materiel, OSA. However, the OXCART deployment has affected these proposals, and an alternate approach must be reached.

A meeting was held between the contractors. Headquarters, Detachmont G, and USAF representatives

at LAC on Pinal configurations and test requirements forR escape system, seat kit, parachute, pressure suit, and cockpitir conditioning system were reviewed. In addition technical advisors met with contractors,-depot and materiel representatives to establish firm requirements for AGE and .spares provisioning. AGE and Tostfor support of tho0 PPA were reviewed during7 at Firewel. All items are progressing well towards completion with delivery expected to be on schedule.

0 PPA is nearly complete in terms of development as reviewed at the David Clark Company in June. The prototype suit will be fabricated during the period from July through September. Plans wereduring June for measuring, fitting, and training project pilots.

Interim (OXCART) pressure suits were being modified for LAC test pilots Test equipment and tools lor rnefiO Suits were identified and located. The Freuhauf Maintenance Van for pressure suit support was transferred to Detachment G.

V.

A preliminary performance analysis of the Blivot,A, was completed. There was very good agreement between the results of Aircraft Systems DivisionSA, and those

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of the contractor. However, due to the lack of substantiating data, ASD/OSA assumed that the proposal aerodynamic data, engine data, and gross weights were correct. Furthor analysis will be undertaken by ASD when more substantiating data become available.

B. Representatives of, attended twoon advanced aircraft and propulsion concopts.

1. Tho first briefing was given by representatives of Vehicle Research Corporation, pasadona, California, loffice This briefing

in

covered an advanced closely integrated aircraftsystem concept for the elimination .or significant reduction of sonic boom. This concept representslose integration of airframe and propulsion system that it would only be applicableomplete, newly designed aircraft. The briefing was given by

who ishooretical

2. In responseuestion from PSD/OSA asor nothis associates had ever

considered advanced aerodynamic concepts for improving high altitude capability of subsonic airfoils, the briefing was extended tooncept for reducing or eliminating induced drag of airfoils. This has been studied quite extensively and tested by Vehicle Research Corporation, andoncept which could be applied to current aircraft. Reports covering both of the above concepts have been forwarded to PSD

3. The second briefing was given by representatives of the Marquart Corporation and Aerojot-General Corporation in theonference Room on7ather advanced propulsion system referred to as SERJ, for Supercharged Ejector Ramjet. This propulsion systempeed capability tot altitudeseet andelatively high thrust to weight ratio. Itather complicated system of components, howover, topeed capability which representsach number improvement over OXCART. (Detailed memoranda, -covering both of the above briefings,

are being prepared by

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C. Sido Looking Radar Systems:

1. General discussions were held

regarding the possible turn over of theo tho

un tne Dasis or tnese conversations, and

umer rexatedaper was preparedthat tho systems be turned over to REWSON.

a visit was made to theAir Station, Headquarters of ReconAttack Wingof thentogratod Operationalincluding the carrier based integratedCenter. It appoarod from this visit thatcould, in fairly short ordor, make operational use

of then conjunction with therogram.

A visit was made to tho Hughes Aircraft Company's laboratories in Culver City; the visit was primarilywith Hughes' work ln side-looking radar. They are working with WPAPB Avionic Lab,ollow-on to therogram. The Hughos system is based on an electronic correlation technique (rather than the optical correlation of other systems). Correlation is done immediately after data collection. Whilo Hughos claims equal performance, we were not too sure, although it appears toery much faster correlation system than the optical, and much more floxlble. The applicability of the Hughes correlator to thoarrants further consideration.

The pulse compression breadboard CHIRP system has been completed and has boon undergoing test. Range resolution ofeet has been demonstrated against stationary ground targets.,and against overflying aircraft. Currently, we do not plan to continue the work beyond this breadboard effort. Some discussions have been held with the Navy on the potential use of theor investigating some Navy problems. Suchwould be done under Navy funding and supervision.

D. Side Looking Radar System,XA-1)

1.came inerbal

report on nls Visit to the University of Michigan.

films from thean be processed on the University

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of Michigan's correlator, inm widths. Resolution obtained by the University compared favorably with that previously reported byft. azimuth and IS ft. range, for the short pulse experimental flight. The speed of the U. of Michigan's correlator ishigher than the Itek correlator, although them restriction would hamper its operational usage. At the same time, we discussed the proposed Navy program, and briefed Deputy Director of Special Activities on the current status of the program. The advanced studies are progressing. The study on azimuth steering and multiple look is turning out rather unfavorably. It does not look promising as an approach to improve image interpretabllity. The CHIRP scheme is well under way and is being checked out against stationary targets and overflying aircraft. An in-house effort is looking at the directions Westinghouso would advise going on recorder improvements, probablyaser recorder. Basic drawings onR were given to Westinghouse for usereliminary look at problems of Installation. /

2. Navy has roquostcd use of theor soroo test work this summer. It has boon suggested that they address this request to us through Dr. Flax. It was also suggosted that therogram need for theo addressed to us through Dr. Flax.

E. High-Quality Photographic Data Transmission Systems:

Porkin Elmer/Human Factors: Perkin Elmer and Human Factors arc continuing to survey the literature on the field of Image Quality requirements for sampled images. The list of papers,otal, has been reviewed cursorily, and about twenty-five selected for more detailed review. This review should be completeow weeks.

Fairchild Camera Instrument Corporationwo meetings have been held to define the basic parameters of the systom. On the basis of this definition, FCIC is proceeding with the conceptual system design and program plan.

Aircraft Corporate Systems Center (UA.CSC):

A similar pair of meetings were held with UACSC. The system design is proceeding.- ough order of magnitude budget plan was submitted.

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4. General: During the week7 Hughos Aircraft and Marquardt Aircraft wore visited to asaoes their capability and interest in this field.

(a) Marquardt: Interest in Marquardt was aroused by tho appearanceouple of contracts in related fiolds. Conversations at Marquardt revealed that, while it nay have some hardware of interest, it basically is too far back in the research cycle to bo of immediate interest to us.

o. An Itek briefing ofay indicated thathaveideo transmission system forhigh quality photo-transmission from balloons, as part of another test program. We are attempting to get further data on this through Itek.

Conversation was held with Ada.,epartment of Defense experiment on high quality photography transmission;

Short conversations were held with UACSC on the programs under way. UACSC was interested in gaining access to Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) work but, vlthork above under way, they wero advised that we do not wish to pursue the quostion of access to CBS data.

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Conversation with

Interpretation uenterelativework whichFactors, did for them

in assaying the operations atI have considered having Human Factors look at the operation envisioned for the photo-transmission system to get his comments on the human element involved. They were quite well satisfied, however, it was noted that the more recent work has been split between Human Factors and Boeing.

VI. SUPPORT ACTIVITIES

C. At the request of Office of Research and Development (ORD)/DDS&T, ASD/OSA prepared and submittod commentsorth American Aviation Corporation report entitled "Technical Proposal for the Investigation of Skin Friction Drag Reduction".

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E. Arrangements wore completed for tho OSA portion of tbe DDSfcT Career Devolopmont Training Course and itssupervised.

Chief, ASD/OSA, presentedoursto tho students. The subjects(a) aircraft performance analysis mothods,

flight control and navigation systems, and

project management during the development phase. The life support section prosented three hours of instruction on the life support progran and the requirements for life support equipment onpril.

view-graph illustrated lecture onwas presented by PSD/OSA. The lecturetwo parts, (a) Propulsion System Performanceand (b) Airframo/Propulsionen minuto sound motion picture ondevelopment, eneral review ofperformance and aircraft-engine matchingin addition to propulsion system aspects

of OSA associated programs.

SSD/OSAecture on SensorCycle-and User Interface Typical reconnaissance systoms were described and some projections made with regard to future systems.

The Chief, Advanced Projects Division (APD)/OSA, lectured on advanced system devolopmont cycles and, in particular, on the ISINGLASS program.

3. inal, summary analysis of tho coursefor theareer Development Course was written. The briefing materials, course schedules,ave been consolidated and organized in order that they may beavailablo next yoar when the course might be given again.

VII. BUDGET ACTIVITY

A. At the FYudget briefing withhe

deferred action on budget request on data transmission pending review by OSA of the ovorlap with the AF program. Subsequently,

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tho matter was discussed with Col. Swoenoy, Project Officer. Col. Sweoncyisit to CBS Laboratories, one of his contractors, and is keeping OSA advised of developments The three studios for OSA undor way are drawinglose and some definitive data should be available in June The

results of the FYudget review with

were the subjecteparate memorandum datedav

B. The budgetnder sponsorship of OSAreviewed and technical support given to Comptrollerthe Justification and amounts to beudgets for sensor and aircraft related (We do not include any research in our programprimarily carries projects through development,test, and operation, basing the development onby other components of the Agency and other

c.

II. MISCELLANEOUS

B. Some minor consultations were held with Foreign Missile and Space Analysisn some problems related to usage of SLR for ocean surveillance.

COMOR, entitled, "Requirements for Image Forming Satellite Reconnaissance Responsive to Warning/Indicationsas reviewed.

D. aper bythe ISINGLASS type concep

was reviewed.

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was ret

of the original program pilots

rwu iruiu me program effective

Summary of systems test flights April, May, and

n,pril, tests on theere flown intl

Preliminary information indicates that tWu lusts wore successful.

Systemest was scheduled withnpril, which was cancelled due to inoperative system It was flown onpril. *

Additional tests conducted during the month were three air data computer flights in, two Red Dot film tests, one EKIT film test and. MULE checkout.

ay, an IR camera comparison test was flown between the "I"ircraft in an attempt toand reduce problem aroas. Evaluation of data obtained is still In progress at this writing.

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ay,lew HARD HAT tests with therototype and tho new MC recorder to thoroughly check out this equipment. Tests were successful.

ay,. MULE system was flown to test the compatability of tho. MULE hatch with5 and airborne electronic systems. All systems operated perfectly.

Five EKTT tests were flown during May. All utilized the Deltanit with various film loads.

II. PRODUCT IMPROVEMENT

validation flights on the Dopplorsuccessfully completed and the systems weresupport of an operational requirement.

U.S. MULE configurations were tested andto the systoms were performed to provideinstallation and Oscar Sierra antennaflight tests and packaging modifications will bein early May. The systems will then be roady

D. The Oscar Sierra Mark III System was flightand will require some refinement in the electronic circuitry to be considered OR.

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E. Onndune Systemsndere test flown

The

against the (

purpose for the teats was to dotormino lx these systems favorably compared with existing,, Oscar Sierra MKIIA and Oscar Sierra MKITI. Theeemed to porforra as expected and did exhibit some new and desirable operational features. eaningful comparison cannot bo made until all the flight test data and General Dynamics tests are thoroughly studied and analyzed.

modification on the MC recorder is beingto make it more compatibleumberECU equipments whichf Tho change consists primarily of addingamp to oach channel and removing the prosent IK

ohm input impedance to the MC recorder.

updated) is proso'ntly.at LAC with TRW doing the development work. will be coveredhich includesinstallation of the MC recorder in alloutfitting the vehicles with the new System 6A.

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