VIETNAMESE OFFICIALS' STATEMENTS CONCERNING THE WAR. SOVIET BLOC AND NORTH KORE

Created: 9/8/1967

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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OVIET UNION/VIETNAM/KOREA7

VIETNAMESE OFFICIALS' STATEMENTS CONCERNING THE WAR. SOVIET BLOC AND NORTH KOREAN AID TO NORTH VIETNAM.

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VIETNAMESE LEADERS

THE VIET CONG HAD THE INITIATIVE IN THEWAR AND THAT THE US WOULD EVENTUALLY BE DEFEATED BY AIN MORALE, FATIGUE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS. THE NORTH VIETNAMESENE-THIRD INCREASE IN AID8 AND PARTICULARLY ASKED FOR ANTI-AIRCRAFT WEAPONS. THEY SAID THEY EXPECT HAIPHONG TO BE BLOCKADED AND ARE PREPARING TWO NEW PORTS AGAINST THIS EVENTUALITY. THE CHINESENARMED WORKERS IN NORTH, VIETNAM AND ARE SUPPLYING LARGE QUANTITIES OF FOODSTUFFS TO NORTH VIETNAM.

ImANY SOVIET PERSONNEL HAVE BEEN WOUNDED

THAT ONE AMERICAN AIRCRAFT IS LOST FORISSILE FIRINGS IN NORTH VIETNAM BUT THAT AMERICAN COUNTERMEASURES ARE CONSTANTLYTHE RATIO. NORTH KOREA IS TO SUPPLY INCREASED AID TO NORTH VIETNAM NORTH KOREA HAS ALSOOTALIGHTER PILOTS TO NORTH VIETNAM, OF WSOM AVE BEEN KILLED ANDOUNDED. END SUMMARY.

ARTICULAR WEAKNESS IN AMERICAN STRATEGY AND TACTICS IN VIETNAM WAS THE COMMITMENT OF ONLYERCENT OF THE FORCES TO COMBAT WITH THE REMAINDERUPPORT ROLE. THE VIETNAMESE BELIEVED THE VIETCONG HAD THE INITIATIVE BECAUSE IT COULD FORCE THE US INTOTTYPES OFPREFERRED BY THE VIETCONG. THE NORTH VIETNAMESE BELIEVED THE US WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO INCREASE ITS FORCES BEYOND

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THE NORTH VIETNAMESE OFFICIALS THOUGHT THE US COULD ACHIEVE NOTHING BY MILITARY MEANS. THEY EXPECT THE WAR TO BE LONG AND THAT THE AMERICANS WILL IN THE END BE DEFEATEDREAKDOWN IN MORALE, FATIGUE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS.

THE NORTH VIETNAMESE ASKED FOR CONTINUED AND INCREASED AID FROM THE SOVIET BLOC, WHICH THEY FEEL THEY DESERVE BECAUSE VIETNAM IS FIGHTING IN THE INTERESTS OF ALL COMMUNISTEQUEST WAS MADE MAINLY FOR MORE ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY WEAPONS.

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BE BLOCKADED. THEREFORE, TWO NEW PORTS ARE BEING CONSTRUCTEDHAIPHONG AND WORKSHOPS ARE BEING BUILT IN UNDERGROUNDCLIFFS NEAR THE SEACOAST. EW PORT HAS BEEN BUILT NEARVIETNAMESE BORDER WHERE MAJOR UNLOADINGS AREPLACE. FROM THIS PORT, THE OFFLOADED CARGOES ARENORTH

CLEAR WHETHER THIS PORT WAS ON THE CHINESE OR THE VIETNAMESETHE BORD; THE LAND TRANSPORT OF

CARGOES WJ

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is addition, the north vietnamese thought vietnam was not likely to be reunited under present they said morale among their people was high and that they were eager to pursue the war.

according to statementsby soviet officials in hanoi, there'arehinese in north vietnam. the chinese are unarmed and are principally engaged in transportation and road repairs. the north vietnamese leaders

lost confidence in and became fearful of communist china after the cultural revolution began. nonetheless, the chinese are sending large food shipments to north vietnam.

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orth vietnamese delegation has

visited every soviet bloc country to discuss aid for hanoi's *

aid requests are generally one-third higher than the amounts supplied according to soviet sources, the quantity of arms supplied

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VIETNAM BY THE USSR7 IS GREATER THAN THE NORTHPOSSIBLY USE DURING THIS YEAR AND THEY SHOULD NOT TURN TOFOR ADDITIONAL AID DURING THIS PERIOD. EQUIPMENT ISPOOR MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR BY THE NORTH VIETNAMESE. HAVE SENT COMPLICATED DEVICESNSTITUTIONS IN THIS WAS NOT FURTHER CLARIFIED.)

THIS EQUIPMENT IS NOT BEING USED BECAUSE THERE IS NO WAY TO GET IT ASSEMBLED. THE NORTH VIETNAMESE ARE SEEKING EQUIPMENT OF MORE IMMEDIATE APPLICATION TO THE WAR, FIELD. WORKSHOPS AND MACHINERY FOR REPAIR AND ASSEMBLY PURPOSES. MOST RECENTLY, ONUGUST, THE NORTH VIETNAMESE COMMUNICATIONS AND TRANSPORTATION MINISTRY ASKED THE POLISH GOVERNMENT TO PROVIDE FREE TRANSPORTATION BY SHIP FROM GDANSK TO HAIPHONG FOR ONE THOUSAND RAILROAD RAILS, WHICH HANOI HAD RECEIVEDIFT FROM EAST GERMANY. THE NORTH VIETNAMESE SAID RAIL SHIPMENTS VIA CHINA WERE DIFFICULT NOW.

8. NORTH VIETNAM'S WISHES WITH RESPECT TO SUPPLIES AREEAST GERMANY PROPOSED TO THE COUNCIL FOR MUTUAL ECONOMIC THAT AN ORGANIZATION BE ESTABLISHED TO COORDINATE BLOCORDER TO TAKE CARE OF HANOI'S NEEDS. THIS WAS NECESSARY

SINCE THE VIETNAMESE WARREAT BURDEN TO THE BLOC COUNTRIES, WHICH NOW MUST ALSO MEET NEW OBLIGATIONS TO THE ARAB STATES.

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THE HOST IMPORTANTRMAMENTS ANDBEING TRANSPORTED TO NORTH VIETNAM BY RAIL VIA CHINA. REQUIRESO 25

PRKSUVABLyJ |THL ENTIRE JOURNEY AND NOT THE TIKE REQUIRED TO PASS THROUGH CHINA.) THE ONLY GOODS DELIVERED VIA HAIPHONG BY SEA ARE FUEL, CEMENT, FOOD, TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT AND OTHER BULK CARGOES. NO STRICTLY MILITARY GOODS ARE TRANSPORTED VIA HAIPHONG.

10. | DELEGATION TO NORTH VIETNAM VISITEDAND OBSERVED MANY WOUNDED SOVIETS WHO HAD BEEN ASSIGNEDAND AIR

IT IS NOT KNOWN PRECISELY WHEN THESE OBSERVATIONS WERE MADE.) THERE ARE TWO SOVIET ADVISORY GROUPS IN HANOI FOR THE AIR FORCE AND FOR THE MISSILE UNITS. SOVIET SPECIALISTS ARE ASSIGNED TO THE AIR AND MISSILE BASES. THEIR NUMBER IS ESTIMATED AT OVER TWO THOUSAND.

INFORMATION

THAT ONE AMERICAN AIRCRAFT IS SHOT DOWN OVER NORTH VIETNAM FORNTI-AIRCRAFT FIRINGS. WITH RESPECT TO MISSILES, ONE AIRCRAFT IS SHOT DOWN FORIRINGS. EFFECTIVE TACTICS AND ELECTRONIC COUNTERMEASURES BY THE AMERICANS ABE CONSTANTLY

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