LBJ LIBRARY tMaaditoffy Review
1 Qt AGES
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EVENTS AND PERSONNEL CHANGES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA
CZECHOSLOVAKIA AND PARTICULARLY IN PRAGUE. THE PEOPLE
!AC AWAKE NED FROT INDIFFERENCE AND PASSIvnY AND WERE
again TAKING AN ACTIVE INTEREST IN POL IT ICS AND PARTICIPATING
that the czech communist party tksc) under its .z'lase'd type cf socialism -jimck shcll" zz democratic, liberal and decent. such ahas ugoslavia, hussary or roma-'iiaemote from anything em the uss? there is great hope in the xsc leadership that the "peaceful revolut ion" 'i ill succeed 3ecause it is supported ;y md intellectual;. the initiative certainly cams from the intellectualsc the surprise
j" the hardATOHIJI hovotny, the workers ih
;actories had also supported the he..keeo to set the workers against the intell irenthes the tforkers railed to support hii he was isolated
-:' atter, of time until he had to go.
"ACEo great difficultiesost of the part Ymasy governmental posts are still staffedyaSTlOMASIES who owes tc party loyaltyE2 il IT y. most of these people seesherefore oppose the new party line. since
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new party leaders want to proceed emocratic fashion. they can so" summarily dismiss these functionaries. they are therefore simply 3idim3ie and have putarty congress until the positon of the HV4 hOUP has sta3lize0. the new leadership is confident of eventual victory, however, because it 3elieve5 it can coll.'jt on the overwhelming support of the people.
a. regardhe situation in the xsc presidium when elected first secret- mh^hm
b the*'defeat of novotny 3ecame possible only after the presidium had seen enlargeddding fouri mem3ers. the increased mem3ership of the presidium had 5een pregemted to the central committee as necessary "jo "prescr&^all sectors of. political life" and had been
as logical, however, this had 3eenacticajority of the votes.
5. the situation in the present central committee isroblem to the new party leadership. many of the central committee mem3ers were not elected democratically 3'jt appointed after nominationhe party apparatus
(regional secretnd central secretariat). many of these central committee members fear that they will lose their positions wider ths new leadership and therefore are vi oppose! io.'j. dh3cex intends to force theseote for his policieseries gf meetings at
i lower ?ahty organization level, he is certain of his strength here and vhei'i the lower party organizations Express their position in the form of resolutions supporting dllacek the central committee members will have to regardirect ives from the people they are supposed to represent .
s.imilar procedure 'w ill subsequently be preparedater date for chosing representatives for the party "o'jgre-shj's the delegates to the congress uill be elected
a democratic manner and these will then elect theof the new central committee.
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PERSONNEL CHANGES IN 3CTH THE PARTYAPPARATUS. ENERAL REORGANIZATION OFGOVERNMENT IS EXPECTED WITH THE SLOVAKSCONSIDERABLY MORE AUTONOMY THAN PREVIOUSLY. WIDELY BELIEVED THAT MINISTER OF FOREIGNDAVID, WILLREPLACED EITHERTOKARDEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER AND PRESENTCAIRO, OP OR. JIR1 HAJEK, PRSENT MINISTER OFiV'ALSO SPECULATION THAT PR IHEEN ART
WILLEPLACEDIS DEPUTY, OLDRICH CERNIK. THE FACT THAT CERNIK RECENTLY WENT TO MOSCOW FOR NEGOTIATIONS WITH KOSYGIN SEEN AS AN INDICATION THAT HE WILL BE THEMINISTER.
6. ANOTHER IMPORTANT' QUEST ION IS THE ROLE TO BE PLAYEDR. OTA 3IH, THE LEADING CZECH ECONOMIST WHO PREPARED THE PROGRAM FOR ECONOMIC REORGANIZATION. HIS PROGRAM CREATED MANY PROBLEMS AND WAS STRONGLY OPPOSEDHEGROUP. EVEN TODAYK PLAN" IS CONSIDERED BYY PARTY OFFICIALS AS GOING TOO FAR TOO FAST. IT IS ALSO DELIEVED THAT MOSCOW DOES NOT FULLY AGREE WITH THIS NEW
f 9 pages
program, six was expected to secome deputy
ustercharge of economic planning and the entire
economic sector. his future appointment caniewed
as an indication of how far the mew regime is willing to go
ann the field of economic li3eralism.
USSR HAD* TROOPSHE CZECH-EAST GERMAN BORDER IN CASEDURING THE LAST TWO WE
DOTTHAT THE SOVIETS VIEW THE RECENTC'.ECHOSLOVAXIA FAVCRA3LY. REGARDING THEMEETING IN DRESDEN, EAST GERMANY, ONARCH SITUATION IN THE CSSR WAS THE (IAIN
DISCUSSION.SOVIETS PUT A
T ON HOW-FAR DU3CEKf^HPMAIN OBSTACLEEAL DEMOCRATIZATIONOF THE SOCIALISTTHE NEW LEADERSHIP IN PRAGUE PROCEEDS
'.iiREFULLY AND TEP GOOD PROGRESS CANCE^B V
AfiTI-SGCIALIST CR AfiTI-SOVIET MOVEMENT INVOLVED IN THEEVOLUTION IN THE %
MOVEMENT FOR DEMOCRATIZATION AND LIBERALIZATION OF THE SYJTEM
UN VIEW OFEOGRAPHIC SITUATION AND ITS POLITICAL, ECONOMIC AND MILITARY IMPORTANCE TO THE USSR AND THE SOVIET 3LOC, THE CSSR CANNOT START AN ANTI-SOCIALIST OR AMTI-SdVlET POLICY. THE USSR WOULD NOT ALLOW THIS. THIS IG THE MAIN LINE WHICH THE NEW REGIME MUST FOLLOW
'THE NEW LEADERSHIP KNOWS THIS VERY WELL 3tf DID NOT CONSIDER DUBCEK AS SOMEONE WILLI^TO START ANOVIET LINE.
11. REGARDING THE POSSIBILITY OF MORE INDEPENDENCECSSR
LOTS OF TIME AND IT WOULD SE WRONG TO STARTOLICY RIGHTHE CSSR NEEDS JIORE INDEPENDENCE AND MOST OF THE PEOPLE SYMPATHIZE WITH THE WEST,
PEOPLE WANT IS MORE DEMOCRACY AND LIBERTY. THE OTHER