INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIONS OF US PEACE GROUPS -- III (IN PAST 2 MONTHS TH ERE HA

Created: 2/28/1968

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Central Intelligence Agency8

MEMORANDUM

subject: International Connections of us Peace

GroupsIII

Ke have continued tolose watch on the international connections of Individuals nnd groups active in the US peace movement. Durincj tho two months since our lost review of thisthere have been no major developments on tho peace front nor has any now information come to light that would lead us to alter thereached in our original study.'*

Contacts and communications on thepeace network appear to have dropped off sharply from the peak levels reached around the time of the world-wide protest demonstrations in October and the second session of theWar Crimes Tribunal" in December. nly noteworthy events so for this year involving

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"International Conneotiona of US PeaceS'

American activists on the international level were the release of three more prisoners of war and the large demonstrations against the Viotnam war hold in Wost Berlin.

..The following paragraphs discuss aspects of those rocent developments.

3. Continuing coordination betweon US peace activists and tho Northevelopment reviewed at length in our original study, was evident

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leading US activist, David Dellinger,

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was the principal contact for Hanoi in arranging the return of tho three American prisoners earlier this month. Dellinger claimed publicly that the North Viotnamoso had asked him to nominate two peaco leaders to receive tho prisoners in Hanoi and accompany thorn on their return to the US.

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tho prisoners as far as Vientiane, where theelected to transfer to US militaryhe "Defense Committee" organized by Dellinger and Tom llayden in November (see our reporto "encourage the release" of POWs and "defend" their rights presumably was instrumental in the negotiations with Hanoi, but no evidence of this has come to hand.

Hanoi also kept in touch with peaceinvolved in other enterprises. Forits women's front sent*messages to' women's peaco organizations in Western Europe and the US (Women Strike for Peace) urging all-out support for former Representative Jeanettc Rankin's peace march in Washington.

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he much ballyhooed "VietnamIn West Berlin in mid-February wasall-Goiman show. Despite speculation thatof leading lights among US peaceDollinger and Stokolyno major US loader turned up. Americanwas limited to SNCC activistSmith and four littlo-notodemocratic .Society.

8. Ralph Schoenman's activities seem to haveignificant new turn,

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jj^3 The special target of Schoenman's efforts since his arrival here reportedly has been the Black Power-movement, and the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in particular. His objective apparently is to involve militant negro olemcnts.actively in the anti-Vietnam war agitation and to forge organisational links between the two movements. He hopes to achiovo this by convincing the racist organizations that their struggle for "liberation" and the struggle against the war have the same adversary and aro fundamentally the same struggle.

9. This is not an entirely now tack for "itSohoonman. His marked Trotskylto tendencies have predisposed him as much toward revolutionary struggle as toward pcaco. Ha has been an exponent of the "war of liberation"articular admirer of Che Guevara and the doctrines of Castro. Stokr. ely Carroichael's visionThird Korld"itself from white oppression is one which

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ia not only congenial to Schoenman's way ofbut one which can be readily adapted to the Vietnam cause.

10. Schoenroan claims to.have carried hia ap-poal to all the major Black Power strongholds inX-the US and to have been accepted by at least some militant groups. Much of this can bo put down to Schoenman's tendency to exaggerate and to inflate his own importance. It would be surprising if rooroew Black Power advocates found either Schoenroan himself or his ideas very appoallng. Asideew internationally oriented leaders, tho militant Negro movement has shown little interest in peace issues. Their concern over Vietnamis limited to such areas as the draft and racial discrimination in tho services. Many Negro activists would, of course, be quite willing to use Schoenraan, his funds, and his extonsivoto serve their own ends.

11. Schoenman's missionary work among the Negro militants roportediy has produced several

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12. In addition, Schoenman and John Wilson of SNCC have been involved in the establishmentcommission' whose purpose will be to draw tho various black communities into tho warmovement. The composition and tactics of tho commission, which will be staffed largely by SNCC personnel, are to bo worked out at ato be hold at some tiroo in tho future, possibly the national conference on "Blacks Against tho Draft and In Resistance to tho War" which Schocnman and SNCC leaders reportedly have been planning for April.

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