RESTLESS YOUTH

Created: 9/1/1968

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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Restless Youth

SANITIZED

,lj qi-gg By ^ ARA

APPROVED IDR RELEASf DATE:1

8

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The SundicaI ists

The foremost example of efforts by the IUS tohannel co the dissidents has been its recent attempts to woo the Syndicalist movement of Western Europe. The idea of the French students in thes, was that "young intellectual workers" should participate fully in the_pplitical process and enjoy living allowances, free OTition and othercommensurate with their position. This had little to do with the revolutionary syndicalism of fin de siecle Europe, and even less to do with latter-day corporativism. If anything itrotskyite tinge. The notion found favor elsewhere in Europe in thend gave rise to the Eurooean Syndicalist Student Organization ESE has an international secretariat in Amsterdam for the purpose of coordinating the activities of its national affiliates and exchanging information on mutual problems. It has affiliates in Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, England, The Netherlands, Ireland, Luxembourg, and Switzerland, as well as exile groups purporting to represent Portugal and Spain.

The IUS shunned CESE with its Trotskyite-idealist benthen there evidentlyecision by the IUS or in Moscow to attempt to gauge the nature and extent of student unrest in the West by Infiltrating CESE's rather loose organizational structure and,o seek some voice in CESE's national affiliates.

There is evidence to suggest that at least part of whatever coordination and/or liaison there has been among European dissidents has been channeled in some way through CESE. 8 CESEa two-day meeting on Vietnam in Berlin,

A real cultural revolution workingew dynamic educational system led byuniversities" inreed television new experiments in other communications media, including literature and the theater, could leadapid evolution in mass consciousness of the social situation, to the point where the gap between the "real" country and thecountry becomes too wide, the lack of representivity of present-structures and leaders too patent, new solutions and new leaders appear on the left, and the explosion, either peaceful or violent, follows."

Given these views, the New Left's rejection of traditional electoral politics is not surprising. After De Gaulle dissolved the National Assembly and calledlebiscite onay, the radicalsthe elections as "treason" and printedwhich readave already voted at the."

The Gaullist parliamentary victory in June which wrote an end the crisis of May. further increased their dissatisfaction with all forms of peacefulchange, and it is unlikely that the radicals will be brought tothe foreseeable future--democratic methods of attaining their goals.

Outside Influences

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^tuacntenbund, the West German radical student grouoinor role. Cohn-Bendit has contacts in this organization, members of it traveled to France to take part in the demonstrations (apparently on their personalnd the organization made at least token financial contributions.

i:

however, making some effort to gain contactand one ofstill-active

Old grads, MIUBLMH claims that while the

EXhe SDS has good relations with the metal, chemical, andtransport workers. Many SDSJjj^M

are regular instructors in trade union eaders of the left wing of the Berlin SPD, Harry Ristock and Erwin Beck, took part in a

Xnt by the SDS. After the Dutschke shooting, the Berlin SDS became the major elementoalition of the Berlin (APOJ CalledParliamentary Opposition

An organization or

secondary school students, the Action Center ofand Socialist Pupils,ort of junior auxiliary. Peter Brandt, son of the Foreign Min-

f h"eraber of another schoolwith the SDS: the Independent

Contacts With East Germany The Kommuneroups)

regular visits to the Chine so

Communist Embassy in East Berlin.

Major SDS leaders are probably not controlled by the ruling East German Socialist Unity Partynd the radical students can be expected to plan their own action programs, regardless of Ulbricht's wishes. The SDS worked with older West Berlin leftists, who were in touch with the SED, in planning demonstra-tions_on^ie^nam^ in

West Berlin and Westnot sympathetic toward the ultraorthodoxshould be noted, however, _that, aside fromof the West German Communist Party, thefor years beenidespreadand subversion effort aimed at Westand mass organizations; this ^program,of the SED's West Department,at students. -Much of the Westbegins with guided tours, seminars,"discussions" with groups or individualsthe GDR, among whom are many students. SDS*Democratic SHB, and Liberal LSD membersexample, invited to festivities in7istoricon the Wartburg The Westalso contacts West German students in East German Communist Youth (FDJ)attended the SDS convention innd East German literature was

ers called for intensified contacts with the FDJ and with Soviet students.

West German students, including the less radical, are inclined to think that such contacts serve to promote German unity, and that they can elude SED influence and indeed weaken the hold of the SED on its own youth. They are not in every case mistaken. But the SED apparently hopes toa network of intermediate-level controlledin student (as in other) organizations, and then to use these contacts to manipulate the organizations. Where the students are largely anarchist or Maoist, as in Berlin, the SED will have difficulty in gaining influence.

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