SOVIET AND EAST EUROPEAN GENERAL PURPOSES FORCES

Created: 12/4/1969

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

Soviet and East European General Purpose Forces

intelligence memorandum

49

- LEL.KL.

CONTENTS

Page

THE PROBLEM

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS DISCUSSION

I. INTRODUCTION

II. GROUND FORCES

Fronts Armies and Corp* Divisions

Categories of Readiness Division Equipment Armored Vehicles Artillery Support Missile Support

Nuclear. Chemical and Biological Wrap

III. TACTICAL AIR SUPPORT AND THEATER AIR DEFENSE

Ground M

1ft

I-

6

Electronic

8

IS

Pilot

Surface-to-Air Missiles and Anti-Alrcraft Artillery

Transport Aviation and Helicopters.

Air Munitions .Mr Defense Fighters Warning and Control

?A

IV. SERVICE SUPPORT OF THEATER FORCES V. GENERAL PURPOSE NAVAL FORCES

Present Forces

Recent Operational Activity Capabilities Against Submarines ..

5 26

6

Capabilities Against Naval Task Forces and Searf Communica-

Capabilities (or Sustained Long-Range

Capabilities lur Nuclear Cbemical. and BiologicalAIRLIFT AND SEAL!FT

Airlift and Air 'I .': Capabihrtca

nd ScaliH

S

VH. THE CONTRIBUTION OF EAST EUROPEAN FORCES

General

Ground Forces

Air Forces

Naval Forces

VIII. THEATER WARFARE CAPABILITIES

.11

33

34

4

Mobilization

Against Europe- .

Against China

IX. TRENDS9

Theater Forces Deployments

7

.'i.s

Ground Force.

Tactical Aviation and Air Defense Equipment

Naval Forces

East European Forces

Soviets probably will continue tofor the use of shore facilities such as those made available by the UAR and Syria.continue to beliew that with their pn-vent rrsourm the Soviets can support only htruled rlnasal operations on the high seas Inr extended periods of rime, or larger operationsew weeks Without overseas naval shore support facilities any major in-iTi-asciig-raugv surface operations would require augmentation of costing auxiliary forces, not only with oilers and cargo ships from the mcrdunf Beet, but also will) ships designed to provide specialized technical support to navali

Capobilities for Nuclear. Chemical, and Biological Warfare

SS. UVapons. We believe tlul nuclear weapons have hern allocated to the gnieral purpose navnl forces. Nuclear weaponsariety of types and yields are available for delivery by air- and surface-launched cruise missiles anda small number of torpedoes and depth bombs Soviet naval cruise missiles could carry chemical warheads. The mosl likely candidates for such warheads are those cruise missiles used by naval coastal defense units. Chemical shells for navalmounted on destroyers and cruisers are probably also available; such shells are stored in port and placed on ships only during major exercises or in

tftim, The Soviets continue to construct ships with water washdowti jyv tems, hermetically sealed lompartmrnts. filtered ventilation systems, andstation* that would enable those ships to carry out their assigned missionsuxic chiiological, or radiological (CBR) environment. Extensive training is provided for the maintenanceermanent, high level of CBR readiness foe the various naval units

VI. AIRLIFT ANDT

Airlift one Air Assault Capabilities

he Soviets continue to add to their military air transport capabilities. There arc now as manyedium transports assigned to military transport units, of whichreubs.f the latter provide tbe main intertheatrr lift for iheater forces and haveain mission the support of airborne troops. These could tilt assault elements of two airborne divisions for airdropadius ofo Some Cubs have Unproved range andf these could liftaratroops with supporting equipmentadius ofaximum range. In an emergency, this lift capability could be augmented by other military tmmpoct and bjf medium- and tontj-iaiigche Soviet Civil Air Fleet.

So The range and pas load limitations of theitdrnoore the importance of the neweavy transport, wrnxh can carryounds of

ciUjiu ortroopsadius nf.ange. The

Original document.

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