directorate of intelligence
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Sino-Soviet Talks Make no Headway
Sino-Soviet negotiations in Peking have entered their fourth week with no indication of even preliminary agreement. The Chinese, concerned over the Soviet military build-up on the border, appear to be pressing hardirm preliminaryon military disengagement in disputed areas in order to avert further conflicts. Such an accord would satisfy most of Peking's objectives in advance of the ralks by demonstrating China's "reasonableness" andthe threat of Sovietwithout jeopardy to China's long-standingand territorial claims against the USSR.
The Soviets apparentlyto pressomprehensive settlement that would help remove the border issue from the list of fundamental Sino-Soviet Moscow is fully aware of its present political andadvantage over China, and may be withholding agreementactical military disengagementroader agreement onterritorial issues is reached. The Soviets apparently also want to link any agreement on border problems with steps leading to some normalization of state relations.
Although the Sovietsmaintained an optimistic
public attitude regarding the talks, several Russian political journalists indicated last week to US officials that the Soviets were finding the going difficult in Peking. They speculated that the Chinese were using the talks to "gain time" and to lull the USSR with false hopes ofrelations.
sn steps to publicize their version of theong Kong Communist newspaperovember attributed the lack of progress in Peking to Moscow's desire to negotiate from aof strength and strongly reiterated the Chinese contention that an agreement to calm the frontier must precedeon substantive issues.
Despite the initial neither side has shown any desire to break off the talks and both are making serious efforts to continue negotiations
eacn delegation are meetingin an effort to break the current deadlock. Moreover, each side continues to mute propaganda attacks against the other, and some limited progress has been
nade toward establishing more cordial diplomatic relations. Soviet President Podgorny,last weekd anniversary of the Russian revolution, expressed the hope that the talks would help to normalize relations between the two countries. The Chinese sent unusually warm anniversaryto the Soviets this year, and high-ranking Chinese officials, including the head of the Chinese delegation to the Poking talks, attended the Soviet Embassyreception in Peking for the first time since the start
* *Original document.