WS: COMMUNIST CHINA - USSR

Created: 7/24/1970

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

The WEEKLY SUMMARY, issued every Friday morning by the Office of Current Intelligence, reports and analyzes significant developments of the week through noon on Thursday. Itincludes materia) coordinated with or prepared by the Office of Economic Research, the Office of Strategic Research, jnd the Directorate of Science and Technology. Topicsmore comprehtnMte treatment and therefore publishedas Special Reports art listed in the contents pages.

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The WEEKLY SUMMARY contains classified informationthe national security of the United States, within the meaning of. of the US Code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to orby an unauthorized person is prohibited by law.

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absence from Peking of the chief Soviet negotiator. Deputy Foreign Minister Kuznetsov. has not disrupted the deadlocked Sino-Sovietnegotiations. Soviet Foreign Ministry officials privately informed foreign diplomats last week that since Kuznetsov returned to Moscow onune the talks have been continuing on abasis under the supervision of his deputy, General Gankovsky. Kuznetsovis recovering from the Illness that forced his departure, but one Soviet diplomat hinted last week that the envoy would not be returning to the talks.

Neither Soviet nor Chinese officials have commented on recent Western press reports from Moscow which claim that Deputy ForeignIhchev has been designated as Kuznetsov's replacement in the Peking talks. Ilichcv. who was Khrushchev's chief propagandist and who was closely associated with the anti-Chinese polemics of the, has been in partial disfavor since Khrushchev's ouster. Although the Chinese would probablyomewhat jaundiced view of Ihchev's nomination, his appointment would satisfy their desire to have the talks continue at the deputy foreign minister level. At the same time, it would serve Soviet interests by allowing Moscow to assign Kuznetsov to productive work elsewhere.

Soviet officials, meanwhile, have informed the US that the widely rumored exchange of ambassadors between Moscow and Peking will take placether diplomats in Moscow report that the Chinese,hree-monthhave finally approved Moscow's choice, re-poitcd toormer high-ranking propaganda official. Vladimir Stepakov. Western diplomats in Peking also add that China has in factby nominating Liuoreign Ministry official who had been in trouble during the Cultural Revolution, as ambassador to

Given Peking's stony silence on the issue and the Soviets' penchant in the past for making overlyself-serving-noises about an ambassadorial exchange, it is difficult to assess the validity of the latest rumors. Late last year, Peking reportedly agreed "in principle" toambassadors, but since then it has con-sistently refused to grant agrement to Moscow's nominee. The Chinese have feared that Moscow has been irritated over the lack of progress at the border discussions and would exploit thein order to downgrade the negotiations to the ambassadorial level and to bring Kuznetsov home. If the reports, that Moscow now intends to replace Kuznetsovimilarly high-ranking envoy, turn out to be true, however. China's suspicions over an ambassadorial exchange might be substantially reduced.

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