.'CIA HISTORICAL"REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE AS SANITIZED
KQORANDUM TOR: Mr. Joseph HintseS, Director Office of Economic Bosoarch
Department of State
Bilateral AirwortMnoan Agreement Roquosted by tho USSR
his memorandumesponse to your phone request and lubsoquont memorandum ofanuary.
2. Our knowledge of Soviet airworthiness practices in small. It is based largoly on US experience in negotiating with Soviot officials for the Moscow-Now York oir service. Our data onof the Soviet Ministry of Civil Aviationnd about Soviot aircraft plants are better. rief discussion of thoso matters ia sot forth below.
Wo do not believe that the Soviets have developed an elaborate nystom of airworthiness regulations comparable to that of the United Stated and the United Kingdom. When US officialsopy of Soviet airworthiness standards duringfor tho Moscow-New York air service, they were told that those standards were In publication and would be issued inonth. It was moreear before they were received. KAA analysis of the standards indicated that they were probablyespecially for the US, that theyatchwork soloction frost American and British standards with an admixture of standards .for Soviet military aircraft.
U. The Soviets may by now havoet ofSoviets understand the concepi, Vl OAil<oi uiioess. Therehowever, thst the service life of Sovietood deal shorter than American and British Moreover, their communications and navigationalfar short of most Western standards. In order to sellto an Italian customer recently, the Soviets agreed towestern navigational equipment on the aircraft.
Administration and Enforcement
current Soviet airworthiness practice may be,probably the joint responsibility of the Ministry of Civiland the Ministry of-the Aircraft Industry. Primary responsi-probably rests, and specifically with theof Chief Engineer, which is the highest'authority"The-Off ice-of-Chief Engineer-haa-.twoAviation Engineering Services end Technical"'Repair and aDepartment. -The latter prepares thend coordl-
-nates-the- desiiff of snd -introduction of new -aviation
mated, systems.and research equipment used by Aeroflot. Whether it
the specifications for newarious, design bureaus within the Ministry of the Aircraft" Industry-probably are also concerned with airworthiness standards.
of Soviet airworthiness standards laoybe^theof the Chief Inspector of ffiA, who is chargedinspection of all aspects of Aeroflot's operation. Thehave sufficient engineering capability both'fh MGA andof the Aircraft. Industry to handle enforcement ifto do so. There is also an extensive system of qualityin the Soviet aircraft industry to ensure that theto specifications. Although not aa rigorous as inplants, quality control in Soviet aircraft plantsbe adequate*
Soviet Planta Producing Civil Aircraft
Possibly Ulan Ude
or Othor Ho^Llcopters Production
No no Planters
Vialtod in Past?
No 'No Yob No
No Yes ft
Antonov's doslgn bureau also at this locoiiori.
Other Tupolev-designed aircraft have been produced at this plant.
8 Fob 71
Plant Visited in Past?
Soloviev's design bureau also a* this location.
Ivchenko's design bureau also at this location.
8 Feb 71Original document.