DETENTION OF THREE U.S. PRISONERS OF WAR IN DAM DOI DISTRICT, AN XUYEN P ROVINC

Created: 8/11/1971

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

SUBJECT: Detention of. Prisoner* ofin Dam Doi District, An Xuyen Province, South Vietnam

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4 until0risonercter.ttor. camp, subordinate lo the Viet Cong (VC) Propaganda and Training Section of the VC Militaryas locpted on ihe banks of the Cai

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Ngai river (WOn Dam Dol district. An Xuyen province.(SVN). In0 orden were received to moveto the COSVN base camprom at leasthe camp held. Army peraonnel

three of. prisoners wers captured in TanTan Locn Xuyen province. SVN. but the date ofunknown. One of the men was known aa First Lieutenant9 meters tall, weighedilograma, had blond ahort hair and

a receding larehcad. His eyes were hazel, and his complexion waa fair. Helim build and do visible scare, tattoos or birthmarks. His prominent facial featuresounded chintraight, flat note. His estimated age wasears. The second man was an Army sergeant who waa around J.elera tall, weighedilograms, had blond ahort hair and very light ha&el eyes. He was slender and appeared approximatelyearn old. Hit* nose and chin were pointed and straight. The sergeant had no visible scan, tattoos or birthmarks. His complexion was very pale. The third man was an Army capt tin whose height was arou'ideighing overilograms, with blond hair, haicl eyesight, ruddy complexion. d no distinguishing birthmarks, scars or tattoos, except for flesh wounds on hie right arm, the right aide of his waist, and hia right leg which ha received during his capture. Heravy build and appeared approximatelyears old.**

man was jailed separatelyooden hut raised offground by stilts. Each hutpproximatelyeters wide,

4 meters long andeters high. The huts had no windows and only one door which could be lockedetal hasp lock. 'Monkey bridges" (largtf logs raised above the ground by stilts) afforded the only access to the cell* and othcr'buildings of tho camp. The cells were approximatelyeters apart in order to Isolate the prisoners, while an interrogation

ES.t; it wan probable that the

camp moved out ol Searea by the end ofS^dld not know the new location of the camp.

fr'ffitfJySCommcnt: Photographs of. personnel missing or auspe.cttd Of Dtlng captured In An Xuyen province

weren^ the Jojnt Personnel Recovery Centeraigon, and shown to HM He was unable toositive identification from these phot

room similar In construction lo the cells vet someeters from the cells. Approximatelyeter* from the prisoners' huts were quarters /or the guard platoon which housed approximatelyersonnel. In addition, there vere separate huts for the camp director'a office and kitchen. The surrounding topography was flat, muddy and impossible to travel by land. Tbe only way out of the camp was by sampan. There it small pieruardhouse located some distance from the camp.

the exception ol the Array captaiu, tbe prisonersleniently and allowed liberal privileges. They were permittedabout In their buts and could leave to eat in the kitchen or go toprovided they notified the guards. They were not escorted,

but were watched by the guard on duty. Tbe only restriction placedmen was that they could not talk or congregate amongtwo p- Uoner* with liberal privileges were

toothpaste and toothbrush, two pairs of pajamas and eating utensils, were allowed to keep these Items in their cells. amboo matmosquito act were given to each man. but there waa no otherstrong cojitratt to tbe treatment given to these two ^rlaoncra,was chainedetal bar which traversed the length of hlametal ring was attached to both the bar and hla'foot. Ha couldand move back and forth within hit cell, but only with greatguard* "brought him food, and twocorted him outside'to Although hooaqulto net and mat. he was notkeep any ether Items and was given soup, toothbrush and eatiugbefore bathing or eating. The captain was treated In thishe aad attempted* to tic^ from tha camp on twohe wa* captured the second time, one of the guards. Tuon the head with the blunt cod of an axe. Because of hitand his adamant rofucal to cooperate with his ctt] ors,were very harsh with him, and some of the methods ol tr< directly contrary to the camp director's crdera. After oac the camp director, Muol llor-g, told the staff trat the cajnot to he beaten or mistreated, but tlie guards felt that theydbecause of the incidents and took it out on the'.*

beating, the captain still rcfuncd to cooperate .vith tho captors, chained to the bar in his hut. and his food ration was cut in half.

prisoners wore feday, atours each day. They were given fish and vegetable soup, dr(ed crab meat, cuttle fioh and rice, although not al) at each meal.

They receivec aboutilogram of this fare per day plus allthey could eat. The Army captain, however, received half The lieutenant and sergeant were allowed to go into thecafwith the guards and after dinner they smoked cigarettesto converse with the guards. The lieutenant ate f'rstreturned to hi* cell before the aergeant was allowed to cat. brought the captain's food to his ceU. The prisoners werehealth and did not look undernourished. The captain,half rations, appeared stocky and strong both physicallyedical technician from0 medical unllcams once lo examine the prisoners but did not administeror treat them. No vitamins were given to tbe men. Onthe aergonnt, who claimed toedical technician,of the stuff membersad tooth. The sergeant was notadminister to hla fellow

6. The prisoners occasionally were taken into an interrogation room set apart from the cells. Betweenndcr example, the captain waa interrogated twice and the other two prisoners once each. Each session lasted about two hours. There were twe North Vietnamese interrogators.ndlfalPborig. and one interpreter, Ba Sanh, Southa Sanh that the captain was the only one who refused to" cooperate; he would not even give his name or aarUl number. Attempts at indoctrinationas futile aa physicaleam of photographers from the Propaganda and Training Section ofeadquarters came Into the campried to take pictui ea of the captain, but ho refused and turned his hear1 away from the camera. The other two prisoners cooperated and identified the captain to tho

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interrogation reports prepared by English; noanu>

preclude unauthorised personnel from learning about the prisoners or the

j;English reports were sent out from the camp by messengereek toeadquarters. He didnow the number of re port.

fttwo interrogators were very friendly to llie

prisoners, but they had dlff iculiics with the Aiuty captaln^tfhcy attempted to indoctrinate the officer many times, but to nol know what success tho interrogators hud with the other two prisoners. Tht interpreter also wafc friendly and occasionally would converse, with the prisoners about their personal health and welfare. ule, tho support staff and Interrogators, with the exception of tbe guards, were friendly ard humane loward the prisoners.

9. The security of the camp was maintained byn the camp area and there were no other unit" in theto provide back-up security In cane of attack. forces.erimeter guard assigned to prevent pereomvel from enteringvia the rivnr. One security guard was postcc near the cellsa roving check of the three cells continuously. TheKl and K2 sub-machine guns. Ml carbines.e andautomatic weapon. The Interrogators,f* pistols on their person at all timetas no

radio transmitter but that be hadio receiver, made in Holland,ape recorder. Tbe only vay to get word outside the camp was by messenger and then only Rt night because of the danger of being detected by tlie enemy. I'crsonnal were allowed to leave only when on duty. While off duty, Ihe guards and stuff wero restricted to

one of tbe reports from the ieulenant concerned an outpost inphonetically spelledu,ttached to theAs te&ted atn his command of Kngli&h, both written and oral, and it was determined that he waa nol capable ofany more than the rud'ments of writtennd could speakords ofh fr'ivi|^

^jgggsyComrrient: As stated inlhe preliminary report on. Prisoners of War was shown to the Joint Prisoner Recovery Centerhich advised that the physical dascrip tions of two of these POW'i matched those of Lieutenant Bowers and Sergeant Baea, who were missing In action together oahey added that one of the physical descriptions also matched dial of Sergeant First Class Parrit-h, who was missing ia action on The above report has also been shown to JPRC for their comments, and thoy have nothing additional to add on First Lieutenant Brown (thought to he Bowers) or Sergeant Farxish. With regard lo the rocalcltrant captain, the JPRC advised that the physical description la almllar to thai. Marine Corps Captain Donald Cook, who was captured near Tay Nlnhn Flo was reputed to be very uncooperative with his captors. Thla was learned trcm 5P4 Charles Crafts, who was in the same camp with Cook from5 tond later repatriated. Crafts reported tbat Cook had been determined to escape. JPRC added that there is no recordaptain fitting Cook's description captured or missing In action inowever, they stateaptain currently carried as missing in action (Captain Wclshan) has black hair, brownwarthy complexion and was downed in that area,

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