AN iNf0>MAT,ONiNAUY EVAlUATiS INTIWOINCI
REPORT NO DATE DiSTR.
COUNTRY South Vietnam
SUBJECT* Organization and Activities,h
* Vietnam,OURCE ^
Summary. Tho5 Military and Prisoner- of War Camp was established in5 in Quang Ngal Province. It moved several times and in autumn8 was located at Sa Ngang,m, west of Tra Bong District Town. Parts of the camp may have been moved since early December.
he camp was'emporary detention facility for detainees or prisoners, prior to sending"!
Vlot Cong (VC) Military and Prisoner of WarDetention Camp5 was established5 In Quang Ngai Provlnco, Southas been moved three times within thVprovincencluding the move to its present location Sain the autumnite close to Nuiand
Nui Ong Stream, aboutilometers west of Tra BongQuang Ngai Province (vjcinity Thearea has heavy jungle-type foliage andcover for the camp. There are no othorinstallations in the Immediate, area, although theroand scattered groups of Montagnards in theseparation and language differences are there aro no security problomn
as under the direction andVC Colonel Nguyen Long , awyer andcourt presiding judge of VC Military RegionHoang Minh Tan, olitical officer representing
both Hanoi and the National Front^for the Liberation, of _
South Vietnam (WFl'SVK) mUI'tary/political superior echelons..
riginally areabr"_yc nnd North
of sentences. Over the years, however, thisand5 took on many permanent typo including trtdcttbileV.<leGenTIon, .
Unoertne new system, Ba and Tan reported to the Hanoi
Judiciary. Department, the Military/Political Staffs of VC Military Regionand- higher. 'Central, Office, for South . fy.
Vietnam' (COSVN) echelons
3. 5 waa composed of two distinotseparatedistance ofilometers. area was under the control of Nguyen Duy ear old political officer and native of Quang(NVNj_^
This camp housed and managed VC/NVA military prisoners. The second camp was under" the control of (fnu) 5 year old politicalofflee and native of SVN, _and was known as Phuong's camp or Phuong's element. This camp housed and handled POWs. At the ond ofhero woreetainees andentenced prisoners
in Hong's"Vf "
,merican personnel under detent ion In Phuong's camp.
(theseere saia to
been "captured in VC Militaryuring0 ajid woro to be movod to!'NVS""In earTy^prTng* BoweTer, there was talk In5 about
camp having been spotted by enemy aircraft and, although .had not been moved it may havesince then. There was no talk concerning theof Hong's camp and this camp is probablyat Sa Ngang. Hong's camp consisted of sixstructures, surroundedouble bambooan outer defonse system of pointed punji sticksenemy penetration of the camp and tho escape The security unit for this camp consistedarmed men, who'- had the responsibility for
protection of the camp and control of prisoners working at production sij.esoilometers away from the
4,- The average number of dotalnoes at Hong's camp was. Tho VC/NVA unit responsible for bringing charges against an accused was also responsible forthe accused, with full documentation concerning each case, toV for judicial processing. The "temporary" detention period pending formal trial of an accused was set at six months for normal cases, but was not to exceed IS months for even unusual cases roqulring extonslveand administrative processing. When processing was completed, the accused was brought before the5 military court which mot only twice yearly. Colonel cted as the court presiding judge and Tan as court prosecutor; the accused did notefonse representative working on his behalf. The sentence was ontirely dependent on the prosecutor and judge,, If the accused received ansentence of up to five years, he might remain at5 to complete his term of imprisonment; in cases whore sentences to imprisonment were ln excess of five years, the prisoner was held at5 only until he could be transferred to NVN. Death sentonces were carried outwithin the confines of.
5. the5 military court held its first sessionoay. otal ofasos were trlod during this session: one defendant was sentenced to death
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and was oxecutod2 defendants received sen- joi .fromoears imprisonment; andefendants prison sentences of from five to nine years.
etainees ware moved out of6 ln earlyestined for NVN, Five defendants receivod prison sentences of two years and were to be held at5 for production work; four dotalnees were found not guilty and released. The0 session of the court was scheduled from 1
from5 after0 and arrived atARVN Base priorond ot
this sessiontotal of aboutases, including
multiple defendants. 'This
said two defendants were given
sentences;eceived sentences of overefendants were sentenced toears; eceived sentences of over two years; and five were declared innocent of charges brought against them
6. The number of detainees handled by5 increased during9s the camp officials began taking on broader responsibilities. It is estimated that the military court has considered tho cases of atefendants5 and transferredf_these to NVN. The proportions of NVA defendants ft^vo0 percent; non-commissioned0 percent; enlisted0 percent. Of all defendants processed, aboutercent were males andercentere northerners andercent were southerners. Defendants have included.aboutercent charged with desertion;ercent char.ged with murder;ercent charged with autl-
ercent charged for allowing themselves
to be taken prisoner;ercent charged with minormajority of defendants charged with desertion wero north-who escaped from thoir units, remained in remoteawaited an opportunity to rally to the GovernmentVietnamut wero captured by the VC/NVA.
5 authorities considered that an NVAvery dangerous since the deserter knew he woulddoath penalty if recaptured. Ho would be willingenormous risks to escape, including killingand guerrilla look-outs' and,'if he should reach the NVA deserter would be able to providetho enemy which could lead to the destruction of bothNVA units.) The majority^ of defendants chargedofficers'mma'nd^Vi^'V'C'who comm"killings of innocoirt"cIvTllansjan'd leadersiqnal el"ilorrom superiors. defendants, Doth military' and""civilianusually charged with speaking against communism, and ln written letters, with listening toradio news, with possession of anti^cqmmunlstwith, havingher.at first opportunity. The other maindefendants included those persons who had misusedmilitary
7, etainee, whether during his processing -ime or after sentencing, had to work on the food production details. ally schedule, dotalnees were awakened0 houra. hfcd breakfast ot:began wdrlt at theRite* had luno'i nteturned to work
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ad dinnermeetings0 and were in bod0 hours. Detainees were granted two one-day holidays during each year: Independence
Dayeptember and Army Day onecember. On these holidays, meat wasprovided, but otherwise the dietof salted fish and food obtained from the produotlon sitesn exception was the occasional wild boar meat which had been hunted and brought back to camp by the camp's armed security personnel. The detainees were assigned to working/ groups consisting of fromoen and women, who worked' under, an assigned group chief and aboutecurity guards. Normally, aboutof the detainees reportedsick in an effort to evade the work detail, but whether this percentage was actually sick or not, onlyercent ofthe detainees at the camp were allowed to be within the camp 'i_ at any given time during working hours. Standard rations allowances per year for each detaineeilograms of rice" and the equivalentiasters (aboutfor additional food, exclusive of extra rations from the production sites,if available. Rice,
corn, manioc, sweet potatoes and tea plants were grown at
the productionThe .produce"Vas 'assigned' hot only tout also had"to augment "the suppliesVf'Tihe RearJ Services of VC Military Region 5. roduction sites haveons ofons of maniocons of corn. There werequare meters devoted to growing tea plants. Ofons of rice produced.5 consumed aboutons, and theons was moved to other areas within the military region. Every three months5ive-man team to go shopping at Son Tinh market, which is aboutilometers from the camp. On each occasion this shopping detail spentlasters (aboutor"'^ salt, seasoning powders and salted fish. aboutoays, depending on ARVN operations in the area. Earlythe shopping dotail was attacked by aircraft and three of the five-raan detail were killed.
Field Dissem: State USMACV USAID CORDS- Dir/JUSPAO (Mr. Nickel only) 7th Air Force USARV1th MI Gp OSI CINCPAC PACFLT PACAF ARPAC.