A NORTH VIETNAMESE OFFICIAL'S STATEMENT THAT CHINA AND THE USSR ARE PRESSURING

Created: 10/20/1972

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CTOBER VIETNAK/CH1NA/USSR

OCTOBER 2

OFFICIAL'S STATEMENT THAT

JchINAAHD THE USSR ARE PRESSURING HANOI TO NEGOTIATE; AND jlS_ COMMENTS ON HANOI'S PEACE PROPOSAL AND OTHER ASPECTS OF THE VIETNAM SITUATION

CTOBER 2

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SUMMARY: CHINA AND THE USSR AREERTAIN AMOUNT OF PRES5URE ONOOMPROMISE WITH. IN THE VIETNAM PEACEORTHBROAD STATEDCTOBER. THIS IS PARTICULARLY" TRUE OE CHINA, THE OFFICIAL SAID, SINCE CHINA IS ANXIOUS TO NORMALIZE ITS RELATIONS WITH. DISCUSSING THE 11 SEPTEMBER PEACE PROPOSAL, THE OFF.IClAL SAID THAT WHILE PRESIDENT THIEU WOULD HAVE TO .RESIGN AND LEAVE

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NFORMATION IS NOT TO

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(HEADQUARTERS

COMMENT: THE POSSIBILITY CANNOT BE EXCLUDED THAT THE NORTH VIETNAMESEOFFICIAL MADE HIS COMMENTS

REALIZING THAT HIS COMMENTS HOULD PROBABLY REACH FREE WORLD GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS.)

2. THE OFFICIAL WENT ON TO SAY THAT THE PRC IN PARTICULAR IS KEENETTLEMENT OF THE VIETNAM WAR BECAUSE THE PRC IS ANXIOUS TO NORMALIZE ITS RELATIONS WITH. WHILE TAIWAN ISAJOR PROBLEM IN. RELATIONS, THE OFFICIAL NOTED, THE PRC IS IN NO HURRY TO RESOLVE THIS. ONCE NORTH VIETNAM HAS NEGOTIATED PEACE WITHHE OFFICIAL ASSERTEDTHE CHINESE WILL HAVEAJOR HURDLE, FOR THEY CANNOT DO MUCH UNTIL THE WAR ENDS. IN THIS CONTEXT, THE OFFICIAL SAID THAT WHILE NORTH VIETNAM NEEDS THE PRC, THE PRC NEEDS NORTH VIETNAM MORE. FOR THEIR OWN NATIONAL INTERESTS, THE OFFICIAL STATED, THE CHINESE HAVE TO BE OUR FRIENDS, BUT

WE ARE INDEPENDENT.

VIETNAM AND THE PROVISIONAL REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENTIN RESPONSE TO REQUESTS FROM THE PRC AND THE USSR,TERMED THE STATEMENT THE BEST FACE-SAVINGCAN OFFER. THE IMPORTANT POINT INTHE OFFICIAL SAID, IS THAT BOTH THEA'-- THE VIET CONG WILL AGREE TO THEA THREE-PART PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT IN SOUTHi

WHICH WILL, AT THE EARLIEST POSSIBLE TIME, HOLD GENERAL ELECTIONS TO ALLOW THE PEOPLE TO CHOOSE THEIR OWN GOVERNMENT. NORTH VIETNAM IS PREPARED TO STATE IN PUBLIC AND IN WRITING THAT COMMUNIST RULE WILL NOT BE IMPOSED ON THE SOUTH EITHER BY FORCE OR SO-CALLED -SUBVERSION. MOREOVER, NORTH VIETNAM ACCEPTS THAT THE GENERAL ELECTIONS SHOULD BE SUPERVISED BY AN INTERNATIONAL BODY, WHICH CAN INCLUDE ALLIES OF. AND REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UN. THE OFFICIAL SUGGESTED THAT HANOI WOULD 'ASK THE PRC AND THE USSR TO PARTICIPATE IN SUCH AN INTERNATIONAL BODY ON NORTH VIETNAM'S BEHALF.

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VAN THIEU, THE OFFICIAL SAID THAT WHILE THIEU WOULD HAVE TO RESIGN AND LEAVE THE COUNTRY DURING THE TENURE OFERRr1EITp HANOI HAS NO OJBECTION TO THIEU PARTICIPATING LATER ULtHELECTIONS AND BECOMING CHIEF EXECUTIVE AGAIN IF HE WINS. THE OFFICIAL ALSO SAID THAT INFLUENTIAL SOUTH VIETNAMESE WHO ARE LIVING IHD MUST BE GIVEN SOME REPRESENTATION IN THE THREE-PART

GOVERNMENT WHEN IT IS FORMED.

5. ON TERMS FORg^^FMZIOFFICIAL STATED

THAT BEFOREAGR EEMENT CAN BE REACHED THE

U.S. WILL HAVE TO CEASE THE BOMBING AND REMOVE THE MINES,

AND THENEFINITE DATE FOR THE UNCONDITIONAL

WITHDRAWAL. TROOPS AND. INSTALLATIONS.

SIMULTANEOUSLY,. WILL HAVE TO..VJTHDRAW ITS SUPPORT

FROM THE THIEU GOVERNMENT AND AGREE To'THE FORMATION OF

THE THREE-PART GOVERNMENT. ONCE. DOES THIS, A

CEASE-FIRE WILL BE PUT INTO EFFECT IMMEDIATELY, AND NORTH

VIETNAM,OODWILL GESTURE, WILL RELEASE.

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PRISONERS OF WAR

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OFFICIAL ADMITTED THAT. MININGVIETNAMESE PORTS HAS AFFECTED THE WAR EFFORTSLOWED THE SUPPLY OF SOVIET AND CHINESE WARCONSUMER GOODS. NONETHELESS, THE OFFICIALVIETNAM CAN CONTINUE THE WAR AT ITS PRESENT PACETWO OR THREE YEARS.

TO INDOCHINA IN GENERAL, THE OFFICIALIF.sOiBE7lMPLEMENTEDAREA, IT SHOULD OPEN SEPARATE TALKS WITHAND PATHET LAO LEADERS SINCE HANOI HAS NOTHEM. THE OFFICIAL ACKNOWLEDGED THAT NORTH

VIETNAM IS HELPING COMMUNIST FORCES IN CAMBODIA AND LAOS BUT REPEATED THAT NORTH VIETNAM DOES NOT RUN THEIR AFFAIRS.

IELD DISSEM: SENT TO CINCPAC (EXCLUSIVE FOR CINCPAC AND POLADAIGON (FOR AMBASSADORS BUNKER AND KHITEHOUSE AND GENERAL WEYANDARIS (FOR AMBASSADOR PORTER ANDHAM ONLY) AND HONG KONG (FOR CONSUL GENERALLASSIFIED BY RECORDED REPORTING OFFICER. EXEMPT FROM DECLASSIFICATION SCHEDULE. . EXEMPTION CATEGORY. IMPOSSIBLE TO DETERMINE DATE OF AUTOMATIC

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