1. REDACTED FEBRUARY JCIA PLENARY SESSION, HIGHLIGHTED BY EXCHANGES ON LPF CEAS

Created: 2/7/1975

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

excmangcs on lpr ceasefire violations in military region hi uphdbahal of north vietnamese troops.refugees and personal exchanges between soukan vilavsan. loun sisounol and soth pketnast

ecision by Vientiane sidi jcia delegation to form A political partv with soukan AS its head

SUMMARY I

'! 1 Il ' ' ' ' /I >'

ll II !

Kii.MiN: mill l'iili

= THE JOINT COMMISSION TO IMPLEMENT THE

AGREEMENT (JClA) MET IN PLENARY SESSION UNDER THE JOINT CHAIRMANSHIP

T| T '

OF VIENTIANE SIDE'CHIEFlLAVSAN AND LAO PATRIOTIC FAGNT (LPFI CHIIP DELEGATE SO TH PMEfRASY.

2. SOUKANt AS CH IEF Of THE HOST DELEGATION. PROPOSED DISCUSSION

OF THE DESIGNATIONOT POINT AT PhOU SOUNQANAN (TG

E T

1

) IN MILITARYN II. MISSING-IN-ACT!ON> ANDOUESTION, SOTH AGREED TO DISCUSS THE HOT POINT QUESTION. ADDIN5 THAT BOTH SIDES MUST CONTINUE TO PUSH UNTIL ALL THE HOT POINTS HAVE BEEN DESIGNATED. THE ISSUE OF THE MIA. HE Said. REMAINED ON THE AGENDA FROM THEANUARY PLENARY SESSION, SOTH PROPOSED DISCUSSION OF THE REFUGEE QUESTION BY REMARKING THAT IT MUST BE SETTLED QUICKLY SO THAT THE REFUGSfeS MAY BE RETURNED TO THEIR HOME AREAS BEFORE THE RAINY SEASON, HE ALSO SAID THAT THE REFUGES COMMISSION CONSISTING OFFROM THE- PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL UNIONHE JOINT NATIONAL POLITICAL COUNCIL IJNKIi AS HELL AS THE JClA. SHOULD BE if |* F THE JOINT

POLICE FORCE (JPF) AND PROTECT IVE MILITARY FORCE IPMF>.

3, SOUKAN CHARGED THE LPF WITH CEASEFIRE VIOLATIONS IN MILITARY

j

REGION (MR) II AND REQUESTEDOT POINT BE DESIGNATED AT PHOU SOUNG-NANAN TO SEPARATE LPF AND LAO ARMED FORCES |FAR) UNITS IN THE AREA, THE LPF DELEGATION REJECTED DISCUSSION OF THE ISSUE BY -CLAIMINO THAT hhERE TH.'RE IS VIENTIANE SIDE SMOKE* THERE IS ALSO FIRE. THERE FOLLOWED AN EXCHANGE OFITH THE LPF DELEGATION REFUSING TO ACCEPT BLAME AND ACCUSING THE VIENTIANE SIDE

'j

AND MP. II COMMANDER QENEPAL VANS PAO, AFTER SEVERAL ACCUSATIONS ANDH SIDES DECIDED TO REFER ThE QUESTION BACK TO THE CEASEFIRE SUflCOHHITTE OFONG-PHRACHANHOUNNAPHOL FOR FURTHEP DISCUSSION. DURING THE DISCUSSION THE VIENTIANE SIDE DELEGATION TRIED TO PRESS THE LPF INTO PULLING ITS TROOPS BACK FROM THE IMMEDIATE PROXIMITY TO FAR POSITIONS IN TMfe AREA. BUT THE LPF DELEGATION BLOCKED THE PROPOSAL.

UNITS MOVED INTO PHOU THATTTEMPTING TO JUSTIFY SUCH ACTION BYlDDLE-POlNT LINE AT NANAN.)

4. ON THE SUBJECTS OF WITHDRAWAL OF FOREIGN TROOPS AND MIA. WHILE SOUKAN HAD PRESENTED THEM TOGETHER ON THE AGENDA. SOTH

ATTEMPTED TQ DISPOSE OF ThEM TOGETHER AND MOVE ON TO DISCUSSION OF

REFUGEES. SOUKAN. HOWEVER. BLOCKED SOTH'S EFFORT, SOTH QUOTED THE VIENTIANE SIDE AS HAVING SAID THAT AMERICAN AND THAI TROOPS HAVE

LEFT LAOS. THE LPF HAS ALWAYS SAID THAT THERE 'ARE NO FOREIGN

TROOPS IN THEE. ON MIA,D THAT MANY WERE KILLED ON BOTH SIDES IN COMBAT. WITH SOME HAVING BEEN BURIED AND SOME

MAVINO BEEN LEFT WHERE TnEV LAY. TEP. WITH TH| AMERICAN BOMBING, HE SAID* ALL REMAINS HERE DESTROYED AND LOST. SOTH SAID THAT THE LPF DELEGATION KNEW THAT IT HAS THE FOREIGNERS WHO HERE FORCING THE VIENTIANE SIDE DELEGATION TO RAISE THE ISSUE* REMARKING THAT THE LPF DELEGATION DOES NOT UNDERSTAND THE HASTE SINCE ThE DEAD ARE DEAD AND DISCUSSION OFILL NOT BRING THEH BACK TO LIFE. . 5. ON THE WITHDRAWAL OF FOREIGN TROOPS, SOUKAN SAID IN REPLY

*

THAT THE LPF HAD REFUSED FOR SIX MONTHS TO SIGN ThE JClA DRAFT PAPER

'.

ON THE SUBJECT, INSISTING THAT THE WORDS;THAI AND AMERICAN be LEFT

IN AND THE WORDS NORTH VIETNAMESE BE LEFT OUT. HE SEVENTH

MONTH The VIENTIANE SIDE CEDED ThE POtNTiIN ORDER FOR THE DRAFT

PAPER TO BE SIGNED SO THAT APPLICATION 0r IT NIGHT PROCEED AND THE

JCIAHOLE MOVE ON TO OTHER THINGS. NOW. SOUKAN SAID. THE LPF

IS REFUSING TO DISCUSS APPLICATION OF THE JClA PAPERS JUST SIGNED.

SOUKAN SAID THAT.LAIM IS MADE THAT THERE ARE NORTH VIETNAMESE

TROOPSARTICULAR LOCATION, THE JCIA SHOULD PROMPTLY MOVI A

TEAM THERE TO SEE WHETHER OR NOT THE CLAIM IS TRUE.

6, ON ThE MIAOUKAN SAID THAT THE VIENTIANE SIDE

' 'ii I l' * ' " 11

DELEGATION'WISHED TO DISCUSS LAO DEAD* PRISONERS OF WAR (POW) ANO Ml A* NOT THOSE OF THE FOREIGNERS, FROM ESCAPED POW, HE SAID. THE

VIENTIANE SIDE DELEGATION KNOWS THAT THERE ARE STILL SOME FAR POM IN IFF HANDS AND THAT THE VIENTIANE SIDE DELEGATION WOULO LIKE TO ASCERTAIN HON MANY THERE ARE AND WHO IENTIANE SIDE DELEGATION HQULD ALSO LIKE TO HAVE ANSWERS TO THE QUESTIONS RAISEO IN THE LISTS SUBMITTE. TO THE LPF AND FORHAREDED TO SAM NEUAl HOW MANY VIENTIANE SIDE PERSONNEL REMAINED IN THEE VOLUNTARILY AND WHO THEYND MOM MANY HAVE DIED AND MHO THEY WERE* SO THAT EVENTUALLY BOTH SIDES MAY MOVE ON TO THE MIA QUESTION, ONCE THE QUESTIONS ON THE LAO ARE ANShERED. BOTH SIDES MAY HOVE ON TO THE SAME QUESTIONS ON FOREIGNERS SINCE THERE ARE HIVES AND MOTHERS MHO DO NOT KNOW WHITHER THEIR HUSBANDS AND SONS ARE DEAD OR ALIVE', SINCE THE WAR IS NOW OVER,'SOJKAN SAID. BOTH SIDES SHOULD BE ABLE* FOR HUMANITARIAN

REASONS. TO RESOLVE SUCH QUESTIONS TOR THE FAMILIES OF THE SOTH AGRfcFD THAT SOUKAN HADOOD POINT BUT THATSIDES COULD NOT SEND TEAMS INTO THE JUNGLE WITHOUTOMPLICATED QUESTION. THE TWO SIDES FINALLY AGREEDPROBLEM SHOULD RE RETURNED TO THE COMMITTEEHJMHASONE FOR FURTHER

ONFEBRUARY ARYA HAD ATTEMPTED TO MEET WITH PHAO. BUT THE LATTER SAID THAT THE LPf HAD NOTEPLY FROM SAM NEUA ON THE LISTS OF NAMES OFROVIDED BY THE VIENTIANE SIDE DELEGATION. THEREFORE* PHAO SAID. HE HAD NOTHING TO TALK ABOUT.)

7, ON THE RfcFUGEE ISSUE. SOUKAN SAID THAT THE JCIA HAS NOWTHE NAMES OF FIVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE PQNU AND EIGHT.

I I; :

THREE PERMANENT AND FIVE ALTERNATE. FROM THE JNPC FOR THE REFUGEE COMMISSION. OFONGSAYHIENQ-THAM ARE SET TQ BE COCHA JRHEN, HE SAID THAT ONCE THE JCIA HASAPPROVED TmS MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION. IT CAN BEGIN OPERATING

' I' i 1 I I' 1

AND MAKING:DECISIONS INAY THAT THE RETURN OF THE REFUOEES

WILL NOT BE DELAYED BY JCIA PREOCCUPATION WITH OTHER THINGS. SOUKAN

SAID THAT WHILE ROYAL AIR LAO (RAD HAS BEEN ASKED TO PROVIDE THE

AIRCRAFT TO FLY TmE REFUGEES BACK, RAL HAS ASKED FOR MORE MONEY

THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH commissi On TOR REFUGEES (UNHCR) REPRESENTATIVE IS HILLING to RAT, THE UNHCR REPRESENTATIVE AND THE PGNU arehith ral on the hatter, in the interim, soukan sa;di only

THO LAO AIR's ARE AVAILABLE. EVENARGER NUMBER MOULD BE DESIRABLE. SOUKAN ADDED THAT THE VIENTIANE SIDE IS NOT TRYING TO DELAY THE RETURN OF THE REFUGEES BUT ON THE CONTRARY MOULD LIKE TO EXPEDITE the OPERATION.

B, AT THE|FEBRUARY MEETING OF THEOLONEL THONG. REPRESENTATIVE ON REFUGEE

MATTERS UNDER FAR DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL HAREFARE GENERAL IT IH SINGVONGSA.EPORT ON REFUGEES, HE REPORTEDEFUGEES, CONSISTINGAMILIES. HAD SO FAR BEEN SENT TO PHONE SAVANH ON THE PLAINe DES JARRES, THAT FLIGHTS HERE CONTINUING AND THAT0 REFUGEES HAD ASKED TO RETURN TO THEIR VILLAGES IN,ONE. THONG THENEPORT, DATEDANUARY. ON LPF ORGANIZATION and PLANS FOR HANDLING REFUGEES RETURNINO TO THE LPF ZONE, THE INFORMATION HAfl ACQUIRED FROM THEEUANIST NEUTRALIST SOLDIER MHO RALLIED TO FAR ONANUARY, the REPORT INCLUDED THE FOLLOWING I

A, POLITICAL AND MILITARY TRAINING FOR OFFICIALS IN CON-,,

T.CT WITH RETURNING REFUGEES.

FOR VILLAGE OFFICIALS. ELDERS ANDHOW TO KEEP WATCH ON RETURNING REFUGEES.

TRAINING FOR POLICELEADERS AND HlLlTSAMlN TO COUNTER RIGHTIST FACTION

OF LPF OFFICIAL* TO STAY IN EACH VILLAGEThE FIRST REFUGEES WILL BE RETURNING,

' E. SELECTION OF SPECIFIC. VILLAGES FOR THE REFUGEES, WITH ONLYOUSES PERMITED IN EACH,

DISPATCH OF VILLAGERS* REGARDLESS OFOF ORIGIN. T0 WORK IN THE PADDY FIELDS ON SPECIFIC VILLAGES.

BY THE LPF OF PRIVATELY OWNED ASSETS* BELONGING TO THE PEASANTS IN XIENG KHOUANG AREA,

DURING THE PERIODEBRUARY* LPF

MEMBERS OF THE JNPC WERE BUTTONHOLlNQ ThEIA VJEnMaNE SIDE ClmSft-PARTS /iroD COMPLAINING THAT MANY REFUGEES HAVE NOT BEEN OPTING TO RETURN TO THEIR HOME VILLAGES IN THE LPF ZONE. THEIR COMPLAINTS CENTERED ON MR II REFUGEES* POINTING OUT THAT THE MlOi LAO THEUNG AND OTHER MILLTRIBE PEOPLES HAVE NOT YET AGREED TO RETURN IN THE NEAR

FyTyRE, to founb. EEN ESPECIALLY CAUSTIC AND ANGRY REMONSTRAT1QNS AND HAS BLAMED THE VIENTIANE SIDE TOR NOTthe REFUGEES TO RETURN AND* IN FACT, FOR EKCOURAOINQ THEMA HAIT-and-SEE ATTITUDE TOWARD THE REFUGEES' CHIEF BONE THE RIGHT OF FREE MOVEMENT BETWEEN THE THO , OURITASAK ANDOSITIVE APPROACH AND TRY TO PERSUADETO RETURN AT THIS TIME. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE RIGHT OF THE lp* REPRESENTATIVES CONTINUED TO PRESENT THERE5PQNSE THAT 'HE TIME FOR OPENING THE TWO 2ONES HAS NOTHITH SECURITY PROBLEMS REMAINING TO BE RESOLVED. STAKES MUST BE PLANTED. REGARDING THE REFUGEES'PROBLEM, NORTH VIETNAM < m

REPRESENTATIVES AVOIDED THE QUESTION.)

IB, THE JCU DISCUSSED AT'LENQTH THENDIVIDUALS BEING HELD AT PMF JOINT HIA0QUARTER8, THE VIENTIANE SIDB DELEGATION AGREED THAT THEY ARE TO BE CONSIDERED SUSPECTS* NOT PRISONERS* UNTIL SUCH TIME AS THE RESULTS OF THE INVESTIGATION BE.NG CONDUCTED* INCLUDING THEIRPOVED OTHERWISE. THE LPF DELEGATION REQUESTED THAT THEE ifiT FREE DURING THE PERIOD OF INVESTIGATION. THE VIENTIANE

sioe delegation refused BUT' pointed out that there not considered as prisoners nun are they treated AS such, receive better food, have better hatteresv.ES and hay have visitors, even representatives of the press, soukan said that restrictions existed fqr the protection of theince neither side could afford tohing happen to them while TmEY are in custooy, soukan said that the vientiane side DID not like being accused hhen efforts here being made to protect

11, sothong description of his aid-SEEKlNG hissions to friendly countries, ENDING HIth charges that soukan and loun had BEtNnd the lpf in the press. SqTh then hade accusa-

tj0n5 concerning press coverage of current deliberations of the king's covnil on dissolving the national assembly', there here several exchange of charges and countercharges involving soukan, soun and soth. soth then quoted the statement by radio sam neua thatome is in america, loun replied that he knew of radio san neua criticism of hjm, uhjch soth did not deny, loun suggested that soth uo live.in his father's house, hhich is much closer to laos than america and is lccated just across laos' eastern border, loun hent on to say that in the press he has speaking for himself,itiien of vientiane, one is still free to do in vientiane. he addeo

THAT HE WAS GOING TO KEEP ON CBI TiCIiINO THE LPF AND ITSTHE LACK OF SINCERE EFFORTS ON ITS PART TO UNIFY THETOLO TmE LPF DELEGATION THAT Ir IT THOUGHT HIS EARLIER THERE WILLEAL SURPRISEEXTEU DAYS. COMMENT. LOUN. HI TH POLITE IRONY. DID

ANDF COUNTERING SOTH'S CHAROES.)

FOLLOWING THE PROTEST IN THE JClA AGAINST

LQUN'SANUARY ARTICLE IN THE NEWSPAPERHICHOTHICHAK AND THE LPF FOR THE IR ROLE IN STRIKES AND DEMONSTRATIONS, LOUN AND ANOTHER VIENTIANE SIDE MEMBER WORKEDTRATEGY ON^^EBRUARY TO DETER THE LPF IN ITS CURRENT EFFORTS TO ISOLATE AND OENISRATfi HIM, EBUTTAL TO THE PROTEST WRITTEN BY SOTH, WRITTEN BY LOUN AND EXPANDING ON THE INVOLVEMENT OF SANAN AND

THE lpf in;DEMONSTRATIONS, HAS to be SENT to VIENTIANERtLEASEEBRUARY. CONCURRENTLY, SELECTED INDIVIDUALSMILITARY. in THEIR OWN NAMES* WERE TO PREPARE ARTICLESLOUN's POSITION. SlHlLARLY. ONE or TWO INDIVIDUALS FROMSECTOR HERE to be APPROACHED to WRITE SIGNED anTTER WITH MORE <

ALSO to BE PREPARED FOR MASS SIGNATURES. THE TWO-FOLD OBJECTIVE HA$ to DEMONSTRATE THE CONSIDERABLE SUPPORT FOR LOUN'S VIEWS AND the FUTILITY of ANY MOVEMENT to ISOLATE him AND DESTROY hisHHJLE JOINING TOGETHER HIS FAR SUPPORTERSOSSIBLE NUCLEUS for FUTURE ACTIONS. THE heek of IB to l3 FEBRUARY WILL see

the EMERGENCEIENTIANE SIDE NEWSLETTER of fact sheet which mill be SENT REGULARLY To APPROXIMATELYLEADERS AND OPINION-

makers in Laos, and which hill carry the loun story in its first issue,.

u, the VIENTIANE SIDE WENT INTOEBRUARY PLENARY SESSION MUCH BETTER PREPARED THAN USUAL, HAVING DECIDED ON firm POSITIONSARIETY of TOPICS at the ^FEBRUARY VIENTIANE SIDE JCIA MEETING, LAROELV ATTRIBUTABLEONVERSATION between SOUKAN AND PRIME MINISTER SOUVANNA PHOUHA, HELD in LUANG prabang DURING the WEEKEBRUARY. THE PRIME MINISTER TOLD

t

or his dishay 0vEr the lack or cohesion amono the membership

Or vientiane side and urged soukan to DO everything possible to UNITb and strengthen the vientiane side position HITNlN the jcia. at THE end QF the session soth apoloqiied TO soukan, stating that HITHIN THE jcia THE members OF neither side could AFrflRD TO LET their attitudes result in personal attacks ON one atnother. soukan has NOT MOLLiriED by soth's apology and has still livid long after THE close or the session.

14, immediately ArTER' the plenary session* the vientiane side delegation met informally and discussed the possibility OrEW political party encompassing ALL members FTWlvientiane side, civilian and military, the discussion has an QuTQROHTH of arlier discussion IN luang prabanq with the prime HINister. members Or the vientiane side JClA delegation. inci-uding soukan and loun. agreed that the jcja WAS THE only organization IN which ths vientiane side position was put FORTH vigorously AND that the lpf dominated the jnpc and THE cabinet, soukan, still angry OVER LfcV arguments during the plenary SESSION. URGED that the vientiane SIDE delegation start TO exercise leadership. ArTER considerable discussion. IT has tentatively decidedolitical party would BE formed with

TMfc VIENTIANE SIDE JCU DELEOATION as the NUCLEUS. the party mill BE called the national PROGRESSIVE party. the name Of the partyONGSASORATH. PRIME MINISTER of laos in the MID-lCSfl's. soukan has chosen to head the party. it has DECIDED that onebruary soukan mould travel TO luang prabang to DISCUSS TOEOF THE NEW party MlTH the prime minister AND SEEK HIS GUIDANCE AND APPROVAL, NO FURTHER action mas to BE taken UNTIL after SOUKANts talk HlTH THE prime MINISTER,

IS. DL'nING theanuary general MEETING of the VIENTIANE SIDE

HAIRED by deputy primens IS ienghay

AND ATTENDED BY most VIENTIANE SIDE MINISTERS and SECRETARIES of state AS hell as EIGHT of TMfi VIENTIANE SIDE JNPC MEMBERS. soukanH1NUTE IMPASSIONED ADDRESS ON the VIENTIANE side'S LOSING the POLITICAL CONFLICT TO TH| LPF BY DEFAULT. IFOES not ROUSE ITSELF GET ORGANIZED AND ACTIVELY COMPETE MlTH THE lpf, he saidi THE lpf HILL MOST CERTAINLY MlN and take over LAOS. scukan'S SPEECH AROUSED much POSITIVE RESPONSE among HIS LISTENERS, with EVEN leuam SPEAKING in support of his remarks.

16.

"'

E

t

f i

Original document.

Comment about this article or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA