USSR: ROLE OF THE STATE PLANNING COMMITTEE (GOSPLAN) (S-6864)

Created: 4/23/1975

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USSR: Role of the State Planning Committee

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The State Planning Committee (Gosplan) is the highest-

economic planning organization in responsible for (a) drawing up annual and

which cover the several thousand most important products of the Soviet economy, and (b) monitoring the implementation of the plans. Gosplan employs roughlyeople,economists, industrial and technical specialists, statisticians/ and computer experts. It has offices in the capitals of each of thenion republics. Relation to Council of Ministers

Gosplanowerful staff arm of the Council of

Ministers, the highest governmental body, headed by Premier

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Aleksey N. Kosygin. The Chairman of Gosplan, Nikolay Baybakov, iseputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers.

Members of the Council of Ministers iiead the various economicgriculture, construction, machine-building, light industry, etc.whose activities Gosplan shapes within the national economicosplan gets its instructions from the Cpuncil of Ministers on the general goals of the economy and on major specific targets. In turn,

the Council of Ministers is instructed on fundamental

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economic allocation issuestepped-up agricultural

investment program) by the top decision-making body in the

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Soviet system, the Politburo of the Central Committee

of tho CPSD (Communist Party Soviet Union). Gosplan thus

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echnical and administrative,olicy-making, role.

the apex of the replacearge

Planning at Apex

Gosplan is part of the machinery at Soviet "command economy". Its functions

extent the market functions of Western-type economies. It effectively employs the absolutef the Soviet state in imposing the economic policy and decisions of the central leadership. At the same time, the ministries, enterprises, collective farms, and even individuals within the system make millions of lesser economic decisions that are (a) part of the process of breaking down and implementing the central decisions and bending them toward local conditions and vested interests, or (b) tho result <ff Gosplan's being able to deal withraction Of the myriad decisions necessaryomplex economy! half the size of the US economy.

In putting together national plans and monitoring

the results, Gosplanomplicated!task of slicing

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the economic pie in several ways:

by productive sector, which corresponds roughly to the ministerial organisation of economic activity;

by geographic area, which corresponds to the political divisions of the USSR and touches on the sensitive issues of how resources are allocated among the various ethnic regions;

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by end use, which corresponds to the policy issues of the rate of increase in living jstandards and the pace of military development!

br "input-output'

by physical flows, which corresponds to the problems of planning "material balances" relationships; and

involves the

by financial counterpart, which planning of cash flows, ruble budgets,bank credits (in the Soviet system, tlie planning of physical production dominates financial planning, both in priority andeview of Role

Gosplan, which has boon the central planning agency

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since the, has undergone numerous reorganizations that have altered the scope and method of. work but not its fundamental responsibilities. osplan's planning

role is the subject of considerable debate. At the December

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arty Plenum, the quality of Gosplanj's work was attacked.

Some Soviet economists have since suggested that Gosplan be relieved of its annual planning responsibilities so that it can concentrate solely on long-range planning. Primary planning responsibility would then shift to the individual ministries and to enterprises. All sides; in the debate support increased computerization and more automatedof planning. Gosplan's supporters argue thatcan improve the present system, while the critics claim that more advanced computers will permit better

planning by enterprises thereby lessening the need for centralized plans. Note on Lebedinskiy

As Deputy Chairman of Gosplan and Director of the Main Computer Center, Nikolay Lebedinskiy interested in the applications of computer technology to national economic planning. 4 article in

Kommunist, Lebedinskiy discussed the various proposals that planning procedures be made more flexible andne proposal callsew five-year plan to be drawn up every; year and toear beyond the last one. Like most senior Gosplanebedinskiyopposes the idea of sliding five-year plans on the

grounds that it clashes with the annual directivo planning.

He is in favor, however, of letting enterprises use sliding five-year plansome aspects of their work. He also advocates sliding: fifteen-year plans, inew fifteen-year plan would be formulated every five years.

Attachments:

biographical

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Nikolay Pavlovich LEBEDINSKIY

Deputy Chairman and Director, Computer Center, State Plannin Committee {Gosplan}

Nikolay Lebedinskiy (pronouncedeputy Chairman of Gosplan in1 and head of its Main Computer Center ine has bcon affiliated with the committeeerving as chief of the National Economic Planning Department andember of Gosplan's Collegium (administrative board)6 Active in East West exchanges, heember of the US-USSR Working Group on Computers and the Soviet project-coordinator for computer analysis applied to the economics and management of large systems.

In his current position Lebedinskiy is concerned with over-all domestic economic planning, encompassing defense, agriculture, and science and technology. He is particularly interested in developing computer technology for determining national economic priorities. On the international level, he has represented the Soviet Union in discussions with foreign governments concerning mutuai trade and economic agreements. In this capacity, he traveled to Egypt1o France9 and to Syria Lebedinskiy wasarticipant at the International Industrial Conference held in San Francisco ine appears enthusiastic about broadening US-Soviet technical and economic relations.

Born in Khar'kov, Lebedinskiy iskrainian national. Ho speaks enough English for personal use, but requires an interpreter)echnical nature.

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Nikita L'Vovich ,

Scientific Secretary, State Committee for Science and Technology

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Nikita Dvorets {pronounced dvuhrYETS tified as Scientific Secretary with the Snate Committee for Science and Technology (SCST) inirst noted with SCST ine has been an expert with the USA Section of the Foreign Relations Department. pecialist in geology, Dvorets is knowledgeable about the US petroleum industry and hasoviet contact for Americans involved in US-USSR technical assistance agreements.

Dvorets has traveled to the United States on three occasions. He visited the United States in1 as an interpreterroup of Soviets attending an Arctic geology conference, and he returned the following Aprilonth study of American oil well drilling techniques. In4 he visited Stanford Research Institute and various US companies involved in SCST technical assistance agreements.

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Nikita Dvorets was born9 in Moscow. He is married and*has two children. He speaks English well and is interested in American literature and music.

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