Created: 6/7/1977

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Soviet PlKltnl Computer*.: Status and Forecast e^

Information on Soviot military computers is fragmentary. Availnblo ludicntoa that Soviot cornputort* in military systemsn conservative approach, Tho Soviets favor specialwhich utilize provon compononts rathor thaneven stnto-oi-tho-art fenturos. Available information alsothe technology of doploycd military computer* doos notcivil

In tho civil sector, Soviot general-purpose and scientific computers gonornlly compare with US-produced machines of the, but thoy are much fewer in number. Production schedules for general-purpose computers have lagged plansr more years because of management, co-nonont, nnd design problems. Present Soviet supplies of largo-ncale computers aro insufficient^ nnd the Soviots hove only rocently attempted to make and use minicomputers in.quantity.

While'tha Soviets hnvo demonstrated an understanding of advanced concepts for central processors und peripheral devices equal to those ol tho West, tho lackoll-dovolopod tochnical and manue.orialprovonts tho realization of these ideas in practice. In developing and producing computors in quantity for general users, the Soviets are likoly to continue their past practice of following proven



Soviet Dicjitalnd Forecast

Information on Soviet military computers is fragmentary. Available information indicates that in computers for military ayatema tho Sovioto have employed and willto employ conncrvativo approaches and to favor specialized designs utilizing provensophisticated nor evon tho ntato-of-the-art. Available information also indicates that tho technology of do-ployed military computers does not exceed known civil technology.

system design approaches employand simple opccial-purpose digitalhaving programs which cannot boand which have been thoroughly tested.

present, tho inadequacies of hardware undhinder use of notworks of computers inas those for aerospace defense, ASH,and control, digitaland logistio support.

Bince thoave the Sovietscomputers for data processing (importantapplications) and not juat for scientificcomputations. They ore in thoof providing siaablo quantitios offor gcnoral users.


In tho civil pector, Soviet general-purpose'andcomputers generally compare with US produced machines of the, but in much fewer80 of total number of US computers.

Soviets have publicized the Ryad seriescomputers, patterned after,with, .theomputers. schedules havo lagged plansrbecause of management problems anddesign problems. econd generation ofis scheduled for production inore intended to correspond to the1 in US).

laat large-scale scientific computerdisplayed by the Soviets was has baen the workhorse for thecommunity until the present,he machine was outdated byhe Soviets have developed otheraoientifio maohines in oecret. Theand continue to experiment with variousof computers using sophisticated concepts The inability of the SovietBadequate quantities of advancedlarge-scale types, iB evident from

their deoiro to import large Western systems ouch, as the CYDERor the Hydromotoorological Service. C. Belatedly, the USSR has recognised tho value of

minicomputers (important in military and civil, erious Soviet commitment to build significant quantities of minicomputers was not evident Current Soviet design and performance are comparable with those whichin the US at least aix years ago. While the Soviets have demonstrated an understanding of advanced concepts for central processors and periphoral devicos equal to that of the West, the lackell-devoloped technical and managerial infrastructure pro-vents the realisation of these ideas in practice. A. Specifically, the best Soviet auxiliary memory storage ond peripheral units are comparable with US modola of the. The Soviota havesome help from their East European partners, particularly from Bulgaria (magnetic disc auxiliary memories) but, at best, the East US models of the. The Soviets ere Booking to overqoma their defioion-oioa in auxiliary|mass atorage, input/output units, and other peripheral equipment through imports and

"C by obtaining licenses for Western technology.

B. In tho post, tho Soviets havo provided littlo or no software support to users. With their new models ouch as Ryad, thoy are beginning to provide operating and applications softworo packages based on Western developments.

C he Soviet computer efforc has been fragmented among competing ministries.

restrictions concerning advanceddevelopments hoyo led to poorand inefficiencies in utilization ofother resources.

developing ond producing computers ingeneral users, tho Soviets are likely totheir past practice of following proven Thus they ore not likely togoals of equalling or surpassingStatos in tho overall production ofin the foreseeable future.


The sources used in preparation of this briefing Exploitation of captured Soviot military equipment |^



4. Open literature auch aa Soviet State Standards, Soviet Patent Licenses, equipment brochures, books and.

6. Export liconee applications.

Original document.

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