USSR: BUKOVSKY-CORVALAN EXCHANGE

Created: 12/28/1976

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Bukovsky-Corvalan Exchange

Soviet dissidents have reacted with pleasure to the

Vladimir Bukovsky but are astonished that Moscow agreed to exchange hint for jailed Chilean Communist leader Luis Corvalan,

is no

conseHsms among the dissidents as to wny MoSc'cV Agreed to the exchange, but most of them wore surprised that the Soviots were willing tooncession in return for Corvalan's release. They felt that Corvalan in the long run would have been more useful to th* USSRailed martyr titan as an exile living in tho Soviet Union.

ajority of the diaaidents believeoviet desire to give General Secretaryh birthdayon Decembern added fillip waa an important reason for going along with theinority view ia thatwas signaling Prealdent-elect Carter that it might beto exerciae greater leniency in human righta matters,through quid pro quo arrangements. Few dissidents believe that pressure from Western public opinionajor role in thia caae.

Moat of the dissidents believe the exchange wasa move that would not be soon repeated. Some havethat the Soviet euthorities, in order to minimize the importance of the exchange for the future, might henceforth sentence dissidents to periods of internal exile instead of imprisonment. Moscow, they said, could then denyiven dissidentrisoner andandidate for an exchange.

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