MINISTRIES OF INTERIOR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE - PRISONS AND REEDUC

Created: 1/1/1977

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

Ministries of Interior and National Defense Prisons and Reeducation Camps (Southern SRV Except Ho Chi Minh City)

1. Following the communist takeover of South Vietnam onprilhe Ministries of Interior (MOI) and National Defense (MND) established forward headquarters in Ho Chi Minh Cityhich were structured along the same lines as thai of their parent ministerial headquarters in Hanoi. The MOI forward headquarters was first known as the MOI Representative Office for South Vietnam and later as the MOI Permanent Office for South Vietnam; however, it is more commonly known as MOI-B. Theas responsible for all provincial, major city and special region public security offices (PSO's) in the southern SRV from Dac Lac and Phu Khanh Provinces southward to Minh Hai Province. The MOI headquarters in Hanoi had jurisdiction over all other southern provinces in central Vietnam from Gia Lai-Kontum and Nghia Binh Provinces northward through the former demilitarized zone province of Binh Tri Thien. Within their areas of jurisdiction, the MOI headquarters andere responsible for the direct administration and of bbaktl ownrisons, reeducation camps, and other detention facilities. Both provided staff guidance, direction, training, personnel, and logistical support to major city, provincial, and special region PSO prisons management offices and their various detention facilities.

2. On the military side, the MND headquarters in Hanoi had jurisdiction over the southern provinces in central Vietnam through the People's Armed Porces of Vietnam (PAVN) Militaryeadquarters in Da Nang, Quang Nam-Da Nang Province. The MND forward headquarters in HCMC had jurisdiction over the rest of the southern SRV. At least three MND entities haveistory of past involvement with prisons. They are the MND General Political Department's Enemy Military Proselytizing Department (Cue Dichilitary Justice Department (Cue Quan Phap/MJD), and Military Security Department (Cue Bao Ve Quan Doi/MSD). In the southern SRV, the MJD and the MSD have at least one military prison facility of their own within PAVNnd HCMC which are subordinate to the MR-S. nd HCMC Military Command Political Staff Department Military Justice and Military Security Offices. The CDV has no currently known detention facilities in the southern SRV. Although overtly under the MND

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pril involved (Army of

General Political Department, the Military Security Department and the CDV Enemy Military Proselytizing Department.

Following the communist takeover of South Vietnam5 the MND military services (CDV, MJD, MSDJ were tilt' the handling of some one million plus ARVN/GVN the Republic of Vietnam/Government of Vietnam)

that the PAVN was given

when

transferred to MOI the CDV and the MJD were

identified camps under rarely specified.

system in the southern all reeducation camps for ARVN w

control.

given leading roles, and wni PAVN control, the parent PAVN agency was

responsibility for the admin^tration ofin me southern SRV for ARVN from57 w

Jpavnasnder the HCMC Military ManagementBoard to supervise the reeducation ofwho had been assigned to the former ARVNMilitary Region. PAVNad severalits jurisdiction in HCMC and in adjacent Dong PAVNas formed under the PAVNManagement Office to administer and superviseof reeducation camps for ARVN personnel in DongBe and Tay Ninh Provinces, and in the HCMC area. CDV major noted that theeeducationwas headed by CDV Colonel Bui Thiep and hisCDV Lieutenant Colonels Pham Dinh Thu andhe Vietnamese press identified Colonelas theeeducation Service Director. DuringColonel Thiep stated0 ARVNwere still in reeducjtionfrotn thendDinh area. MJD only

provided external guard force personnel for ARVN reeducation camps between5 and7 and was involved with those camps that had an "L" or "LT" prefixed numerical designation. *L" and "LT" were abbreviations used to designate PAVN-administered Inter-Camp (Lien Trai) reeducation camps for ARVN personnel within at leastnd HCMC. Although the MJD provided external guard force personnel, the MOI was responsible for camp administration, camp inmate records maintenance, interrogations, and indoctrination. InJD responsibilities for reeducation camp guard force personnel were turned over to the moirisons Management Police Department.

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southern district although upon noted. faciliti excluded section-provided reeducat to local pavn fac referenc detentio

re not detaine the HCMC metro and are the su map gridnformation, ed8 and trol. Others re tornrisons, reedu under alphabet

Information on the MOI andRV is limited. All provincial PSO's have their own prisons andew of these facilities h

oreign prisoners we es- Facilities in from this section

If available, UTM as well ason camps were clos provincial PSO con ilities and some we e, all MOI andamps are listed

risons systems in the PSO's and subordinate detention facilities, ave been commented

Unlessn most of these politan area are bjecteparate dinates have been

All MND-administered most were transferred were converted into nd razed. For ease of cation camps, and ized province names.

An Giang Province

1. Chi Lang Reeducation Camp orLien It was administered by the PAVN Militaryth Division for ARVN detainees.onsisted of five camps callednd was located in the former ARVN 4th Corps Chi Lang Training Center near Tri Ton District Township aboutilometers west of Provincial Route 9- It was aboutilometers southeast of Chau Doc District Town and aboutilometers southwest of Long Xuyen City. The camp system held at its peak uprvn officers. As oft heldRVN inmates. Chi Lang was closed in7 because of the Cambodian border situation. Most inmates were transferred to theuon Dao and Bac Hoa Reeducation Camps in Tien Giang Province. The Canal No.eeducation Camp in Kien Giang Province was subordinate to Chi Lang akand was transferred7 to the control of the Kien Giang Province PSO. The Chi Lang Camp was convertedraining Center. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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2. 0 or Ngo Bo Lo Gach Reeducation Camp: B- The camp was located in Sao Luoi Hamlet, Tuong Phi village, Tri Ton District, aboutilometers southeast of Chau Doc City. The camp was administered by the PAVNth Division and heldRVN company grade officers. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Thot Not Airfield Camp: Augustwas used to detain ARVN inmates.

n0 foreign nationals wereetention at this camp.

Xuyen Reeducation Camp (circa. The camp was used to detain ARVN inmates. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Long Xuyen City Prison: The former GVN An Giang Province PrisonRVN/Gvn prisoners during this period and was PAVN administered until8 when contro^wa^tr^nsferxed to the An Giang Province PSO. black American civilian who was living in the area with his Vietnamese family, was arrested at the Nang Cu Church and was detained at this prisoneriod before being transferred to an unknown camp. BUSlm

a. Army sergeant and helicopter crewman, was expelled from Vietnam6 and flown out of HCMCrench evacuation flightther stranded Americans and dependents. With the except of no other foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Chau Doc or Kham Lon Prison: . It was the former French-built GVN Province Prisonnd was administered by the Chau Doc City PSO under the command of Nguyen Tuyen or Nam. It held an averageale and female Vietnamese inmates, former ARVN/gvn political prisoners and civil criminals, and was converted9hau Doc City PSO Temporary Detention Camp (Trai Tam Giu) pre-trial facility which was authorized to hold inmates without trial or sentencing for up to two months. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Nui Cam Reeducation Camp: As oft was located at Nui Cam in That Son District and heldambodian and Vietnamese border crossers. With the exception of Cambodian inmates, no other foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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Ben Tre Province

eeducation Camp: It was opened4 in Ben Tre Province. 8acility, administered by the Ben Tre Province PSO. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

eeducation Camp or Chau Binh Reeducation Camp: 0 was located at Chau Binh Village, Giong Trom District, northeast of the road between Giong Trom and Ba Tri ith the Ba Lai River on its northern perimeter aboutilometers northeast of Giong Trom District Town and aboutilometers northeast of Ben Tre City. 0 was anacility which was administered by the Ben Tre Province PSO. 0man staff. During the periodas commanded by Senior Captain Nguyen Van Het or Muoi Tan Cong and his deputy. Senior Captain Bui Van Xa or Tu Nghia. As of it heldietnamese inmates: ivil criminals,RVN/GVN political prisoners, andoat escapees. As of it hodietnamese inmates, mostly boat escapees. No foreign nationals wore reported in detention at this camp.

eeducation Camp: 1 was located near Thanh Phu District Townshipnd was administered by the Ben Tre Province PSO. As oft heldietnamese inmates: ivil criminals,RVN/GVN political prisoners, andoat escapees. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

abor Production Camp: 2 was located along the Co Chien River in Thanh Phu Districtilometers southeast of Ben Tre City and was administered by the Ben Tre Province PSO. 2 was commanded by Major Nguyen Thanh Long,man staff, and heldietnamese inmates, boat escapees and civil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

eeducation Camp: 4 was most likely administered by the Ben Tre Province PSO for Vietnamese inmates. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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Reeducation Camp: Augustwas located at Phu Son village in Cho 6 was administered by the Ben Tre Provincewas commanded by Major Doan Van Trung. 6 held aboutinmates: ivil criminals andoat escapes.

No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Hy Reeducation Camp: . Thelocated near Huong My Village aboutilometersTrue Giang District Town and was administered by thewas commanded by PAVN Senior Captain Le Van Thep and whendown8RVN second and firsttransferred to0 Reeducation Camp in Ben No foreign nationals were reported in detentioncamp.

or Ben Tranh Reeducation Camp: .

It was located about nine toilometers southeast of Ben Tre City along the Ham Luong River at Phuoc Long village in Chau Thanh District. 5 was administered by the Ben Tre Province PSO and as of7 was commanded by Senior Captain Nguyen Thanh Hung (Hai Thanhhoraan5 initially functionedrocessing center for ARVN and GVN detainees. As of5 heldVN village chiefs, popular forces outpost commanders, provincial civil servants, and aboutRVN junior grade officers. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Ngang Reeducation Camp: Itby the Cau Ngang District PSO and held aboutinmates, boat escapees and civil criminals. nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Thorn Reeducation Camp: It was administered by PAVN near Thorn village about five kilometers west of Mo Cay District Township forrvn junior grade officers until it was closed in7 at which timeRVN officers were transferred to the Chi Lang Reeducation Camp in An Giang Province. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Ben Tre City Prison: 5 to date. It is the former GVN Province Prison located in the southwest section of Ben Tre City. Since it has been administered by the Ben Tre City PSOman staff. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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Ba Tang Reeducation Camp: t was administered by the Ba Tri District PSO under the command of Senior Captain Nguyen Thanh Tarn (Sau Tarn), and was located in the siteormer GVN Chieu Hoi (Rallier) Center. The Camp heldRVN and GVN National Police junior grade officers and GVN hamlet and village level officials until it was closed sometime after No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Ba Tri Ly Women's Center (Trung Tam Ba Tri It was located in the center of Ben.Tre City and was primarily usedomen's detention facility by the Ben Tre Province PSO. As of it heldemale inmates andale youths less thanears old. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Temporary Detention Camp t was administered by the Ben Tre Province PSO in an area about one kilometer northwest of Ben Tre City and was commanded by Major Anh Tu whoraan staff. It heldietnamese inmates, mostly boat escapees. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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Binh Tri Thien Province

Hoang Cat Reeducation Camp: . It was administered by the Binh Tri Thien Province PSO in an areailometers northwest of Hue City in Cam Nghia Village, Cam Lo District, off Route 9. It was composed of four subcamps (Hoang Cat, Xuong Giay, Vinh Thuy, Xoa) and byeldietnamese inmates. The main Hoang Cat Camp heldnmates,ivil criminals andRVN NCO's and officers up to lieutenant colonel rank. The Xuong Giay Camp was located four kilometers north of the main Hoang Cat Camp and heldivil criminals. The Vinh Thuy Camp was locatedilometers north of the main Hoang Cat Camp in present day known Quang Binh Province and was disbanded in The Xoa Camp was locatedilometers southwest of the main Hoang Cat Camp, and held aboutivil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Binh Dien Reeducation Camp: It was administered by the Binh Tri Thien PSO in an area eight kilometers west of Binh Dien village in Huong Tra District, andilometers southwest of Hue City. It consisted of five subcampshroughemale rehabilitation camp. It held at one timeRVN/police officers. As ofeldRVN officers;eldRVN/GVN police junior officers;eldRVN junior grade first lieutenants;eld an unknown number of ARVN captains and field grade officers; andeldRVN second lieutenants. ndnmates were released duringnmates were released byndnmates had been released as of Afterhe Binh Dien Camp heldRVN captains and field grade officers. As of it held only civil criminals, boat escapees, and political prisoners. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Ai Tu Reeducation Camp: It was administered by the PAVN in an area aboutilometers west-northwest of Quang Tri City and consisted of five subcamps Xt held at one timeRVN officers. The Ai Tu Camp was closed in either August or8 after most detainees had been released. The last grouprvn captains and field grade .officers were

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transferred to the Binh Dien Reeducation Camp near Hue City in No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Con Tien Reeducation Camp: it was established in5 about six kilometers. military base adjacent to the DMZ near Con Tien Village, Cam Lo District in former gvn Quang Tri Province. It was administered by the PAVN and heldRVN officers in three subcamps The camp was closed in7 when its last groupRVN junior and field grade officers were transferred to the Ai Tu Reeducation Camp. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Lao Bao or Khe Sanh Reeducation Camp: It was administered by the PAVN and heldRVN officers up to lieutenant colonel rank near the Lao border and aboutilometers west of Khe Sanh off of Nationalo foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Trieu Hoa Reeducation Camp: It was administered by the PAVN at An Long Hamlet, Trieu Hoa village, Trieu Phong District, Quang Tri Province, and was usedrocessing center forRVN/GVN personnel until5 when it was closed- No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Takon Reeducation Camp: It was administered by the PAVN Quang Tri Province Unit at Khe Sanh Village, Huong Hoa District, ilometers. Marine base and two kilometers east of the Lao border. The camp was established by the PAVN after the3 Paris Ceasefire Agreement and was closed down in5RVN inmates transferred to the Con Tien Reeducation Camp. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Dong Son Reeducation Camp: . It was administered by the Binh Tri Thien Province PSO and was commanded by Major Nguyen Ngoc Lai whoan staff. The camp was locatedilometers southwest of Dong Hoi Town in currently known Quang Binh Province. it received an unknown number of ARVN/GVN inmates from the Hoang Cat Reeducation Camp. , itietnamese inmates: ivil criminals,oat escapees, andomen. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

On Binh Tri Thien Province was divided into three provinces, which are currently named Quang Binh Province, Quang Tri Province, and Thua Thien-Hue Province.

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Cms Long Province

Ben Gia Reeducation Camp: . It was administered by the Cuu Long Province PSO under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Huynh Quang Tru (Muoihoan staff- It was located in an area aboutilometers southeast of Tra Vinh City near Long Huu Village in Duong Hai District and was composed of two subcamps Ast heldietnamese inmates: RVNhoenix personnel,olice officers. As it heldietnamese inmates: esistance,oat escapees. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Cuu Long Province Prison or Vinh Long City Jail (Khar-Duong Thi Xa Vinh Long): It was located adjacent to the vinh Long City market and was the former GVN vinh Long Province Prison. As of it heldietnamese inmates: civil criminals, boat escapees, and political prisoners. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Dua Do Reeducation Camp: It was located near Don Hamlet, Nhi Long Village, Can Long District, aboutilometers south of Can Long District Town. It was administered by the Can Long District PSO, and heldVN hamlet, village and district officials. As oft had become the Can Long District PSO detention facility for civil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Thong Nhut Prison or Tra Vinh City Jail: It waseters southeast of Duong Hai District Town and was administered by the Duong Hai Oistrict PSOman staff. As ofS, it heldietnamese inmates: oat escapees,ivil criminals, andolitical prisoners. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Hien Thanh Agriculture worksite: It was located seven kilometers north of Duong Hai District Town and was administered by the Duong Hai District PSOman staff. it heldietnamese inmates:

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boat escapeesivil criminals. As of it heldietnamese inmates: oat escapeesivil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Long Ho Reeducation Camp: It was administered by the Long Ho District PSO under the command of Aspirant Pham Tangman staff at An Due Village along Inter-Provincialbout nine kilometers southwest of Vinh Long City. It heldale and female Vietnamese boat escapees, civil criminals, and low-level political criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

My Tu Reeducation Camp: . It was administered by the PSO between My Tu village and Tra Cu District Township and heldietnamese boat escapees and civil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Onuu Long Province was divided into two provinces, which are currently named vinh Long Province and Tra vinh Province.

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Dac Lac Province

Moval Reeducation Camp: It was administered by the PAVN and located offt Quang Nhieu Village in Ban Me Thuot District, ilometers from Ban Me Thuot City. Int was turned over to the Dac Lac Province PSO. As of itRVN officers and GVN personnel ofere transferred in7 to an unknown camp in the northern SRV. As of it heldietnamese inmates most of whom were ARVN/GVN police officers or civil criminals who were tried and sentenced to more than three years imprisonment. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

hue Ngoc Dien Reeducation Camp: It wasilometers east-southeast of Ban Me Thuot Town. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

uon Ho Camp: It was located northeast of Ban Me Thuot Town. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Province Prison: It was the former French-built GVN Ban Me Thuot Province Prison in Ban Me Thuoc City and was administered by the Dac Lac Province PSO. As oft hadietnamese inmates, includingembers of the United Front for the Liberation of Oppressed Races (FULRO) who had been arrest during the, mostly AnotherRVN/GVN officers were heldetention facility inside the PSO headquarters compound. ew province prison was being built9 near the Ban Me Thuot radio transmitter station. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at_ this camp.

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Dong Nai Province

1. , Gia Rai, or Xuan Loc Reeducation Camp: The camp was established in5 by the HOI and was located seven kilometers from Gia Rai and Xuan Thanh Villages in Xuan Loc District at the foot of Nui Chua Chan Mountain, ilometers southeast of Xuan Loc District Town. as commanded by MOI Lieutenant Colonel Tran VanOI Lieutenant Colonel Trinh Van, and MOI Lieutenant Colonel Pham Van. Lieutenant Colonel Trinh van Thichan staff, includingrisons management personnel provided by the MOI Prisons Management Police Department and one armed public security battalion for the guard force. as composed of three subcamps (KA, KB, KC). The KA, KB and KC camps eachraan staffman armed public security companyuard force. As of this camp system heldrisoners. The KA Camp heldRVN and GVN police officers who had been transferred from various campsa Nam, Thanh Phong) in the northern SRV and someULRO resistance members. The KB and KC Camps each hadetainees, mostly boat escapees and some resistance members. Civil criminals began arriving in the camp from Ho Chi Ninh City in As ofeldietnamese inmates; the KA Campnmates; KB; and KCnmates. Inadietnamese inmates: RVN/GVN officers,oat escapees, nti-SRV resistance group members. As oft heldietnamese inmates: ield gradeunior officers, ther boat escapees and resistance members. IntRVN officers from the Gia Trung Reeducation Camp in Gia Lai-Con Turn Province. In the springamp heldRVN and GVN police officers,ivil criminals. Its KC Camp was located at the headquarters base camp of the formerh Infantryd Regiment. Foreign visitors were allowed in the campour of the facilities in the spring9 and Aroundas visted by one French and one Japanese journalist- As this camp was the only camp in the southern MOI prisons systems which gave courses in prisons management. hree-month course was givenOI Prisons Management Department cadre. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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Reeducation Camp <Phan Trai Cai) orard Labor Reeducation Camp (Trai Cai Tao Cuong Buc'Lao Dong): . as located in an area four kilometers southeast of Xuan Loc District Township off National Route 1. The camp was administered by the PAVN7 when it was turned over to the Dong Nai Province PSO. Under the PAVN, it heldrvn/GVN inmates. Seven hundred of these inmates were transferred to camps in the northern SRV 73 it was commanded by MOI Lieutenant Colonel Le Nhan aka Ut Nhan. As ofeldietnamese inmates who were ARVN/GVN and boat escapees. Asampodel showcase camp for foreign delegations and foreign press visitors and was composed of three camps (KA, KB, KC). It heldietnamese inmates: ivil criminals with trial sentences,oat escapees. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Bau Lam Reeducation Camp: . The camp was established by the MOI at Ba To village in Xuyen Moc District near the Xuyen Moc Reeducation Camp and wasilometers north of Inter-Provincial Routerom Ba Ria in the direction of Ham Tan. The Bau Lam Camp was administered by the Dong Nai Province PSO Prisons Management Office and had two subcamps. As ofS, the Bau Lam Camp heldnmates. Its Lo Gach Subcamp was established in7 at Ba To village where it heldRVN police company grade officers. Its Bau Non Subcamp was located eight kilometers west of Ba To village where, as of itnmates: VN police,VN hamlet and village chiefs, oat escapees. The camp was commanded by MOI Captain Bui Tan Cong whoan staff and an unknown size guard force. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Xuyen Moc Reeducation Camp or TH-6: The camp was established9 by the MOI and was commanded by MOI Lieutenant Colonel Vo, MOI Lieutenant Colonel Nguyen Cong, and MOI Major Nguyen Van It was located on the Ray Rivert Ba To Village in Xuyen Moc Districtilometers west of Bau Lam village and had three subcamps (A, Asamp "A" heldnmates: RVN company grade officers and GVNVN political party members,ivil criminals. Camp "C" heldnmates: RVN company grade officersivil

criminals. As of it heldietnamese

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inmates: former ARVN and GVN police, resistance group members, civil criminals, and boat escapees. The Xuyen Moc Camp may or may not be identical with the Bau Lam Camp. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Trang Bom Reeducation Camp:- The camp was administered by PAVNor ARVN officers in an area five kilometers northwest of Trang Bom Village in Thong Nhut District and was composed of five subcampso foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Long Giao Reeducation Camp: The camp was locatedilometers from HCMCilometers north of Xa Cam My at Long Giao Village on Inter-Provincialn the base camp of the formerh Infantryh Regiment, ilometers southeast of Xuan Loc District Township. The site had also been used as

a. 1st Cavalry Division base camp. The carap was administered by PAVNan staffrocessiong center forRVN officers up to colonel rank and was reportedly the largest camp for ARVN officers in tlie southern SRV. , Special Technical Directorateilitary Security Serviceombined Military Interrogation Center (CMIC), and Capital Military District (CMD) officers were transferred first to the Tan Hiep Reeducation Camp in5 before being transferred to various camps in the northern SRV. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Dau Day Reeducation Camp: The camp was northeast of Xuan Loc District Township and heldRVN. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Tan Hiep or Suoi Mau Reeducation Camp . This is the former ARVN 3rd Corps POW Camp which was located near Ho Nai Village in Due Tu District, four kilometers north of Bien Hoa City on National Route 1. The camp was administeredan staff from PAVNnder the command of Major Nguyen Xuan Nghe until 8 when it was transferred to MOI control. Duringoriod, the camp was composed of five subcamps) and heldRVN. Afterwards. Tan Hiepan MOI staff, and the five subcamps. , most inmates were transferred to camps in the northern SRV. In, one half, and one

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halfere, one halfnd one halfere the only subcamps with inmates. As ofhe Tan Hiep Camp heldRVN. as closed next, inhe MOI began moving itsnmateso the newly built MOI Central Tong Le Chan Reeducation Camp in Song Be Province; Tan Hiep held at this timeoa Hao religious sectivil criminals andRVN officers. Tan Hiep was reportedly closed sometime. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Nai Province Prison: . Itformer GVN Bien Hoa Province National Police Prison andadjacent to the Nationalunction ofto Bien Hoa City and Long Khanh. It wasthe Dong Nai Province PSO's Prisons Managementan staff and heldietnameseforeign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Bien Hoa City Jail: . It was located near the Bien Hoa City market on the Dong Nai River and was under MOI control3 when it was transferred to the control of the Dong Nai Province PSO's Prisons Management Police Office. As, it heldormer SRV cadre (civilian, police and military) who had been convicted of various crimes. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Loc An Labor Camp: It was administered by the Long Dat District PSO in an areailometers east of Long Dat District Town, and heldietnamese inmates: oat escapees,ivil criminals, andorrupt SRV cadre. It was commanded by Major Chin Nhung. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Long Dat Prison: It was administered by the Chau Thanh (Ba Ria) District PSO in an areailometers northeast of the Chau Thanh District Township bus station along Inter-Provincialnd as ofeldietnamese inmates: boat escapees, civil criminals, and corrupt SRV cadre. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Long Thanh Reeducation Camp "lS/NV-: It was established and administered by the MOI as an interrogation processing facility for high-level GVN officials. It was organized into four.)

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to holdRVN/GVN officials. eldntermediate- and high-level GVN executive, legislative and judicial branch officers. eldntermediate-end high-level members of various GVN political parties. eldVN CIO personnel. eldVN National Police and other security service personnel. nmates were transferred to the ThuV" Prison in Mostndnmates were sent by shipo Quang Ninh Province, northern SRV, for processing to one of several central-level camp complexes for ARVN and GVN personnel. Long Thanh was transferred from direct MOI control to the Dong Nai Province PSO. As it heldietnamese inmates: ARVN/GVN officials, boat escapees, civil criminals, and political offenders. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

14. Thu DuePrison: . It was the former GVN Women's Prison in Thu Due District Township. In it receivedrisoners from the LongV" Reeducation Camp for further interrogation and processing. Included in this figure wereVN CIO andVN National Police officers and personnel. As ofV" Camp hadnmates, includingVN Ministers, ational Assemblymen, RVN field grade officers who had been in GVN civil administrationntermediate to high level civil servants,ational Police officers, IO officers, andolitical party leaders- V inmates were transferredo central-level camps in the northern SRV, such as the MOI Central Nam Ha Reeducation Camp in Ha Nam Ninh Province. V" Camp was converted into an MOI Training School. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Tran Tao Reeducation Camp: It was administered by PAVNman staff near the Tran Tao Railroad Depot,ilometers northeast of Xuan Loc District Town. It was composed of four subcamps) and heldRVN junior officers up to captain rank. it had been converted into an agricultural worksite. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Le Loi Reeducation Camp: It was administered by PAVNormer ARVN camp

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ilometers southwest of Xuan Loc District Town off of Nationalnd heldRVN junior grade officers. By the camp was closed and convertedAVN installation. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Cat Lai Reeducation Camp: It was administered by PAVNn the compound of the former ARVN Military Watchdog School. It was seven kilometers east of Nhon Trach village in Long Thanh District andRVN majors and lieutenant colonels. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Thanh Hoa Reeducation Camp: it was administered by PAVNn the formerd Ranger Regiment's enlisted men's family housing area along National Routeeven kilometers north of Bien Hoa City near Ho Nai Village in Due Tu District. As of it was commanded by PAVN Senior Captain Tam Tin andman staff. It heldRVN junior grade officers. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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Dong Thap Province

Cao Lanh Reeducation Camp: he camp was located nine kilometers southeast of Sa Dec City and heldRVN officers: ield gradeunior grade, police officers, and phoenix personnel. Inield grade officers were moved to the northern SRV. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Tran Quoc Toan Reeducation Camp: he camp was administered by PAVNormer ARVN Training Centerilometers northwest of Cao Lanh District Township along Provincial Routend eight kilometers northwest of Cao Lanh City. It heldRVN officers up to lieutenant colonel rank and GVN civil officials of similar rank. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Dongeeducation Camp: t was administered by the Dong Thop Province Military Unit under the command of PAVN Major Le Van Mai aka Ba Mai between June and5 in an ARVN 9th Infantry Division camp five kilometers west of Sa Dec City near Ninh Thuan Hamlet, Tan Binh Hoa village,ilometers northwest of Sa Dec City. Prisoners worked at the adjacent Dong Thap Agricultural worksite. The Camp heldrvn lieutenants and was closed in8ere releasedere transferred to the Lang Bien Reeducation Camp. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Lang Bien Reeducation Camp: The camp was located in the vicinity of the Dongamp. Itetainees: RVN lieutenants,VN hamlet and village chiefs,olice officers, and civil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported In detention at this camp.

Sa Dec Reeducation Camp: t was administered by the PAVNong Thap Province Military Unit. It was commanded by PAVN Captain Muoi Ky whoman staff. The camp was located inside the former ARVN 9thh Regiment military housingilometers outside Sadec City. It heldRVN second and first lieutenants. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this

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Dong Catt was Province Military ARVN junior grade

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released, this camp

Camp: 7 administered by the PAVNong Thap Unit andman staff- Most Of its officers and GVN civil servants were

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Gia Lai-Con Turn Province

1. Gia Trung Reeducation Camp: it was administered by the MOI at kilometern Routen Mang Giang District between Pleiku and Qui Nhon Cities and was composed of six subcamps ) under the command of MOI lieutenant colonel Le Xuan Nhian staff. man staffs. As of9 itnmates, RVN officers. As of1 itf which were ARVN officers up to colonel rank. amps heldRVN officers/GVN officials each and,amps held civil criminals. amps were closed1 andamp was closedfterwards,amps held civil criminals andamp heldietnamese inmates: RVN/GVN,

Was -

were reported in detention at this camp.

2. Gia Lai-Con Turnr Pleibong Reeducation Camp: . This camp was located near the Gia Trung Reeducation Camp and was administered by the Gia Lai-Con Turn Province PSO under the command of Major Luong Von Trung at Plei Ta Dieng Hamlet, Ia Ven village, Mang Xang District, off of rench-Vietnamese male, Nguyen Van Minh, was sentenced to five years of imprisonment on espionage charges and was held in5 Camp from5 to6 when he was transferred to the Gia Trung Reeducation Camp where he was detained until his release3 Three or four other Eurasian males were held5 during and6 on criminal charges. As5 heldnmates: oliticalivil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Due Co Reeducation Camp: PAVN control, it heldo Village. No foreign nationals this camp.

Under0 officers) near Due were reported in detention at

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Binh Reeducation Camp: nder PAVN control* it heldRVN officers near Thanh Binh village in Chu Prong District. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Gia Lai-Con Tum Province Prison: . Under the Gia Lai-Con Tum Province PSO it was the former Trench-built GVN Pleiku Province Prison in Pleiku city and heldivil criminals. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Tra Ba0 Reeducation Camp: . It was opened in0 by the Gia Lai-Con Turn Province PSO under the command of Captain Tran Viet Hung at Tran Ba Village east of Routen Pleiku City and initially heldnmates. After its completiont became the PSO's temporary detention camp. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

ia Lai-Cong Tum Provinceinto two provinces, which are currently named Giaand Kon Tum Province.

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Minn Hai Province

Song Ong Doc Labor Reform Camp.fLien Trairinh Reeducation Camp: - It was initially administered by PAVN MR-9, and heldRVN captains InRVN captains were transferred to the Canal No.Kinh Tarn Ngan) Reeducation Camp in Kien Giang Province. Later, it was under Minh Hai Province PSO control and heldietnamese prisoners, oat escapees, and some political and resistance group prisoners. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Cay Dua aka Cay Guia Reeducation Camp or Cay Guia Temporary Camp (Trai Tam Giam Cay Guia): . Under Minh Hai Province PSO control, the camp was located one kilometer fromn Gia Rai District on the banks of the Cay Guia River and about four kilometers from Tac Van village between Ca Mau City and Gia Rai District Town. Int heldietnamese inmates: oat escapees,RVN/GVN police, criminals, and resistance types. Ast heldietnamese inmates; its prison section0 boat escapees;RVN;orrupt SRVivil criminals); and, its temporary pre-trial detention camp heldther individuals. As of it heldietnamese inmates. Its prison section heldales0 boat escapees, riminals,olitical types) and0 boat escapees andriminals) who were tried and sentenced. Its temporary detention camp also held at this timerisoners for pre-trial processing. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

Minh Hai Province Prison: Under the Minh Hai Province PSO, the prison held as of9ietnamese inmates: political, criminal, boat escapees, and resistance members. In the overt Hanoi press announced the releasehai fishermen who had been arrested by the PSO for poaching in Minh Hai Province waters. No other foreign nationals were reported in detention at this prison.

Gia Rai Reeducation Camp: Under the Gia Rai District PSO, it held as of9ietnamese inmates. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

E T

^yBen Da Pris0": . Under the

Bac Lieu District PSO, it held as of9ietnamese inmates. It was the former GVN Bac Lieu Province Prison. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this prison.

u 6" inn Reeducation Camp: Itnownnumber of ARVN/GVN personnel.

I provided information about having seen oneyear-oldale afcn June

nationals were reported in detention at

cni5 camp.

7. Nam Can Reeducation Camp: It held

w2ARYN/GVN Personnel. No foreign national were reported in detention at this camp.

8- Hon Da Dai Reeducation Camp: It held an unknown number of ARVN/GVN personnel. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

' n Van9 Reeducation Camp: itARVN/GVN personnel. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

. u XJ" Reeducation Camp No.Trai Cai Tai So Hai) ofl- ' w" administered byn helS over IIIh? Da Bac (Son* Da Bac> Cana*

boat escapee- it also held

jtyAfei9rLJ?SnaIs were reported in detention at this camp.

Carap: . It wasPAVN in Coi Ba Hamlet, Tran Hoi Village. / lstrict-0 ARVN officers and NCO's

Cav Ll7tes transferred toReeducation Camp. No foreign nationals

were reported in detention at this camp.

12. Canh Den Reeducation Carap: It

near Canh DenyHamlet.Pvinh ThSan

boutgrade

" fc was closed in No foreign

nationals were reported in detention in this camp.

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13. Dai Ngai Agricultural Camp: It wa commanded by Truong Sen Gang aka Ba Xinh (parent agency unknown) andO-man staff. It was locatedmall island in the mouth of the Hau Giang River near Dai Ngai village in former GVN Ba Xuyen Province and heldRVN/GVN inmates. No foreign nationals were reported in detention at this camp.

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Original document.

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