MIDDLE EAST AFRICA BRIEF (DELETED) FOR JUL 26 1977.4

Created: 7/26/1977

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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CAST AFRICA BRIEFJULV

1- EGYPT-LIBYAi ^ THERE HERE NO CLASHES ALONfi THE EGYPTIAN-LIBYAN BORDER YESTERDAY FOLLOWING PRESIDENT SADAT'S UNILATERAL ORDEREASE-FIRE ON SUNDAY. ALTHOUGH THE LIBYANS ALMOST CERTAINLY WELCOME THE REPRIEVE* THEY HAVE NOT YET RESPONDED TO SADAT'S ANNOUNCEMENT AND CONTINUE TO CHURN OUT BELLICOSE PROPAGANDA AGAINST THE EGYPTIANS* ARAB MEDIATORS CONTINUE TO SHUTTLE BETWEEN THE THO COUNTRIES BUT HAVE NOT YETORMAL TRUCE-V

mfg THE DEFIANT TONE OF THE LIBYANINTENDED PRIMARILY TO RALLY THE LIBYANTHAT PRESIDENT dADHAFX MAY NOTORMAL TRUCC AS LONG AS THE DE FACTO CEASE-FIRt HOLDS UP- THIS MOULD GIVE HXR TIME TO ASSESS HIS MILITARY LOSSES* SEEK OUTSIDE HELP* AND PLAY UP EGYPTIAN -AGGRESSION--V

m XT IS ALIO POSSIBLE THAT iADHAFX HANTS TO KEEP ALIVE THE POSSIBILITYESUMPTION OF HOSTILITIES UNTIL SECRETARY VANCE'S VISIT TO THE REGION IN EARLY AUGUST* iADHAFX HAY REASON

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THAT THIS WOULD AT THE VERY LEAST CAUSE SOME EMBARRASSMENT FOR THE EGYPTIANS AND THUS MAKE THE VISIT MORE DIFFICULT.V

J THE LIBYAN PRESS HAS BECOME INCREASINGLY EXPLICIT IN ITS ALLEGATIONS THAT THE US HAS COLLABORATED IN EGYPTIANTHE MEDIA HAVE ACCUSED THE US OF TRYING TO PUNISH LIBYA FOR OPPOSING US POLICY AND OF COLLABORATING WITH ISRAEL IN USING SADATELLON ARAB.V

| IN ADDITION TO ALGERIAN* KUWAITI, AND PALESTINIANEFFORTS* SEVERAL ARAB AND AFRICAN STATES HAVE CALLED FOR EMERGENCY MEETINGS OF THE ARAB LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZATION OF AFRICAN UNITY. THE GENERAL ARAB ATTITUDE REFLECTED IN THE MEDIA THROUGHOUT THEONTINUES TO BE ONE OFahD CONCERN OVER YET ANOTHER SPLIT IN ARAB RANKS.V

| ARAB COUNTRIES HAVE ADMONISHED BOTH EGYPT AND LIBYA FOR DIVERTXN6 RESOURCES AND ATTENTION FROM THE PRIMARY STRUGGLE WITH ISRACL- CAIRO HAS BEEN CRITICIZED IN SEVERAL INSTANCES EVEN BY SOItt ARAB MODERATES FOR EXERCISING ITS CLEAR MILITARY SUPERIORITY AND FAILING TO SHOW MORE PATIENCE AND RESTRAINT*

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