(ESTIMATED PUB DATE) AFGHANISTAN: TRIBAL UNREST - TURKEY: PROGOVERNMENT EDITOR

Created: 1/31/1979

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AFGHANISTAN: Tribal Onrest

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opposition co tne government or Atgnanistan may be spreading, possibly in reaction to the nine-month-old leftist regime's arrest of religious leaders and its efforts to implement land reform. The government has been unable to quell the tribal revolt under way in Nangarhar Province and recently sent reinforcements to mountainous Oruzqan Province.

clashes have occurred recently in oruzgan ana also in Parvan Province north of Kabul. There also has been unrest in and around the southern city of Qandahar, and the city remains tense. While tribal opposition probably presents little threat to the government in the short term, it doesotentially dangerous trend. Opposition to the regime seems to be growing, and successful resistance could encourage other disaffected groups to act against the government.

Editor's Murder

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murder in Istanbul yesterday of one of Turkey's most prominent newsmen, Apti Ipekci, may indicate that some rightwing extremist groups have now begunmembers of the Turkish establishment. If so, additional assassinations of prominent Turks are likely. No group has claimed responsibility for the murder, but the government believes rightists were involved. Martial law authorities may institute more repressive crackdowns on extremist groups. Ipekci was the editor of the moderate, progovernment daily ttilliyetongtime confidant of Prime Minister Eeevit and other leading Turkish politicians.

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