Created: 8/26/1980

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Since the competitive diaen3ion of the US-Soviet interaction in the nonproliferation field has assumed increasing salience. R is sensitive about beconins too closelythe eyes of the developing nations with the inJuserialiied and nuclear "Kest." Moreover Moscow suspects that the United State* might actually'condone the acquisition of nuclear weapons by certain states in order to sa.'ecuard US regional interests. The Indian case oifer* the USSR an opportunity to exploit the dilemmas faced by US nonproliferarion policymakers in South Asiaelatively peaceful level, while at the saneinprevins ^js^aageuclear supplier to the developing nations.

Additionally, in the wake ot the Sovioc invasion ofn, the Soviet Union has been seeking areas in which it can aend its fences with the developing world in jeneral and with India in particular. Without dropping its basic opposition Id nuclear proliferation, Moscow has recently sought to appearore willing and reliable supplier than the United Scutes of ouclear -aterials fcr peaceful applications in the Third World. Increased invclveuent In the Indian nuclear program would be particularly attractive to the Soviet Unionariety of reasons. ng these would be the opportunity toolitical counterweight tc what Moscow view* js US encouragement of Pakistan's nuclear prcjraa. ^

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