SITUATION REPORTS - POLAND

Created: 8/29/1980

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

SITUATION REPORTS POLAND

between the government and strikers in Gdansk are deadlocked en the key issue of- free trade unions, and posturing bu the two sides appears to be taking tham bade toward confrontation.

. Each side has cried Co pressure che other into giving ground by settingtrike leader Lech Walesa yesterday urged his fellow countrymen not to go on strike for "three or four days* for che good of the country and to allow the regime time to aeet the strikers' demands, sisapparently was not carried on state radio or television as had beena veiled threat that the strike leaders are prepared to callationwide general strike if their demands are not met

Some strike leaders may be ready to follow through cn chis threat. Although Walesa has previously saideneral strike would noc aid the cause of the Gdansk strikers, he may not have the deciding voice. Vsmms*-

In Warsaw, regime spokesman Miroslaw Vfojciechow3ki =ade one of Che government's sharpest attacks yet'on the strike'leaders, specifically labeling themocialist and extremist." Ke also said that the present situation is "very serious"annot go. on much longer.'

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The Chu-ch, meanwhile, appears to be backing away slightly from earlier statements by Cardinal Wysiynski in which he seemed to side with the regime's calljiilek return to work. tatement issued by anneeting of the Episcopate's Main Council, broadcast

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yesterday on Vatican Radio, said that the dialogue between the strikers and government should find solutionsto both sides. smsBBa

Church accusations that the regime hadnly an "incomplete and unauthorized" version of Wyszynski's sermon on Tuesday soured the atmosphere of yesterday's negotiations in Gdansk. These actions by

the Church appear to reflect its concern over popular criticism that the Church was too closely identifying

itself with the regime and against the strikers. Slfe

Pressure on Cterek

The flurryumors in 'Warsaw" that party/ first ecretary Gierek wovld soon bedenied by the Polish Newsthat there has beon considerable pressure on Gierek to steo down, smmfast

Gierek say, in fact, have'come close vto being forced out. olish Foreign Ministry official Wednesday evening

flatly asserted sssmmmVHmBamefsB>Bthat Gierek had beonby.Stefan Olszewskientral committee plenum earlier in the day. Although-the evening. news lailod *oA' announce the change, the Polish official stuck to his story,

The failure of tho change to materialize could mean that the Polish pasty leadership concluded that Gierek's-.' -resignation without accompanying policy changes, wouldreak the impasse in Gdansk, the removal of Gierek,would reduce the nuaber of options available to the Polish regiae.The Soviets alao may have resistedisais^al this time, smmmm

r.er -

- If those pressuringlean swoop" p'revafi, the most likely candidate to succeed-Gierek appear to be olszowski. He is .reputed tooodwho favors'far-reaching roforms of-Poland ficient economy and wiio apparently has some'/good c( tions in Moscow. Gierak himself indirectly boostov Olszowski's claim'to be party leader during his sp<

Olszowski is not,ew face in the Polish leassrship and, as party -secretary for che economy6ust carry some of the blame for Poland's

current eco&csiic problems. Th* Polish leadership night decideotally newono of the

provincial part/needed if the party is to

projectew imago. Pursuing this option would cause Moscow the rsost concern because Lhe Soviet

leaders presumably would not be as familiar with such an

individual as they would like.

Coesaents of Soviet Officials

Th* highest ranking soviet official to discuss Poland's problems with Westerners described the situation as "bad" but claimed that Moscow is not anxious.

_ Soviet Ambassador Pyotr wrasijaov. Ambassador to Poland in tho, conveyed an impression of business as usual in Moscow. Ke asterted that the Soviet leaders viewed the events in Polandointing to President Brezhnev's current visit to the southwestern part of the Soviet Union as supporting evidence flBlfe

In contrast to Abrasimov's Jow-keyoviet trade union official recently -oIJ fltHL-fethe Polish strikers1

"second trade union system" would be "totally unacceptableocialist society. His rerarks undoubtedly represent :he prevailing, though still unpublicized. view in Moscow.

Romanian Reaction

The Pcnanian leadership vesterday betrayednxiety over the Polish crisis in an editorial in the party dailythat forcefully defended Poland's "inalienable right" to deal with Its "internal problems" without "outsidebut also asserted that "strikes" are not thc way to solve economic difficulties. The statement appears to reflectoncern that Moscow may eventually decide to intervene in Poland and lays the grouodwork for Romania's refusal to particioate in such an action. The editorial also seeus an argument to Romanian workers, who are clearly unhappy'about rising pricei and shortages of food and other consumer goods, not to use strikes to press their grievance?,, (Hikm

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