POLAND

Created: 10/31/1980

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

Testerdau't meeting of Cop Soviet and Poliah leaders will strengthen the Polish Government's determination^ today'sconfrontation with the new trade unions. ^pj*/

Although the public description of the visit was carefully worded to avoid tha appearance that the Soviets were putting pressure on the Poles, Moscow probably urged party leader Kania to hold firm and hopes the impact of the trip .will encourage moderation by trade union mili-

The Soviet report of the visit, however, suggested Moscow retains substantial reservations about the Polish regime's ability to assert party supremacy over the new unions. Although President Brezhnev was said to have voiced -conviction- that Poland will be able to resolve its "acute" problems, he failed to endorse Kaniaor to indicate support for the Pole's approach to the current situation. This suggests the Soviets will be carefully assessing the outcome of the currentwith.an eye to exerting more open pressure on the regime and the unions.

Moscow apparently was not particularly forthcoming ln meeting Polish economic needs. The only concrete accomplishment seemed to be an understanding to "work, out" economic programs. The Soviets, moreover, appeared to stress that Poland must make better use of its exiating economic base and rely on its own resources in satisfying popular economic aspirations.

It is questionable whether th* Polish trade union leaders will be heavily influenced by the Polish leaders' hasty visit to Moscow or Brezhnev'snd their meeting today with Premier Pinkowski presumably will be very difficult. Both sides are arguing what theyan important matter of principle, but both seem to realize the gravity of the situation. It is possible, therefore, that nothing will be resolved today and that talks will continueater date.

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day that he feared tho situation mignt deteriorate further "vith catastrophic consequences for Poland and all of Europe." He alo ohinted that heovietby saying that Poland might become an "object of international relations." Tho official said he stilleformed party could rally the populace and unite the country, but believes there ls little time left to reestablish stability and that the "problem" is not free trade unions but "how to savo an indopendent,

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