POLAND

Created: 1/13/1981

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

POLAND

by pu^^ly criticizing the union'* leadership far the

Tne Soviet* have racponded to Solidar'^/'i -urk action on /trat tuna.

Soviet condemnations ofthe -most caustic TASS articlesecember and 1put the blame on local branches or specifichat were allegedly using the cover of the trade union or "antisocialist" activity. Reports in the Sovietmedia yesterday and Saturday, however, replayed Polish press articles criticizing "the leadership" of Solidarity for rejecting the government's proposal concerning the '< five-day workweek and organizing the work stoppage.eemsV

One Soviet report yesterday repeated the Polish news agency's contention that at some enterprises "Solidarity officials organized pickets and did not let workers into: the shops." More ominously, it,cited an open lettereeting of "veterans of the workers' movement" inreported1 by the Polishclaimedhostile to socialism" were trying to take over. the workers' movement in Poland and creatingrowing threat of counterrevolution.".

Onovi ' ficialublic foreign . -affairs lecture went so far as to describe Solidarity as "that anti-Soviet labor union." He accusedty leader Walesa of makinghe most direct Soviet condemnation of Walesa

.

The lecturer ridiculed tha Polish workers' demand for Saturdays offime when their country .Is in such bad economic shape that it has had to receive spe-cial aid from the Soviet Union and East Germany. He nded by asserting, to the applause of those innce, that, as in Hungary6 and Czechoslovakiacounterrevolution will notss>*>

. Approved tor Rviomj*

Tha lecture and the press articles continue the trend in Soviet commentarytore critical and pessimistic view of the situation in Poland that was presaged byanuary TASS attacV on Solidarity. The generally more upbeat coverage that followed the Warsaw Pact summit in December lasted only as long as the lull in Solidarity's activities during that month.%

Domestic Situation in Poland

Solidarity leaders have yet to respond to the ouster of'sit-in demonstrators by local authorities ln southern Poland, suggesting that theyeed for caution in dealing with what some of them searovocation. 4es9

Despite Kania's tough rhetoric on Saturday against agitation in theroup representing Poland's private farmers has threatened to call selec-tive "warning strikes" tomorrowovernmentdoes not begin discussions on an independent labor union for the farmers by early today. Solidarity has calledtate of "strike readiness" in southernand hasriday deadline for government talks on the farmers' union. This is the first time that Solidarity has raised the possibilitytrike in support of farmers' demands. asms*

Following theouster of sit-in

demonstrators on Sunday, authorities in another southern town yesterday evicted strikers from offices that had been occupied foreek. The two successive actions are small but significant reassertions of the overnment's authority. Several other sit-in strikes are still under way in the southern pert of tbe country. %as>

Solidarity spokesman, meanwhile, ssBBBBemBtseSBBl

eesmmeesmat thepects negotiations with the government over the issuehorter workweek soon after Walesa returns from Rome on Monday. Anto Solidarity said that the union had previously discussed twofactories to settle the matter at the local level and asking laborers to work some Saturdaysoluntary basis. The adviserno sense of what approach the union might favor. .

hid a:

Tho adviser also offered his personal opinion that the regime's idea of extending the workday by one-half hour was "purend he reitnratciolidarity statements that the main problem is that the regime cannot be trusted. The regime's recentoougher posture can only add to this sense of' mistrust and make eventual discussions very

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