HANOI'S POSITION ON AND ACTIVITIES REGARDING THE ISSUE OF U.S.

Created: 6/1/1981

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

- HARKINGSOURCES ANDTO FOREIGN NATIONALS--NOT RELEASABLE TOAND EXTRACTION OF INFORMATION CONTROLLED BY ORIG

- NOT ^CONSULTANTS -NATOR

TRIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE

POSITION ON, AND ACTIVITIES REGARDING,THE ISSUE. PERSONNEL MISSING-IN-ACTION IN INDOCHINA.

OP EARLYEITHER THE SOCIALIST VIETNAM (SRV) GOVERNMENT NOR THE VIETNAMESE

OF COMMUNIST

HADATIONAL-LEVEL SEARCH IN INDOCHINA. PERSONNEL MISSING- IN-ACTION (MIA) ij* THE INDOCHINA WAR ENDING WITHIN THEINISTRY OP INTERIOR <BNV) NO MENTION WAS EVER MADE O' AN SRV

OFFICE TO HANDLE MIA MATTERS. FOR NORTH VIE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE HAS RECORDS CP AIRCRAFT SHOT DOWN IN THE. HANOI GAINED CONTROL OP SOUTH VIETNAM AND LAOS5 AND KAMPUCHEA ITS CAPABILITY TO ACCOUNT FOR

PRISONERS OF WAR (POW*S) AND MIA'E HAS NOT BEEN

ORGAN IZED. SOME SRV PERSONNE COMMENTED ON HANOI'S MANIPULATION OP THE MIA BARGAINING CHIP TO SEEK CONCESSIONS FROM THE

ISSUE.

THE SRV STILL. PEtSONNEL,

COULD POSSIBLY BE LOCATED AT FOUR SITES VIETNAM. END SUMMARY.

NORTH

AS OF EARLY NEITHER THE SOCIALIST jtEPUBLIC (SRV) NOR ITS RULING VIETNAMESE COMMUNIST PARTY HAD ORDERED ANY NATIONAL-LEVEL SEARCH FOR THE REMAINS MISSING-IN-ACTION (MIA) PERSONNEL IN THE SRV, LAOS OR POLITBURO POLICY ON. PRISONER OF WMt WAS CLASSIFIEDTATE SECRET AND WAS NOT PUBLICIZEDAND MILITARY STATE AND VNCP AGENCIES OR TOPOPULACE. HANOI APPEARED PROUD OF THE PACT'THATUNKNOWN). POW'S. MIA REMAINSTTO THE . POW/MtlA ISSUE KAft,im

BEING KEPT ALIVE AS TflG CHIPS" TO PRESSURE. GOVERNMENT TO CARRY OUT PROVISIONS OP3 PARIS AGREEMENT.)

EARNING NOTICE - INTELLIGENCE SOURCES AND METHODS!OT LEASABLE TO FOREIGNRELEASABLE TO CONTRACTORS^CONSULTANTS -SSEMINATION AND EXTRACTION OF INFORMATION CONTROLLED BY ORIGINATOR

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AND EXTRACTION OF INFORMATION CONTROLLED by ORIG

PUBLIC OR

ERNMENT -BNV), TO BNV

BY TBB SRV AN OFFICE F

THEGHOST" OF THE

S OF EARLYHERE WAS BOFOR THE REMAINS. PERSONNEL IN THENO INSTRUCTIONS WERE ISSUED BT THE SRVINCLUOING THEF INTERIOR (BO NOIECHELONS TO LOOK. REMAINS.NO MENTION WAS EVER MADE OF AN OFFICESEARCH. COMMENT: IF SUCH

EXISTED, PERSONNEL WOULD BE DRAWS^KOM THE BNV, MINISTRY NATIONAL DEFENSE AND THE MINISTRY OP FOREIGN AFFAIRS. WOULD HAVE NO FUNCTION TO PERFORM OTHER THAN ACTING AS FRONT TO. REPRESENTATIVES DURING. MIA ISSUE.)

3. FOR THE NORTHERN PART OF THE SRV, THE MINISTRY OF

CAPTURED AND CEPT

ERRED TO

NATIONAL.DEFENSE (MND) HAS COMPLETE RECORDS OFHOT DOWN BY TIME, DATE AND PLACE, AS WELL AS DATA ON DEAD AIR CREW MEMBERS4 THE BNV COMPLETE 'RECORDS ON. POW'S WHO HAD BEEN TRANS PRISON FACILITIES WHICH WERE ADMINISTERED BY THE BNV AID WHERE INTERROGATIONS WERE CONDUCTED. FOR EXAMPLE, THE CENTRAL HOA LO PRISON IN HANOI WAS AND HAS ALWAYS BEEN ADMINISTERED By THE BNV PRISONS MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT THE HOA LO PRISON WAS THE ONLY KNOWN PRISON FACILITY WHICH WAS PHYSICALLY GUARDED BY THE BNV. AN UNKNOWN NUMBER OF PRISON FACILITIES. PERSONNEL WERE GUARDED BY MND GENERAL POLITICAL DEPARTMENT MILITARY JUSTICE DEPARTMENT (CUC QUAN PHAP/CQP) PERSONNEL IN JOINT ACTION WITH THE BNV. AY PRISON WAS THE ONLY KNOWN FACILITY GUARDED BY THE CQP. (HEADQUARTERS COMMENT: KAS UNABLE TO COMMENT miim FACTUALLY ON THE LOCATION AND DES iGNATxaNS OF OTHER PRISON FACILITIES. PERSONNEL IN THE NORTHERN SRV DURING THE. )

AS FAR AS THE SOUTHERN SRV AND LAOS5 AND KAMPUCHEA9 ARE CONCERNED, HANOI'S CAPABILITY TO ACCOUNT. POW'S AND MIA REMAINS WAS NOT AS SYSTEMATICALORGANIZED AS IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE COUNTRY. NEVERTHELESS, HANOI THROUGH ITS BNV AND THE MND COULD TASK ITS SUBORDINATE COMMANDS IN THE SOUTHERN SRV TO SEARCH. REMAINS IF IT DESIIED. NO ORDER TO DO SO WAS ISSUED THROUGH BNV CHANNELS AS OF E. iRLY JUNE

1

4

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o :aptured

SOME DEGREE OF AUTONOMY FROM THE SRV, HANOI HAD THE POWJ DISCLOSE INFORMATION. PERSONNEL WHO WERE EITHER ALIVE OR DIED DURING THE INDOCBIHA WAR YEARS IN AREAS UNDER PATHET LAO CONTROL. IP THE PATHET LAO HAD. PERSONNEL, HANOI WOULD KNOW OF IT. IN THE CASE OP KAMPUCHEA,HANOI COMPLETELY CONTROLS ALL FACETS OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OP KAMPUCHEA <PRK> GOVERNMENT AND, IF DEMOCRATIC KAMPUCHEA! (DK) RECORDS ON AMERICAN PERSONNEL HAD FALLEN INTACT INTO SRV HANDS, HANOI WOULD HAVE THEM.

outbern

DP THESE

5. AFTER HANOI'S TAKEOVER OF SOUTH VIETNAM IN APRJ SEVERAL FOREIGNERS WERE CAPTURED AND/OR ARRESTED IN THE SRV. UDIO OPERATIONSADUMBER OF AUDIO IMPLANT DEVICES INSIDE THE CHI HOA PRISON IN HO CHI MINK CITY tHCMC) AND IN THE BIEN HOA PRISON. THESE TWO PRISDNS WERE ADMINISTERED BY THE 8NV PRISONS MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT THi BNV FOREIGN COUNTERESPIONAGE DEPARTMENT AS ALSO INVOLVED IN UNSPECIFIED ACTIVITIES AT BOTH PRISONS. (HEADQUARTERS COMMENT SOURCE WAS NOT ABLE TO PROVIDE INFORMATION ON EITHER THE IDENTITIES OR THE NATIONALITIES OF ANY POREIGNER ARRESTED/CAPTURED BY THE BNV AFTER HOWEVER, HE OPINED THAT FOREIGNERS ARRESTED IN THEOUTHERN SRV PROVINCES AND HCMC WOULD HAVE PROBABLY BEEN DETAINED FOR UNDETERMINED PERIODS AT ONE L PRISONS.)

IN

6. SOME SRV PERSONNEL HAVE MADE COMMENTS ON HANOI ON THE MIA UE SINCE THE COMMUNIST VICTORY

NT OP THE RINGACTICS CH

. SRV. THE JURE ON THE HE SRV ITH PRIVATE ED

SENIOR COLONEL VO VANHANG) ), DIRECTOR OF TJHE SRV BNV.

HMI31

TECHNICAL RECONNAISSANCE DEPARTMENT (CUC TRINH SAT KYOLITICAL STUDY SESSION AT THEEP" BNV REPRESENTATION FOR SOUTH VIETNAM (RSVN) IN HCMC. POLITICAL STUDY SESSION, MANG COMMENTED ON THE STRATEG <DUONG LOI CHIEN LUOC) OP THE SRV TOWARD B SUPPORTED THE OBJECTIVE OF NORMALIZING RELATIONS WITH AND WOULD BREAK. EFFORTS OF THE SRV STRATEGY WAS TO USE. MIA ISSUE TO PUT. GOVERNMENT TO PROVIDE ECONOMIC AID FOR THE SRV. MEANS WERE TO CONDUCT DIALOGUES ON. MIA. RELIGIOUS, CHARITABLE AND OTHER GROUPS. HANOI HO

- NOT CONSULTANTS -

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arningntelligence sources and methodsot isablb to foreignreleasable to contractors/;consultants -nation and extraction or information controlled by originator

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that these groups would generate pressure on. government and that these groups would in turn provide some economic or medical aid to the srv. the objective of this was to cultivate sympathy for the srv and to demonstrate the humaneness (op the srv toward the american populace, which would helpoal of establishing diplomatic relations with.

other comments to this cppect were made duringstudy session in9 by bnv major nguyen toersonnel in hcmc; major khac stated ilnunderstandable terms that *we have bargaining chips hem carry out the acbeeherts sltilfbb 1mcomment: commented that

attendees were aware kithoutlt being spec IFhat fbac'e reference to bargaining chips. personnel.)

HBiiai

following information is. personnel were and are

hdiji

6. (headquarters comment: largelyJ)

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being detained in hanoi might be keeping them in one or four probable areas in the northern srvi the!da phuc air base area, the central hoa lo prison in hanoi, ha son binh province and ha nam ninh province. the da pbuc airbase area, which served as one of the most sensitive military bases in the srv, was built with soviet assistance and was frequented by soviet personnel. it was largely made up of caves to concealTvarious types of mig aircraft and could conceivably be used to ikeep prisoners. the hoa lo prison in hanoi could still be used to. prisoners, based on the fact that hanoi's propaganda machinery hadilm record of prison conditions there according to what was heard from other bnv personnel. the provinces of ha son binh and ha nam ninh (particularly the area op former ninh binh province) were other likely areas. prisoners might be held, because collectivized areas tflere could be camouflaged to look like regular villages. other factors which might favor the possibility op these two provinces. pow's were that they were located far from the china-sfev border, were sparsely populated, mountainous and heavily porested; and prisoner facilities could be easily concealed fromof local inhabitants. (headquarters comment! althouge mentioned these areas as potential detention areas, his

HIHI3I

- not

ntelligence sources and methods -leasable to foreignreleasablb to contractors/consultants -ssemihation and extraction of information controlled by originator

. ARNINGSOURCES AND METHODSOT -LE TO FOREIGNRELEASABLE TO CONTRACTORS/CONSULTANTS -it AND EXTRACTION OF IN FORMATONTROLLED BY ORIGINATOR

PERSONAL OPINION WHICH ARE NOT FURTHER SUPPORTED BY FACTS. SINCE HE DID NOT HAVE SPECIFIC ACCESS TO EITHER

_ PLACE

AND HAD NO

fO SUPPORT HIS REASONIfG FURTHER.

HipjBjCUGGESTEDF DETEPMIN INCJ]

CONFIRMING. PERSONNEL WERE EITHER BEING HELD AGAINST THEIR WILL OR HAD VOLUNTARILY REMAINED IN INDOCHINA3 WASHUMI TO CHECK OUT SYSTEMATICALLY KNOWN AND SUSPECTED DETENTION FACILITIES WITH EMPHASIS PLACED ON OBTAINING INFORMATION FROM CADRE WHO HAD WORKED OR HAD DEALT DIRECTLY WITH THE MANAGEMENT AND EXPLOITATION. PRISONERS.)

(HEADQUARTERS COMMENTi ALTHOUGHNOT SEEN. CIVILIAN AND MILITARY PRISONERS OR OTHER FOREIGN CAPTIVES AND WAS NOT KNOWLEDGEABLE OP. AIRCRAFT CRASH SITES AND BURIAL SITE8. PERSONNEL, HE PROVIDED OTHER COMMENTS BASED ON HIS PERSONAL OPINION ON REQUIREMENT AREAS OF INTEREST ON. POW/MIA ISSUE. IF HANOI HAS. PRISONERS, EITHER AGAINST THEIR WILL OR VOLUNTARILY, AFTER MARCH HANOI WOULD HAVE ASSIGNED THE TASK OP ADMINISTRATING FACILITIES FORJ THEMPECIAL HIGHLY COMPARTMENTED GROUP UNDER JOINT BNV/MND CONTROL.

HBH3I

H1II3I

THAT THE BNV PRISONS MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT ROB ABLY NOT BE INVOLVED, ALTHOUGH KEY KH-6MIGHT HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF THE SPECIFIC ORGANTHAT THE BNV LEADERSHIP SECURITY DEPARTMENT; INVOLVED, 0 HAS RESPONSIBILITY FORSENSITIVE FACILITIES AND TOP LEADERSHIP PERSONADITIESSRV. KEY LEADERSHIP CADRE OF THE BNVHE BNV TECHNICAL RECONNAISSANCE THE BNV MILITARY SECURITY DEPARTMENT ANDBNV ENEMY/MILITARY PROSELYTIZING DEPARTMENT WOULDOR FULL KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXISTENCE AND LOCATION OfAND THE NUMBER. PRISONERS BEING HELD:INMARCH3 IN THE SRV AND POSSIBLY LAOS, BUT NOT I. UMBER OK SENIO* AND INTERMEDIATE-

FltW3J

NGUYEN KHAC CAPTAIN MAJOR VU

LEVELPtTcEK? WHO HE FELT MIGHT POSSESS THIS KNOWLEDGE: DIRECTOR/SENIOR COLONEL VO VAN DEPUTY DIRECTOLONEL LE SONGOAM)); DEPUTY DIRECTORS/LIEUTENANTAN)), TRAN QUANGONG)) AND MAI BIEM)); SENIOR NGUYEN NGOC KHUE, HEAD OF THE MAIL CENSORSHIP OPPICE 2

VAN SAM,EPUTYHIEFj SENIOR CAPTAIN DOAN CONG HONG OP

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arningsources and methodsot tsable to foreignreleasable tonation and extraction op information controlled by originator

general research-staff office 6| and audio operationsersonnel, including senior captain nguyen vannd senior lieutenant nguyen quangung);. with the exception op senior nguyen van long,who was assigned as of early june1 to hcmc bnv technical reconnaissance departmentudio operations unit, all of the above individuals were assigned to theeadquarters in hanoi. audio operationspersonnel were assigned the task op implanting audio devices in detention facilities throughout the srv an0 would be logically involved in such projects.)

10.

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reportarningntelligence sources and methods ot releasable to foreignot releasable to contractors/consultants - dissemination and extraction of information controlled by originator.

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recorded reporting officer. cation and controls of overall

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